UAV DevBoard:Getting Started with PICProgramming
5/11/2009    If you bought a UAV DevBoard, you will need to program it in order to do anything useful orinteresting with i...
5/11/2009Installing the ICD2    After you install the IDE and the compiler, you need to install the ICD2. I am not real cl...
5/11/2009          The IDE is capable of both simple programming as well as debugging. You will start      with programmin...
5/11/2009        ...Programming Programming Executive        ...Verifying Programming Executive        ...Programming Prog...
5/11/2009Common mistakes, misunderstandings, and problems    I am really hoping that everything goes smoothly for you, but...
5/11/2009ICD0021: Unable to connect with MPLAB ICD 2 (USB)MPLAB ICD 2 ready for next operation    You are almost guarantee...
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Pic programming gettingstarted

  1. 1. UAV DevBoard:Getting Started with PICProgramming
  2. 2. 5/11/2009 If you bought a UAV DevBoard, you will need to program it in order to do anything useful orinteresting with it. It is not hard to do, after a few times it will be easy. But the first time can beconfusing. This document will help you get started. In addition to the UAV DevBoard itself, you will need the following items to program it: • An ICD2. This is a programmer/debugger hardware item for connecting the DevBoard up to your computer. I suggest that you buy the one recommended by SparkFun, I do not recommend the “PIC-ICD2-Pocket”. I have one of these, and I have been able to get it to work with the dsPIC30F4011 CPU on the DevBoard, but there have been several reports of problems with it. • An IDE (interactive development environment). This software suite is available as a free download from MicroChip. It provides an excellent support environment for firmware development for the DevBoard. • A C compiler for the dsPIC30 family of CPUs. This is also available as a free download from MicroChip.Download and install the IDE and C compiler You should install the IDE before you connect the ICD2 to your computer, otherwise plug-and-play will get confused and will try to install the ICD2 without having the drivers that it needs. Go to the MicroChip website, Both the IDE and the compiler areavailable under the Design->Development Tools menu, in the Software section. Close all otherapplications first. Download and install the MPLAB IDE first. It will take a while. If it complainsabout applications that you have open, close them down and proceed. It may ask you aboutinstalling the HI-Tech C compiler, you should decline, you do not need the HI-Techcompiler.You should also download the MPLAB IDE user’s guide, it has a very useful section ongetting started. After you install MPLAB IDE, download and install MicroChip’s C compiler. It is availableunder the same area as the IDE, under MPLAB C compilers. Click on MPLAB C compilers, andscroll to the bottom of the downloads list. Download and install “MPLAB C Compiler for dsPIC,Evaluation Version”. This is a free download. To get it, you will need to register with MicroChip.The only difference between the free evaluation version of the compiler and the purchasedversion is that after 60 days, the optimization options turn off. However, you do not need theoptimization options, so it does not matter. You should also download the reference manual forthe compiler. You can find it under the Design->Technical Documentation->User Guides,“MPLAB C Compiler for PIC24 MCUs and dsPIC DSCs Users Guide.” Depending on howdeeply you intend to get into the programming of the dsPIC, there are also reference manuals onthe dsPIC30F4011 hardware and programming model that you can download. After you install both the IDE and the compiler, you should check that the IDE is working.Click on the red and blue MPLAB IDE icon. The IDE should open. In the unlikely event that theIDE does not open, check the IDE user’s manual for suggestions on what to do.PIC Programming 2
  3. 3. 5/11/2009Installing the ICD2 After you install the IDE and the compiler, you need to install the ICD2. I am not real clearon this, I did it only once, and that was several years ago. There are instructions for installing theICD2 in the help window of the IDE. My recollection is that you start up the IDE, and connectthe ICD2 to your computer with a USB cable. Installation is then automatic. There are two ways that you can connect your ICD2 to your computer, either with the RS232connector, or the USB, but not both. I recommend that you use the USB. So, bring up MPLAB IDE and plug in your ICD2 and wait for it to install.Programming the UAV DevBoard You are now ready to program your board. It is shipped with self-test firmware alreadyinstalled. To do something more interesting, you will probably want to program it with somethingelse. There are several programs available on the main page of UAV DevBoard, including demos,MatrixNav, and AileronAssist. Decide which one you want to start with, download it, and unzipit. Then, do the following. Some of the steps can be done in a different order, as you gainexperience, it will become clear to you which ones can be shuffled around. Much of it is“common sense”: 1. Start up MPLAB IDE. If you have not already done so, start up the MPLAB IDE. 2. Connect your ICD2 to your computer through a USB connection. This will power up the ICD2. 