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Introduction to tourism by Akkers Nelson
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Introduction to tourism by Akkers Nelson

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  • 1. By Akkers O.N. This slide is a mush up of four slides
  • 2. Tourism is deemed to include any activity concerned with temporary short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during the stay at these destinations. 2
  • 3.  Tourism defined as “ the activities of persons traveling to and staying in place outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purpose”
  • 4. 1. 2. Visitor activity is concerned only with aspects of life outside normal routines of work and social commitments, and outside the location of those routines. The activity necessitates travel and, in nearly every case, some form of transport to the destination. 4
  • 5. 3. 4. Specific destinations are the focus for a range of activities and a range of facilities required to support those activities. Such activities and facilities have a combination of economic, social and physical environmental effects that are the basis for tourism policy and visitor management programmes. 5
  • 6. 1. There is nothing that restricts the total market to overnight stays; it includes same day visits. 2. There is nothing in it that restricts the total market to travel for leisure or pleasure. It includes travel for business, social, religious, educational, sports, a nd most other purposes. 6
  • 7. 3. All tourism includes an element of travel but all travel is not tourism. The definition excludes all routine commuter travel and purely local travel such as to neighbourhood shops, schools or hospitals, etc. 7
  • 8. 4. 5. Travel and tourism absorbs large elements of individual leisure time and encompasses many recreational activities, but it is not synonymous with either because bulk of all leisure and recreation takes place in or around home. All travel and tourism trips are temporary movements; the bulk of the total market comprises trips of no more than a few hours’ or nights’ duration. 8
  • 9.  Tourism can be divided by four category: 1. 2. 3. 4. International tourism 1. Inbound tourism: Visits to a country by nonresidents 2. Outbound tourism: Visits by residents of a country to another country Internal tourism : Visits by resident and non residents of the country of reference Domestic tourism : Visits by residents of a country to their own country National tourism : Internal tourism plus outbound tourism
  • 10.  All travelers are subdivided into two further categories:  Same-day Visitors: Visitors who do not spend for the night in a collective or private accommodation in the country visited. E.g. A cruise ship passengers spending four hours in a port or days-trippers visiting attraction.
  • 11.  Tourist: Visitors who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited”.
  • 12.      Adventure Business Health or medical (VFR) visiting friends and relatives Leisure.
  • 13.  Tourist visiting friends and relatives (VFR) want to stay in contact with friends and relatives and travel away from home to visit them. These tourist may travel to attend a wedding, funeral, or birthday celebration of friends or relatives.
  • 14.  Visiting Friends or Relatives  Primary activities  Socialising  Dining in  Home entertainment  Secondary activities      Dining out Physical recreation Shopping Sight-seeing Urban entertainment
  • 15.  Pleasures  Primary activities  Recreation  Sight-seeing  Dining out  Secondary activities  VFR  Convention  Business  Shopping
  • 16.  Business tourist: travel is related to business and the world of work. MESE • which stands for meetings, exhibitions and special events. These are all part of the business world. All major cities have conference centres that cater for the needs of business tourists. An example of a business tourist would be a salesman who travels to another city to attend a trade show and promote the products he sells.  • Education tourists: travel to attend a place of learning in another town, city, or country, in order to study for or improve a qualification. They may also be people that attend workshops to learn new skills or improve existing ones. A clinic nurse who travels to another province to attend a workshop about infectious diseases is an example of an educational tourist.
  • 17. Incentive tourists: are people who are rewarded in the form of a company • paid holiday for their hard work, or for achieving goals set by their company. This incentive to travel motivates employees to work harder, improves work relationships, and builds team spirit. A salesman who receives a holiday package for achieving the most sales in the company is an example of an incentive tourist.  • Health or medical tourist: travel because they want to visit a holiday spa, needs medical special treatment that is only available away from home, undergo procedures that are cheaper in another country, or are recovering from an illness in a healthier climate. Many tourist come from oversees countries to South Africa to have plastic surgery.
