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[biurowi 2 - en] identification of threats and occupational risk assessment

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  • 1. IDENTIFICATION OF THREATS AND OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT
  • 2.
    • Electric current – electric shock caused by the current powering office equipment (e.g. computers, photocopier), lighting and heating-ventilating devices (e.g. table lamps, fans and blowers), extension leads, wires, sockets and plugs, fuse boxes,
    • Moving elements of the office devices (e.g. of fans, photocopiers o r shredders),
    • Surfaces on which there is a possibility to fall – (e.g. damaged floors and floor finishes, doorsteps, wet tile floors, taking things from bookstands and shelves in case there is no access to them from the floor),
    • Chemicals – (e.g. irritating, cleansers causing allergies, disinfecting and antiseptic cleaning products),
    Threats and inconveniences in the office
  • 3.
    • Moving heavy objects – (e.g. computers, photocopiers, office furniture),
    • Area and cubature of rooms and workplaces – (e.g. too cramped and too low rooms),
    • Temperature, humidity and air circulation in the rooms – (e.g. the lack of natural ventilation or heating system ensuring appropriate temperature),
    • Lighting – (e.g. the lack of daily lighting, inappropriate intensity of artificial lighting),
    • Noise in the workplace – (e.g. noise coming from internal and external sources, office devices and equipment, wiring system and ventilating devices),
    Threats and inconveniences in the office
  • 4.
    • Physical load – caused by e.g. not applying the rules of ergonomics in organizing work and in equipping w orkstation (e.g. unregulated, ill-suited seat and table for a worker’s height at his/ her workstation), for
    • Neural-psychic load – (e.g. too extensi v e mental load, emotional load).
    Threats and inconveniences in the office
  • 5.
    • The employer is obliged to inform his/ her employees about occupational risk if it is connected with work they perform as well as about the rules of protection against threats.
    • The employer is obliged to assess and document occupational risk characteristic for certain works and to take appropriate preventive measures to lower the risk
    Art. 226 LC Occupational risk
  • 6.
    • Occupational risk is the probability of unwelcome incidents connected with the performed work which may lead to unwelcome consequences connected with health.
    • In particular, it is refers to unwelcome consequences connected with health being the result of occupational threats of the work environment or the way of its use.
    WHAT IS OCCUPATIONAL RISK? Occupational risk
  • 7.
    • Occupational risk assessment refers to predicting what kind of damages (e.g. injuries, illnesses) and how often th e y can happen to the worker employed at a given position, and it refers to planning what should be done to avoid them.
    OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT Occupational risk
  • 8.
    • To check whether threats characteristic
    • for a particular position have been identified
    • and whether they bear occupational risk,
    • Elimination of threats or limiting their results,
    • To demonstrate to the employer, workers
    • and supervising bodies that threats have been considered and appropriate protective measures have been taken,
    • To select the right equipment and organization of work and positions as well as to select proper materials and resources,
    • To arrange the most important actions eliminating or controlling threats as well as identify preventive measures,
    • To ensure continuous and systematic improvement ofconditions of occupational safety and hygiene.
    THE AIM OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT Occupational risk
  • 9.
    • Systematic prophylactic examination of workers,
    • Training in the field of occupational health and safety,
    • Arranging social rooms,
    • Caring about good interpersonal relationships,
    • Setting clear division of responsibilities among workers,
    • Conducting measurements and examinations or networks as well as electric and gas devices,
    • Ensuring free service roads.
    Organizational actions include: ACTIONS TO LOWER THE RISK Occupational risk
  • 10.
    • Position characteristics,
    • Information concerning threat identification,
    • Information concerning the means of protection necessary to eliminate threats,
    • The final result of the assessment.
    CONTENT OF THE DOCUMENTATION Occupational risk
  • 11.
    • Before a worker begins his/ her work, the employer is obliged to present full information regarding rules of protection against threats resulting from the occupational risk to the worker,
    • The way of providing information should be determined by the employer.
    • Workers should confirm the fact of having been informed about the occupational risk in a written form.
    INFORMING ABOUT OCCUPATIONAL RISK Occupational risk