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5. wypadki   47
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5. wypadki 47

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  • 1. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training
  • 2. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 22Topics1. Accident at work;2. Kinds of accidents;3. Obligations of the victim and the employer incase o fan accident;4. Post-accident procedures;5. Benefis for accidents at work6. Causes of accidents at work.
  • 3. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 33An accident at work is a suddenincident caused by an external factor,leading to injury or death, which tookplace in relation to work.DEFINITIONDEFINITIONAccident at work
  • 4. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 44For an accident to be considered an accident at work fourconditions need to be fulfilled simultaneously:1. Immediacy of the happening2. External cause3. Injury or death4. Connection with workELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATWORKWORKAccident at work
  • 5. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 55Immediacy of the happening means that it is sudden andunexpected. It is also connected with time framing in whichit takes place.It is considered that a happening is sudden when it lasts nolonger than one work-day.IMMEDIACY OF THE HAPPENINGAccident at workELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATWORKWORK
  • 6. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 66A happening is considered an accident at work only if it tookplace as a result of operation of external causes, i.e. thoseoriginating outside the victim’s body, such as:temperature operation (e.g. burns, scaldings andchilblains),operation of elements of moving machines,mechanical devices, work tools,operation of electricity,operation of chemical substances,physical effort (e.g. load carrying/ lifting),tripping or fainting because of an externalcause.EXTERNAL CAUSEAccident at workELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATWORKWORK
  • 7. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 77An injury of body tissues or organs of a person as a result ofan external cause (skin cut, limb fracture, amputation, tearingoff a limb etc.).INJURY OR DEATHAccident at workELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATWORKWORK
  • 8. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 88There is a relation between an accident and work whenthe happening takes place at work.Work itself does not have to be a direct cause of adetriment to worker’s health.RELATION TO WORKAccident at workELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATWORKWORK
  • 9. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 99Breaking the relation to work takes place when the worker isperforming activities considered his/ her private sphere.BREAKING THE RELATION TO WORKThere is no question about breaking the relation towork while the worker is taking a break during work(to which he/ she has the right) as well as duringtravelling from the premises to the place of performingwork.Accident at workELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATELEMENTS OF ACCIDENTS ATWORKWORK
  • 10. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1010Kinds of accidents;A serious accident at work;A collective accident at work;A fatal accident at work;An accident equal to the accident at work;An accident on the way to or from work.
  • 11. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1111A SERIOUS ACCIDENT AT WORKA SERIOUS ACCIDENT AT WORKA serious accident at work is an accident in the result of whicha serious body injury followed. Serious body injuriesinclude:loss of sight, hearing, speech, reproductive abilities,other body injuries or health disorders which disturb orviolate basic functions of the body,incurable or life-threatening disease,permanent mental illness,complete or partial inability to practise profession,considerable disfiguration of the body.Kinds of accidents;
  • 12. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1212A COLLECTIVE ACCIDENT AT WORKA COLLECTIVE ACCIDENT AT WORKIt is an accident at work in the result of which at least twopeople suffered.Kinds of accidents;
  • 13. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1313A FATAL ACCIDENT AT WORKA FATAL ACCIDENT AT WORKA fatality at work is an accident in the result of which deathfollowed, in the period of no more than 6 months from the dayof the accident.Kinds of accidents;
  • 14. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1414A typical example is an accidentduring a business tripAN ACCIDENT EQUAL TO THE ACCIDENTAN ACCIDENT EQUAL TO THE ACCIDENTAT WORKAT WORKIt is not an accident at work, but rather, in scope of the right toreceive benefits and the procedure of determiningcircumstances and causes of it treated as an accident at workKinds of accidents;
  • 15. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1515AN ACCIDENT ON THE WAY TOAN ACCIDENT ON THE WAY TOOR FROM WORKOR FROM WORKAn accident on the way to or from work is a happening: sudden, incurred by an external cause, which took place on the way to or from the workplaceor the place of performing another activity, if the waywas the shortest and was not interrupted.Kinds of accidents;
  • 16. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1616An accident is also considered an accident on the way to andfrom work during a break on the way to and from work if thebreak was justified for the life-safety reasons and the time of thisbreak was no longer than necessary, and also when the way notbeing the shortest, was the most convenient for the insured forreasons connected with communication.Kinds of accidents;AN ACCIDENT ON THE WAY TOAN ACCIDENT ON THE WAY TOOR FROM WORKOR FROM WORK
  • 17. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1717Obligations of the victim and the employer in case ofan accidentVICTIM’S OBLIGATIONVICTIM’S OBLIGATIONThe worker, who has had an accident is obliged to immediatelynotify his/ her supervisor about the accident. Of course, if only hishealth condition allows for that.REMEMBER!
