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Welcome. We hope that the following materials prepared by us will allow you to actively participate in the training as well as to assimilate necessary knowledge in the field of occupational health and safety in an easy and pleasant way. Please be reminded that the training may be restarted up to the point when the test begins as many times as you wish depending on individual needs. Once the test has been started, returning to the training presentation becomes impossible. The test is to be entered once only. 70% correct answers is the minimum to pass the training.
The programme of the training. THE PROGRAMME OF THE TRAINING. THE FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME OF PERIODIC TRAINING . Based on the annex to the order of the Minister of Economy and Labour of 27 July 2004 regarding training in the field of occupational health and safety (JL no. 180, item 1860 with amendments) Lp. THE THEME OF THE TRAINING 1. SOURCES OF THE LAW 2. IDENTIFICATION OF THREATS AND OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMETN 3. ORGANIZATION OF OFFICE WORK 4. ACCIDENTS 5. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF FIRE PROTECTION 6. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PROVIDING FRISTAID
All activities in which nature’s resources and forces are transformed in order to produce goods and services fulfilling people’s needs.
Definitions LABOUR: HIRED LABOUR: Labour performed by workers not being the owners of the company for which they work in return for pay. The body of laws and legal rulings regulating work relationships as well as relationships connected with these, among them occupational protection, safety and hygiene at work, resolution of conflicts resulting from work relationship, workers’ representation, social security; in Poland regulated in the labour code. LABOUR LAW:
The body of laws and legal rulings regulating working conditions in order to protect worker’s life and health (time of work, leisure, safety and hygiene at work, labour of female and juvenile workers). WORK PROTECTION: WORKER: A person employed based on an employment contract, calling, choice, appointment or a collective employment contract. EMPLOYER: The organizational unit, even if not a legal entity, as well as a legal person if he/ she employs workers. WORK RELATIONSHIP: By establishing work relationship the employee is obliged to perform work of a specified kind for the employer, under his/ her supervision, in the place and during the time determined by the employer, and the employer is obliged to employ the worker for pay. Definitions
Article 66 1. Everyone shall have the right to safe and hygienic conditions of work. The methods of implementing this right and the obligations of employers shall be specified by statute. 2. An employee shall have the right to statutorily specified days free from work as well as annual paid holidays; the maximum permissible hours of work shall be specified by statute. CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND Legal Regulations
Occupational health and safety rules are the rules of performing one’s work safely, which have not been presented in the form of legal articles, but which result from technical knowledge as well as life experience (several of them are included in optional Polish Norms).
Occupational health and safety rules and regulations determine health and safety requirements at work mainly for recently established kinds of businesses, until appropriate legal articles are issued.
ATTENTION! An employer who does not obey occupational health and safety rules bears equal responsibility as for violating these rules. Rules and regulations of occupational health and safety
An employer who does not obey Art. 100 LC Worker’s obligations
The worker is obliged to perform his/ her work conscienciously and dilligently and to follow his/ her supervisor’s orders regarding work, as long as they do not violate any legal rules or regulations or the work contract.
The Worker Is Particularly Obliged To:
follow the work time established in the workplace
observe work regulations and order established in the workplace,
follow rules and regulations of occupational health and safety as well as fire regulations,
take care of the wellbeing of the workplace, protect its property and keep secret the information whose revealing might cause any damage to the employer,
Keep secret any information determined in separate regulations,
follow the rules of social coexistence and cooperation in the workplace.
Obeying the rules and regulations of occupational health and safety is the basic obligation of a worker. In particular, the worker is obliged to:
know occupational safety and health regulations
and principles, participate in training and
instructing in this field, and take the required
2. perform the work in compliance with
occupational health and safety regulations and
principles and obey orders and decisions of the
3. take care of an appropriate state of machines, appliances,
tools, and equipment and keep order at work,
Art. 211 LC Obligations of the worker An employer who does not obey
make use of collective and personal protective equipment assigned to him/ her as well as protective clothes and footwear
according to their use,
5. undergo entrance, periodical, and check-up medical examinations and comply with the doctor’s indications,
6. immediately inform the supervisor of an accident of hazard to health or life noticed at the workplace and warn the coworkers and other people present in the dangerous area about the hazard,
cooperate with the employer and supervisors
so as to perform the duties concerning occupational
safety and health.
