Sitter to start with• The best-selling Playboy edition was the November 1972edition, which sold 7,161,561 copies. One-quarter of all Americancollege men were buying the magazine every month. On the coverwas model Pam Rawlings, photographed by Rowland Scherman.• Perhaps coincidentally, a cropped image of the issues centrefoldbecame its most important contribution to technology. What?
• Known primarily for his breakthrough invention. His other products include:• Mouseless – an invisible computer mouse• SPARSH – a novel way to copy-paste data between digital devices• Quickies – intelligent sticky notes that can be searched, located and cansend reminders and messages• Blinkbot - a gaze and blink controlled robot• a pen that can draw in 3D• and a public map that can act as Google of physical world
A new condition dubbed X is on the rise due to theamount of time people spend hunched over their mobilephone and tablet computer screens, chiropractors havewarned. The affliction, caused by flexing the neck forextended periods of time, can be a forerunner ofpermanent arthritic damage if it goes without treatment.Cases of the repetitive strain injury are on the rise assmart phones and tablet computers such as the iPadbecome increasingly popular, experts said.Identify X. ( 2 word answer)
• This is the yacht that Steve Jobs and Philippe Starck collaborated on for 6 years, isfinally finished and unveiled in a shipyard in North Holland. The ship is calledVenus, and is designed with a distinctly Apple aesthetic. Its sleek and minimal, thehull is made completely of aluminum, which makes it light and agile. The bow iswrapped in structurally reinforced glass.• As reported in his biography, Steve worked on the project until his death and had hischief Apple Store engineer design a special glass that could be used as structuralsupport. As at an Apple store, the cabin windows were large panes, almost floor toceiling, and the main living area was designed to have walls of glass that were fortyfeet long and ten feet high.• A row of 27-inch iMacs control the ship.
Identify both guys.• X (born 1972) is an Indian American computer engineer. He is the SeniorVice President of Chrome, Google Apps and Android at Google Inc. X wasbrought up in Tamil Nadu. He received a B.Tech from the Indian Institute ofTechnology Kharagpur and was awarded an Institute Silver Medal. He holdsan M.S. from Stanford University and an MBA from the WhartonSchool, where he was named a Siebel Scholar and a Palmer Scholar.• X joined Google in 2004 where he led the product management andinnovation efforts for a suite of Googles client software products, includingGoogle Chrome and Chrome OS, as well as being largely responsible forGoogle Drive. He went on to oversee the development of different apps likeGmail and Google Maps. On November 19, 2009, X gave a demonstration ofChrome OS. On May 20, 2010, he announced the open-sourcing of the newvideo codec VP8 by Google, and introduced the new video format WebM tothe public. He has been a Director of Jive Software, since April 2011. X ismarried and has a daughter and a son.• On March 13, 2013, Larry Page announced that X would add Android to thelist of Google products he oversees, including Chrome and Chrome OS.Android was formerly managed by Y who will be co-lead with founder LarryPage in ultra secretive Google X Labs.
What did they pioneer?• theGlobe.com was an internet startupfounded in 1994 by Cornell studentsStephan Paternot and Todd Krizelman.They made headlines by going public in1998 and posting the largest first day gainof any IPO in history up to that date. Afterthe dot-com-bubble burst, their stock priceplummeted finally ceasing operations in2008.
• b2/cafelog, more commonly known as simply b2or cafelog, was the precursor to X. b2/cafelogwas estimated to have been employed onapproximately 2,000 _____ as of May 2003. Itwas written in PHP for use with MySQL by MichelValdrighi, who is now a contributing developer toX. Although X is the official successor, anotherproject, b2evolution, is also in activedevelopment.• From a dorm in the University of Houston, X firstappeared in 2003 as a joint effort between MattMullenweg and Mike Little to create a fork of b2.Christine Selleck Tremoulet, a friend ofMullenweg, suggested the name X.
Adobe Photoshop• John and Thomas Knoll were among the original creators ofPhotoshop• John Knoll is also a visual effects supervisor at Industrial Light andMagic (ILM) where he has worked on Star Wars, StarTrek, Pirates, Hugo and many more movies.• He won an Oscar for Pirates: Dead man‘s chest
• The Vatican, surprisingly, has an astronomical department staffed with Jesuits andruns one of the worlds largest telescopes,• The ―Large Binocular Telescope Near-Infrared Utility with Camera and Integral FieldUnit for Extragalactic Research‖ is run by the Vatican Observatory Research Groupat the Mount Graham International Observatory in southeast Arizona.• After more than a decade of design, manufacturing and testing, the telescopeprovides a powerful tool to gain spectacular insights into the universe.• What is the telescope known as?