3. Power up your UAV DevBoard. Apply approximately 5 volts on the power and ground pins of any servo or Rx channel of the board. If you are connecting an Rx to the board, you can backfeed power and ground through the Rx. Otherwise, the simplest thing to is to apply power and ground to one of the unused Rx channels. The pins nearest the edge of the board are ground, the center ones are power. Do not try to power the board from the spare Vcc pin. Your board may or may not do anything when it is powered up, depending on whether it is also connected to the ICD2 at the time. The ICD2 may hold the CPU in reset, if it is connected. 4. Connect your ICD2 to your DevBoard. Use the 6 wire ICSP cable that came with the ICD2. The connectors are keyed so that it is not possible to connect them backwards. The ICD2 has two places where you could make a connection, only one of them is the right one. Make a connection to the ICSP connector that is between the USB connector and the RS232 connector. 5. Open the project in MPLAB IDE. Under the project menu, select “open”. MPLAB will bring up a window for you to browse for the project that you want to open. Projects have a .mcp extension, and will have the MPLAB icon. Select the project that you want. 6. Make sure that the IDE is working in the RELEASE mode.PIC Programming 3
  4. 4. 5/11/2009 The IDE is capable of both simple programming as well as debugging. You will start with programming. After you open the project, select RELEASE in the IDE toolbar. There are only two options, RELEASE and DEBUG. Chances are the project will come up in the DEBUG mode, change it to RELEASE. 7. Select your ICD2 as the programmer and check its settings. Select MPLAB ICD2 from the programmer menu. Check a couple of settings under programmer settings or debugger settings. Under the STATUS tab, select automatic downloading of firmware, but do not select connect at startup. Under the POWER tab, make sure that the programmer/debugger is not going to try to power the DevBoard from the ICD2. 8. Do a project “make”. This is an important step. Do not skip it. Otherwise you will simply erase the PIC without reprogramming it. Select “make” from the project menu. The IDE will compile and build the firmware. There will be several warnings issued, but there should not be any errors. At the end, there will be a message that the build was successful. This step usually goes smoothly, but there are a couple of things that could go wrong. If something went wrong during the installation of the C compiler, the IDE might not be able to find it. In that case, go to “Select Language Toolsuite” under the project menu. You want the Microchip C30 Toolsuite. If it is not selected, use the Toolsuite browser to find and select it. It should be located where ever you saved the IDE, probably under ProgramFilesMicrochipMPLABC30. 9. Execute a “Connect” operation. Select connect from the programmer menu. You should receive the following messages if everything goes right. If something goes wrong, skip to the last section for a list of common mistakes, misunderstandings, and problems. Connecting to MPLAB ICD 2 ...Connected Setting Vdd source to target Target Device dsPIC30F4011 found, revision = Rev 0x1003 ...Reading ICD Product ID Running ICD Self Test ...Passed MPLAB ICD 2 ready for next operation Also, the first time that you connect, the IDE will install a new operating system into the ICD2. It will ask you if you want to do that, you should accept. It will take a few minutes. After the first time, the IDE will skip this step, unless you are using the ICD2 to program another type of PIC. 10. Execute a “Program” operation. The IDE will program the board through the ICD2. You should see something similar to the following messages: Programming Target... ...Validating configuration fields ...Erasing PartPIC Programming 4