  • 18.  Business  Primary activities     Conventions Consultations Inspection Secondary activities      Dining out Recreation Shopping Sight seeing VFR
  • 19.  Other personal business  Primary activities  Shopping  Religious visit  Medical appointment  Secondary activities  Dining out  VFR
  • 20.  Adventure tourist: want an unusual and exciting experience. They want dangerous, to participate such as in activities rock that may climbing, be river rafting, skydiving, shark cave diving and bungee jumping.  Cultural tourist: want to experience different cultures, such as San rock art, or cultural related festivals such as the National Art Festival in Grahams-town, or the International Jazz Festival in Cape Town. They would also want to experience the World Heritage Sites in the country.
  • 21.  Eco-tourists: travel to experience nature such as traveling to Bonita Gardens in Bloemfontein South Africa  Leisure tourist: want to rest and relax and have a break from the usual routine Examples of this type of tourism are a cruise on a cruise liner, a trip on a Blue train, attending a special music special music performance or relaxing on the beach.
  • 22.   Backpacking or youth tourist: generally have little luggage, are on a budget, want to experience adventure and excitement, tend to travel independently, enjoy meeting other traveller, and have flexible travel schedules. A group of young tourists on a weekend walking tour in the mountains, or a student touring around the country by bus are examples of this group of tourist. Gap year travellers: do not study further or enter job opportunity after school, instead they take break called a gap year. They travel, work and earn money, learn new skills or do volunteer work in another country. During this time they gain skills and life experience before starting tertiary education. These young people are also known as “gappers”.
  • 23.         Accommodation Adventure tourism and recreation Attractions Events and conference Food and beverages Tourism service Transports Travel trade
  • 24. Accommodation sector Hotels/ motels Guest houses/ B & B Farm houses Apartments/ flats/ villas/ cottages Condominiums/ time share resorts Vacation villages/ holiday centres Conference/ exhibition centres Static and touring caravans/ camping sites Marinas Attraction sector Theme parks Museums and galleries National parks Wildlife parks Gardens Heritage sites and centres Sports/ activity centres Themed retail/ leisure/ entertainment centres Festivals and events Transport sector Airlines Shipping lines/ ferries Railways Bus/ coach operators Car rental operators Travel organizer's sector Tour operators Tour wholesalers/ brokers Retail travel agents Conference organizers Booking agencies (e.g. accommodation) Incentive travel organizers Main sectors of the travel and tourism industry Destination organization sector National tourist offices (NTOs) Destination marketing organizations (DMOs) Regional/ state tourist offices Local tourist offices Tourist associations
  • 25. Provide food and Beverage services and some entertainment facilities. Discotheque, Tennis court. Caters for families, travelers and Holiday Makers. Décor of such restaurants feature higher quality materials with an eye towards the "atmosphere" desired by the restaurateur.
  • 26. Normally open in Nights at Dinner, Dance and Celebrate. A Dispensing Bar always provided Decor is Lavish while service is elaborate.
  • 27. - End-
  • 28.     ethelkondo, introduction to tourism. http://www.slideshare.net/ethelkondo/introduction-to-tourism?qid=85e9f748-11f84781-a4b8-d4e363337d00&v=default&b=&from_search=7 (Jun 20, 2012). nimitchowdhary, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management. http://www.slideshare.net/nimitchowdhary/01-introduction-to-tourism?qid=85e9f74811f8-4781-a4b8-d4e363337d00&v=default&b=&from_search=1 (Sep 10, 2013). Nkosinathi12, Introduction to tourism for grade 10 learners. http://www.slideshare.net/Nkosinathi12/introduction-to-tourism-for-grade-10learners?qid=85e9f748-11f8-4781-a4b8-d4e363337d00&v=default&b=&from_search=9 (Mar 07, 2014). TK1991ZITHA, Tourism for grade 10 12. http://www.slideshare.net/TK1991ZITHA/tourism-for-grade-10-12?qid=abe590d43e7a-4106-a56c-9e816b4f1eb1&v=default&b=&from_search=1 (Nov 08, 2012).