• A particular everyday sighting is said to greatly boost range and efficiency offlying birds over long migratory routes.• All birds except the first fly in the upwash from the wingtip vertices of the birdahead. The upwash assists each bird in supporting its own weight in flight.Each bird can achieve a reduction of induced drag by up to 65% and as aresult increase their range by 71%. The birds flying at the tips and at the frontare rotated in a timely cyclical fashion to spread flight fatigue equally amongflock members.• What am I describing?
Id the invention• This was one of the few reliable methods of measuring time at sea. It hasbeen speculated that it was in use as far back as the 11th century, where itwould have complemented the magnetic compass as an aid to navigation.• However, its earliest known evidence of existence was found in a painting byAmbrogio Lorenzetti in 1328. Written records from the same era also appearin lists of ship stores.• It was the job of a ships page to turn the X and thus provide the time for theships log. Noon was the reference time for navigation, which did not dependon the glass, as the sun would be at its zenith.
What practise am I talking about?• The original length of this period was 30 days and hence called, trentina• This was later extended to 40 days, and called X• The choice of this period is said to be based on the period that Christ andMoses spent in isolation in the desert.• In 1423, Venice set up its lazaretto, or X station, on an island near the city.The Venetian system became the model for other European countriesthereafter.
Put funda• In 1924, American battery manufacturers, the War Industries Board, and afew government agencies got together to develop some nationally uniformspecifications for the size of battery cells, their arrangement in batteries, theirminimum performance criteria, and other standards.• As battery technology improved, smaller batteries were using in the growingconsumer electronics industry. They also found use in the niche medium andhigh-drain applications.• Connect the event in the first para to the second para and weave a storyaround it to explain a peculiar absence of a category of products.
Why there are no A and B size batteries• The standard sizes of A,B,C andD were introduced in 1924.There was also a larger "No. 6"battery which retained that name.• As smaller batteries camealong, they were added as AAand AAA size. The mid-size Aand B simply didnt have amarket and gradually went out ofproduction worldwide.
• Debates over the ethics of using the device X have already begun. ASeattle-based bar has already banned X from their establishment.• According to their Facebook post:• ―For the record, the 5 point is the first Seattle business to ban in advance X. Ass-kickings will be encouraged for violators.”• Identify the device in question.
• How did this guy influence Linus Torvaldswhile developing Linux?• Specifically, the name of the brand led tonaming of something.
Mr Clean• When you clean the kernel source tree, you type ‗make clean‘. If youreally really want to scrub it clean, you type ‗make mrproper‘. The guyin the picture is Mr. Proper (Mr Clean in Americans)• Mr Clean was a popular brand in Europe but went by the name MrProper
• X is a post-desktop model of human-computer interaction in which informationprocessing has been thoroughly integrated into everyday objects and activities. Inthe course of ordinary activities, someone "using" X engages many computationaldevices and systems simultaneously, and may not necessarily even be aware thatthey are doing so. This model is usually considered an advancement from thedesktop paradigm. More formally, X is defined as "machines that fit the humanenvironment instead of forcing humans to enter theirs."• This paradigm is also described as pervasive computing, ambientintelligence, or, more recently, everyware, where each term emphasizes slightlydifferent aspects.• What is X? Is it also in the news for a recent product announcement by a tech major.
Ubiquitous computing• Apple watch gadget coming out this year end
Stop dreaming about electric sheep• X is open-source software. It was originally written by DanBornstein, who named it after the fishing village of X inEyjafjörður, Iceland, where some of his ancestors lived.
Long story about?• The story dates back 130 years, to a period known as the Bone wars. Named after the bitter feud between Yale‘sMarsh and Cope of Philadelphia.• In 1877, Marsh discovered the partial skeleton of a long necked long tailed herbivorous dinosaur he dubbedApatosaurus. Since the fossil was missing a skull, in 1883 he borrowed a skull from a Camarasaurus in hispublished reconstruction.• A few years later he found a second skeleton believed to belong to a completely new dinosaur which he namedX. However this was in reality, a more complete adult version of Apatosaurus. In his rush to outdo Cope, hecarelessly mistook the dinosaur for something new.• The mistake was spotted only in 1903, the name X lived on in pop culture and children literature everywhere.• X means ‗thunder lizard‘ while Apatosaurus means ‗deceptive lizard‘.• In 1989, US post office released a set of stamps featuring X instead of Apatosaurus. There was a lot of backlashfrom the scientific community for fostering scientific illiteracy by promoting the obsolete X.
Etymological history of which element‘sname?• X is derived from the greek word for blue-green spar, which is derivedfrom Prakrit and pali terms for ‗to become pale‘ in reference to the palesemi-precious gemstone Y• The word is ultimately derived from the Sanskrit word vaidurya whichmight come from the name of Belur.