  5. 5. 5/11/2009 ...Programming Programming Executive ...Verifying Programming Executive ...Programming Program Memory (0x0 - 0x187F) Verifying... ...Program Memory ...Verify Succeeded ...Programming Configuration Bits .. Config Memory Verifying configuration memory... ...Programming succeeded 10-May-2009, 18:04:07 MPLAB ICD 2 ready for next operation If you get error messages instead, skip to the last section. 11. Run the firmware. There are two ways of doing this. You can run the firmware with or without disconnecting the ICD2. If you want to leave the ICD2 connected, select “Release from Reset” from the programmer menu. If not, you can simply disconnect the ICD2 connection to the board, it will start running. You can also reset the CPU from the programmer by selecting “Hold in Reset”, and then “Release from Reset” from the programmer menu. This is a particularly convenient way to restart the firmware without disturbing the gyros.When you are done programming, I recommend that you do the following: 1. Deselect the programmer or debugger 2. Close the project. 3. Disconnect the ICD2.Writing and debugging your own firmware At some point you may want to write your own firmware, in which case you will want to dosome debugging. The process is similar to that of programming, except that you select DEBUGinstead of RELEASE in the IDE toolbar, and you work from the debugger menu instead of theprogrammer menu. There are two debugging functions available to you that you can select from the debuggermenu, either MPLAB SIM or MPLAB ICD2. MPLAB SIM allows you to debug your firmwarewithout using any hardware. It is very useful in the early stages of firmware development,particularly when you just want to validate your math. MPLAB ICD2 debugs your firmwarewhile it is running in your hardware. You can set breakpoints, start and stop your program, andread and write to memory locations.PIC Programming 5
  6. 6. 5/11/2009Common mistakes, misunderstandings, and problems I am really hoping that everything goes smoothly for you, but you may run into someproblems. This section describes how to recognize and correct the most common ones. When things go wrong, the following is the most commonly encountered set of errormessages. Connecting to MPLAB ICD 2...ConnectedSetting Vdd source to targetICDWarn0020: Invalid target device id (expected=0x101, read=0x0)...Reading ICD Product IDRunning ICD Self Test... Failed Self Test. See ICD2 Settings (Programmer->Settings) (status tab) for details.MPLAB ICD 2 ready for next operation The most likely cause for this error is that the DevBoard does not have any power, or that theICD2 is not connected to the DevBoard. Go to the settings menu for the programmer and lookunder the Power tab. There are three voltages listed. Vdd should be 5 volts or a little less, Vppshould be around 13 volts. Another possibility is a defective 6 wire programming cable. Check the continuity on all 6wires. (One of the ICD2s that I have was shipped with a defective cable.) Make sure the wires aretight in the connectors. I had a cable in which one of the wires was making an intermittentconnection, it caused me a great deal of grief. Make sure the cable is connected to the right placeon the ICD2, the connector between the USB and the RS232. If you want to eliminate the 6 wire cable as a possible source of trouble, you can make theconnection between the ICD2 and the DevBoard with a pair of female-to-female 3 wire servocables, such as the ones that SparkFun sells, Be very careful toconnect the pins in the right order, refer to the 6 wire cable for the sequence. Another cause for this error is that you have somehow selected a different CPU. Take a lookat the bottom of the IDE window, it should say “dsPIC30F4011”. If not, go to the Configuremenu and select the correct device. Another possibility is that there is a compatibility issue involving the version of the IDE thatyou are using. Some users have reported that after receiving the above error messages, they wereable to clear the problem by uninstalling the version of the IDE that they downloaded, andloading version 7.50 instead. You can locate version 7.50 of the IDE by going, and searching on IDE. One of the links will be to the IDE archives, fromwhich you can install version 7.50. At this point, if you are still getting the above error messages, you probably have a defectiveICD2. Contact SparkFun, explain the situation, and ask for an exchange. Another common set of error messages, that is easy to resolve, is the following: Connecting to MPLAB ICD 2ICD0019: Communications: Failed to open port (USB): (Windows::GetLastError() = 0x2, Thesystem cannot find the file specified.)PIC Programming 6
  7. 7. 5/11/2009ICD0021: Unable to connect with MPLAB ICD 2 (USB)MPLAB ICD 2 ready for next operation You are almost guaranteed to get this message if you disconnect and then reconnect the USBcable to the ICD2 while it is powered up. The best thing to do is to deselect the programmer(select none), power off your DevBoard, disconnect the USB, close your project, exit the IDE,and start all over again. This error may not clear the first time you restart, but it will eventuallyclear. There are a few other common error messages that you may encounter, but they are self-explanatory and easy to fix. There are some unusual error messages that you could encounter, butI cannot reproduce them easily, so if you get stuck, contact me, I will give you a hand.PIC Programming 7