Art. 211 LC Obligations of the worker An employer who does not obey
The employee has the right to restrain from performing his/ her work, promptly notifying his/ her supervisor about it, if:
the working conditions do not correspond with the rules and principles regarding occupational safety and health and pose a direct threat to health or life of the employee or
the work performed by him/ her may pose such threat to other people.
Art. 210 LC Rights of the worker An employer who does not obey
ATTENTION !!! For the time during which the worker restrains from performing work or leaves the place of danger, in the cases discussed above, he/ she keeps the right to receive pay. If restraining him-/ herself from performing the work does not remove a direct threat to life or health of the worker, the employee has the right to leave a place of danger, promptly notifying his/ her supervisor about it Art. 210 LC Rights of the worker An employer who does not obey
Disobeys rules and regulations of occupational health and safety or fire protection rules ,
Leaves work without an explanation or excuse ,
reports for work in a state of intoxication,
consumes alcohol during working hours .
Financial penalty for one contravention and for each day of unexcused absence cannot be higher than the amount of a one-day salary of the worker. Liability for the violations of rules and regulations of occupational health and safety EMPLOYEES’ DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY Art. 108 LC
Procedures for inflicting punishment § 1. The punishment cannot be inflicted after the period of 2 weeks from learning about the violation of the worker’s duty and after the period of 3 months after the violation was committed. § 2. The punishment can be inflicted only following hearing the worker. § 3. If, because of absence in the workplace, the worker cannot be heard, the 2-week period provided in § 1 does not begin and if it has already began it is suspended until the day the worker reports for work Liability for the violations of rules and regulations of occupational health and safety EMPLOYEES’ DISCIPLINARY LIABILITY Art. 109 LC
Costs of medical examinations as well as other costs related to preventive health care are born by the employer
Periodic and check-up medical examinations are conducted, if it is possible, during working hours.
The worker keeps the right to receive pay for the time of work unperformed due to conducted examinations, and in case of necessary travel for periodic and check-up medical examinations to another town, the worker is entitled to financial coverage for the travel fare.
Medical examinations of the workers
The employer must not permit an employee begin work if he/ she has not shown a valid medical opinion confirming the lack of contraindications for work at a given position. Medical examinations of the workers
Pursuant to the regulation of the Minister of Labour and Social Policy on detailed rules of training in the field of health and safety at work, the employer is obliged to provide his/ her workers with regular training in this field.
Training in the field of occupational health and safety is obligatory and required for all persons beginning work, regardless of their position. Training takes place during working hours and at the employer’s expense. For this reason, time spent participating in the training consitutes working time, therefore the employer is obliged to pay salary for this period
Therefore, training in the field of occupational health and safety must not be organized before or after working hours.
Training in the field of occupational health and safety
The workerr is not permitted to begin work for performing which he has no required qualities or necessary skills and sufficient knowledge of the rules and regulations of occupational safety and health .
Training in the field of occupational health and safety
Juvenile workers’ protection DEFINITION A juvenile, as described in the Labour Code, is a person who has attained the age of 16 and has not yet attained the age of 18.
to employ the juvenile who have not graduated from gymnasium (middle school) yet,
to exempt the juvenile with no Professional qualifications from serving his/ her apprenticeship,
To employ persons under 16 who have completed middle school education ,
e,ployment of persons under 16 who have not complated middle school education
Juvenile workers’ protection EMPLOYMENT OF THE JUVENILE Are laid down in the Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of 24 August 2004 on the list of works prohibited for the juvenile and conditions of their employment for some of these works (JL 2004 No. 200, item 2047 with amendments)
In order to ensure that juvenile workers’ health is particularly protected, the employer is obliged to:
keep the record of works performed in his/ her workplace which are prohibited for juvenile workers
keep the record of works performed in his/ her workplace which are normally prohibited for juvenile workers, but which – as an exception – can be performed by juvenile workers serving apprenticeship.