  • 18. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 1818EMPLOYER’S OBLIGATIONEMPLOYER’S OBLIGATIONTo secure the place of the accident until the circumstances andcauses of the accident are determinedREMEMBER!Obligations of the victim and the employer in case ofan accident
  • 19. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 19191. To take appropriate actions to remove or reduce the threat,2. To ensure that the victim(s) are provided with the first aid,3. To take appropriate measures to prevent similar accidents inthe future,4. To immediately notify a proper organ of the National SanitaryInspectorate and the proper labour inspector about a fatality,a serious or collective accident at work,5. To methodically analyze causes of accidents at work andbased on these analyses, use proper preventive measures,6. Determine the circumstances and causes of the accident,Obligations of the victim and the employer in case ofan accidentEMPLOYER’S OBLIGATIONEMPLOYER’S OBLIGATION
  • 20. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2020Post-accident procedureCOMPOSITION OF THE POST-COMPOSITION OF THE POST-ACCIDENT COMMITTEEACCIDENT COMMITTEEA post-accident committee should always be composed of 2persons:A worker of the occupational health andsafety service,A representative of the employees.
  • 21. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2121In the workplace of an employer who, in accordance with art. 237 § 1 LCis not obliged to create an occupational health and safety service, thecomposition of the post-accident committee should include, instead ofthe worker of the occupational health and safety service, the employeror a worker employed at different work, but who was designated by theemployer to perform tasks of the occupational health and safetyservice, or a specialist from outside the company.Post-accident procedureCOMPOSITION OF THE POST-COMPOSITION OF THE POST-ACCIDENT COMMITTEEACCIDENT COMMITTEE
  • 22. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2222If the employer is unable to carry out his/ her duty to create apost-accident committee composed of two persons becauseof a very small number of employees, then the circumstancesand causes of an accident are determined by a post-accidentcommittee composed of the employer and a specialist fromoutside the companyPost-accident procedureCOMPOSITION OF THE POST-COMPOSITION OF THE POST-ACCIDENT COMMITTEEACCIDENT COMMITTEE
  • 23. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2323Obligations of the post-accident committeeObligations of the post-accident committeeThe post-accident committee is obliged to determine thecircumstances and causes of an accident, i.e.:To carry out an examination of the place of accident and of thetechnical condition of devices,To analyze the conditions of performing work and othercircumstances which may have had any influence on theaccident,To hear explanations of the victim,To gather information from witnesses of the accident,If necessary, to consult a physician or other specialists,To determine the kind of the accident and formulateconclusions and suggest preventive measures, adequate to thedetermined causes and circumstances of the accident.Post-accident procedure
  • 24. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2424POST-ACCIDENT REPORTPOST-ACCIDENT REPORTFollowing the determination ofcircumstances and causes of anaccident, the post-accidentcommittee prepares, within 14 daysfrom receiving the informationabout the accident, a post-accidentreport. The period of time may beprolonged only if there are somesignificant reasons which makemeeting the deadline impossible.Post-accident procedure
  • 25. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2525The post-accident committee is obliged to introduce theinjured worker with the content of the report before it isapproved.The injured worker has the right to submit his/ her commentsand objections to the findings and decisions included in thereport, however, the committee is obliged to inform him/ her.Post-accident procedurePOST-ACCIDENT REPORTPOST-ACCIDENT REPORT
  • 26. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2626Post-accident report must be authorized by the employer,immediately after it has been prepared, no later than within5 days after its preparation.Post-accident procedurePOST-ACCIDENT REPORTPOST-ACCIDENT REPORT