The physician responsible for the prophylactic care of the juvenile workers should participate in the preparation of the above records, and the list of works prohibited for the juvenile workers along with the positions at which such works are performed should be stored in an easily noticeable place, in each organizational unit where a juvenile worker is employed. JUVENILE WORKERS’ PROTECTION Juvenile workers’ protection
WORKS PROHIBITED FOR YOUNG WORKERS CONNECTED WITH EXCESSIVE PHYSICAL EFFORT
hand-lifting and hand-carrying loads within the distance of more than 25m and of the mass of more than the following values:
at part-time work: for girls – 14 kg, for boys – 20 kg
for the repetitive load: for girls – 8 kg, for boys – 12 kg
hand-carrying loads uphill, especially upstairs, of height above 5 m and the of the gradient of more than 30 º , mass of more than the following values:
at part-time work: for girls – 10 kg, for boys – 15 kg ,
for the repetitive load: for girls – 5 kg, for boys – 8 kg
carrying loads on a wheelbarrow and 2-wheel handcarts by girls
Juvenile workers’ protection
Pregnant female workers’ health protection and provision of the proper childcare, are regulated by the following:
Ban on employing pregnant female workers full-time of more than 8 hours, overtime and for night work (Art. 178 LC),
Ban on sending such pregnant female workers’ on business trips outside their workplace without their agreement (Art. 178 LC),
Female workers’ protection RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD
20 weeks for giving birth to one baby per childbirth
31 weeks for giving birth to two babies per childbirth
33 weeks for giving birth to three babies per childbirth
35 weeks for giving birth to four babies per childbirth
37 weeks for giving birth to five babies per childbirth
THE LENGTH OF MATERNITY LEAVE Female workers’ protection
Pracodawca jest obowiązany udzielić pracownicy ciężarnej zwolnień od pracy – z zachowaniem prawa do świadczeń – na zalecone przez lekarza badania lekarskie przeprowadzone w związku z ciążą, jeżeli te badania nie mogą być przeprowadzone poza godzinami pracy. RIGHTS CONNECTED WITH MOTHERHOOD Female workers’ protection
ATTENTION! The mass of loads mentioned in lines 3-5 include the mass of the transport machine or device. LIFTING AND CARRYING NORMS – FOR WOMEN Hand transport Specification Norms for pregnant and breatfeeding women Norms for not pregnant or breastfeeding women Hand-lifting and hand-carrying loads on flat surface
3 kg (full-time work)
5 kg (part-time work - no more than 4 times per one hour per one working shift)
12 kg (full-time work)
20 kg (part-time work)
Hand-carrying loads (on a ramp, stairs)
2 kg ( full-time work)
3,75 kg (part-time work)
8 kg (full-time work)
15 kg (part-time work)
Carrying loads on one-wheel wheelbarrows
Carrying loads on 2-, 3-, and 4-wheeled carts
Carrying loads on carts on railway tracks
Hand transport LIFTING AND CARRYING NORMS – FOR WOMEN Way of lifting, carrying or transporting by wheelbarrows and carts Norm – in kg REMARKS
at full-time work
at half-time work
to the height of under 4 m
on the distance of less than 25 m
30 50 30 30 It is not allowed to hand-carry loads of the total mass over 30 kg on the weight of more than 30 kg and at height of more than 4 m, or within the distance of more than 25 m.
Hand-rolling of round things (a barrel, a pipe which has a large diameter etc.):
on a ramp
300 50 During two-handed transport of things force used by the worker and necessary to initiate movement of the object cannot be greater than the following values: 300N – while pushing 250N – while pulling
Transporting on a wheelbarrow:
On a hard surface
on an unhardened surface
100 75 Including the mass of the wheelbarrow. It is not allowed to transport loads on a wheelbarrow upwards at a maximum angle of more than 8% and within the distance longer than 200 m.
The employer is obliged to provide the workers with an efficiently working system of first aid in case of fire as well as with the right measures to provide first aid.
The number, place of keeping and content of first aid kits and posts should be decided after consulting the physician taking prophylactic health care of the workers; kinds and intensity of possible hazards should be considered. THE SYSTEM OF FIRST AID Work stations
First aid posts and places where first aid kits are kept should be marked in an appropriate way. Work stations THE SYSTEM OF FIRST AID