  • 27. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2727The authorized post-accident report must be promptlydelivered to the injured worker instructing him/ her aboutthe way and course of appeal.The post-accident report in case of a fatality, serious andcollective accident must be immediately delivered by theemployer to the appropriate local organ of the NationalLabour Inspectorate.Post-accident procedurePOST-ACCIDENT REPORTPOST-ACCIDENT REPORT
  • 28. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2828Post-accident report, together with other post-accidentdocumentation must be stored by the employer for the periodof 10 years.Post-accident procedurePOST-ACCIDENT REPORTPOST-ACCIDENT REPORT
  • 29. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 2929ATTACHEMENTS TO THE REPORTATTACHEMENTS TO THE REPORT1. Victim’s explanations,2. Information obtained from witnesses,3. Other documents collected during establishing cinrcumstancesand causes of the accidents (e.g. written opinion of a physician,written opinion of experts, drawings or photos),4. Alternatively an opinion submitted by a member of the post-accident committee,5. Comments and reservations of the victim (if submitted).Post-accident procedure
  • 30. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3030Ensure the realization of doctor’s ordersKeep the record of cases of occupational diseases and suspicion of such diseasesImmediately notify a proper organ of theNational Sanitary Inspectorate and the properlabour inspector about any case of arecognized occupational disease or ofsuspicion of such disease.Systematically analyze causes of occupationaldiseases and other diseases connected withconditions of the work environment and, basedon the results of these analyses, takeappropriate preventive measuresEstablish causes of the occupational diseaseand its character as well as the scope ofthreat of this disease, while acting inagreement with the proper organ of theNational Sanitary InspectorateImmediately take appropriate measures toremove factors which caused developmentof the diseaseTHE EMPLOYER SHOULDObligations of the employer in case of anoccupational disease
  • 31. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3131WHEN AN OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE IS EITHER DIAGNOSEDIN A WORKER OR THERE IS SUSPICION OFSUCH DISEASE, THE EMPLOYER IS OBLIGEDTO TRANSFER THE WORKERTO OTHER WORK WHERE HE/ SHE WILL NOTBE THREATENED BY THE FACTOR.Obligations of the employer in case of anoccupational disease
  • 32. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 32321. Poisonings2. Metal fume fever3. Pneumoconiosis4. Diseases caused by asbestos dust5. Chronic bronchitis6. Bronchial asthma7. Allergic infection of pulmonary alveoluses8. Acute allergies9. Byssinosis10. Berylliosis11. Lung diseases caused by hard metal dusts12. Allergy-related laryngitis13. Allergic rhinitis14. Septal perforation caused by caustic chemical fumes15. Chronic diseases of the voice organ caused by an excessive voiceeffort16. Diseases caused by ionizing radiationOccupational diseases
  • 33. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 333317. Malignant tumours caused by operation of the work environmentfactors18. Dermal diseases19. Chronic diseases of the movement system caused by the way ofperforming work20. Chronic diseases of the peripheral nervous system21. Permanent bilateral hearing loss caused by noise22. Vibration syndrome23. Decompression sickness24. Diseases caused by work in the conditions of the raisedatmospheric pressure25. Diseases caused by operation of high or low ambient temperatures26. Diseases of the optical system caused by physical, chemical orbiological factorsOccupational diseases
  • 34. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3434For the insured, whose inability to work was caused by anaccident at work or an occupational disease; granted to theamount of 100% of the assessment base, which comprises of theamount of money which is the basis of accident insurancepremiums (max. 6 months).SICK BENEFITSICK BENEFITProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 35. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3535For the insured who, after the sick benefit has been used up, isstill unable to work and further medical treatment orrehabilitation holds promise for regaining ability to work(max. 12 months).REHABILITATIVE PENSIONREHABILITATIVE PENSIONProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 36. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3636For the insured who is a worker whose salary has been loweredas a result of a permanent or long-lasting damage to health.COMPENSATORY BENEFITCOMPENSATORY BENEFITProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 37. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3737For the insured who, as a result of an accident at work oroccupational disease suffered a permanent or long-lastingdamage to health.A ONE-TIME COMPENSATIONA ONE-TIME COMPENSATIONProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 38. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3838For the insured who has become unable to work as a result of anaccident at work or an occupational disease.DISABILITY PENSIONDISABILITY PENSIONProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 39. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 3939For the insured who has been decided to be retrained in order toperform different work because of his/ her inability to work in theformer profession as a result of an accident at work or anoccupational disease.TRAINING PENSIONTRAINING PENSIONProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 40. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 4040For members of family of the deceased or the pensioner entitledto the disability pension as a result of an accident at work or anoccupational disease.FAMILY PENSIONFAMILY PENSIONProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 41. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 4141Provisions from the accidentinsurance are not vested:if the sole cause of the accident was proved violation of rulesconcerning life and health protection by the insured, and if he/she violated the rules deliberately or through his/ her owngross negligence.when a worker, being intoxicated with alcohol or drugs, forexample psychotropic drugs, him-/ herself and to aconsiderable degree contributed to the accident at work.REMEMBER!EXCLUSION OF THE RIGHT TOEXCLUSION OF THE RIGHT TOCOMPENSATIONSCOMPENSATIONSProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 42. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 4242From 01 April 2013 to 31 March 2014 one-time compensations incase of an accident at work or occupational disease equal:704 zł704 zł – for each percentage of permanent or long-lastingdamage to health,12326 zł12326 zł – in case of the medical certificate of completeinability to work or to unassisted existence of theinsured person.THE AMOUNT OF ONE-TIMETHE AMOUNT OF ONE-TIMECOMPENSATIONSCOMPENSATIONSProvisions in case of accidents at work andoccupational diseases
  • 43. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 4343Technical (T)Organizational (O)Human (H)Classification of causes or accidentsaccording to TOH taxonomyCauses of accidents at work
  • 44. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 44441. Designing defect of the machinery or mechanical devices andtools,2. Inappropriate use of the material factors,excessive use of the material factorinadequate maintenanceinappropriate service and repairsTECHNICAL CAUSESTECHNICAL CAUSESCauses of accidents at work
  • 45. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 45451. Improper general organization of work, e.g.:tolerating, by supervisors, violation of theoccupational health and safety rules andregulations,inappropriate commands of supervisors,lack of supervision,2. Improper organization of the workstation, e.g.:improper layout of devices at the workstation,inappropriate access to and passages betweenworkstations,the lack of inappropriate choice of individualprotectors.ORGANIZATIONAL CAUSESORGANIZATIONAL CAUSESCauses of accidents at work
  • 46. Szkolenie okresowe BHPSzkolenie okresowe BHPBasic and periodic trainingBasic and periodic training 46461. Not using the means of individual protection by a worker,2. Inappropriate and wilful behaviour of a worker, e.g.:Entering an unsafe area on foot or bycar without making sure that there is no danger,Too fast driving,3. Inappropriate behaviour of the worker caused by:The lack of knowledge of the rules andregulation of occupational health and safetyrules,The lack of experience,Ignoring orders of the supervisor (s),Insufficient attention concentrationHUMAN-RELATED CAUAESHUMAN-RELATED CAUAESCauses of accidents at work

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