The Medireview effect• One unintended effect of this was that the word medieval becamemedireview, in the body of Yahoo! email messages. Not all emailrecipients recognised this as an error or may have even thought it wasintentional. As of 2012 there are still web pages seen which usemedireview instead of medieval.
Simple one• Victims:• Tyson Gay -> Tyson Homosexual• Assassination -> Buttbuttination• Classic -> clbuttic• Hint: Made famous by Ian Botham
• In order to see the Easter egg, simply go to your Settings menu andtap "About Phone." Youll see "Android Version" in that menu. Tap onthat part very fast a bunch of times, and eventually a reward will poponto your screen.
• One of his earliest known stories goes like this:• While at school, a young X was tasked with writing a code for aprogram that schedules classes.• X altered the code to put himself in a class with mostly femalestudents.
Beatboxing• Vella MIT researchers have conducted extensive MRI studies of thevocal tract while beatboxing
Connect1) Gytha or Nanny from TerryPratchetts Discworld series. Sheis a witch and member of theLancre coven.2) The head of the Quisition andlater the Cenobiarch of Omniafrom Pratchett‘s Small Gods. Hesa frightening character, bald bydesign, with completely darkeyes.
Present day Kronisberg bridges• The city is now named Kalingrad• Two of the seven original bridges did not survive the bombing of Königsberg in WorldWar II. Two others were later demolished and replaced by a modern highway. The threeother bridges remain, although only two of them are from Eulers time (one was rebuilt in1935). Thus, as of 2000, there are now five bridges in Kaliningrad.• In terms of graph theory, two of the nodes now have degree 2, and the other two havedegree 3. Therefore, an Eulerian path is now possible, but since it must begin on oneisland and end on the other, it is impractical for tourists.• Canterbury University in Christchurch, New Zealand, has incorporated a model of thebridges into a grass area between the old Physical Sciences Library and the ErskineBuilding, housing the Departments of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science.
• At 16, X saved pennies to buy materials for his chemistry experiments.While still a teenager, he set his mind on developing a commerciallyviable aluminum refining process. By age 25, X received a patent onhis revolutionary electrolytic process.
Charles Hall• This process was also discovered at nearly the same time by theFrenchman Paul Héroult, and it has come to be known as the Hall-Héroult process.
• X, remembered as "the female Edison," received some 26 patents forsuch diverse items as a window frame and sash, machinery for cuttingshoe soles, and improvements to internal combustion engines. Hermost significant patent was for machinery that would automatically foldand glue paper bags to create square bottoms, an invention whichdramatically changed shopping habits. Workmen reportedly refusedher advice when first installing the equipment because, "after all, whatdoes a woman know about machines?"
Cathode Ray Amusement Device• The early-prototype for arcade games• The first video game used a cathode ray tube, and was constructed of analog electronics. The patent applicationsubmitted to the US patent office, describes a device that allows a player to use buttons and knobs to manipulatea cathode ray tube beam in a manner that simulates firing at moving ‗airborne‘ targets. A transparent sheet ofprinted squares including targets and airplanes images, was overlaid on the CRT screen and used to define thetargets users were aiming at.• The patent application is signed by two people:• Thomas T. Goldsmith, Jr. and Estle Ray Mann.• Goldsmith, was an American professor of physics and known as one of the pioneers of American television.• He was considered an innovator and has more many patents written to his name, including different innovationsin the development of television and several electronic testing patents.• Not much is known on Estle Ray Mann, who was his partner in this invention.
• The X canals were a network of gullies and ravines that some 19thcentury scientists erroneously thought to exist on X. First detected in1877 by Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli, modern telescopesand imaging technology completely debunked the myth. The ―canals‖were actually found to be a mere optical illusion.
• A small planet that was supposed to exist in an orbit between Mercuryand the Sun, French mathematician Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verriercoined the name ―X‖ while trying to explain the nature of Mercury‘sorbit. No such planet was ever discovered, while the orbit of Mercurywas explained in detail by Albert Einstein‘s theory of general relativity.• We know it though for an entirely different reason in the field ofentertainment and science fiction
• First postulated in 1667 by German physician Johann JoachimBecher, X Theory is an obsolete scientific theory regarding theexistence of ―X‖, a fire-like element, which was contained withincombustible bodies and released during combustion. The theory triedto explain burning processes such as combustion and the rusting ofmetals, which are now jointly termed as ―oxidation‖.
• The X theory (or Tabula rasa), widely popularized by John Locke in1689, proposed that individuals are born without built-in mentalcontent and that their knowledge comes from experience andperception. Modern research suggests that genes and other familytraits inherited from birth, along with innate instincts of course, alsoplay a very important role.
• Now widely considered as apseudoscience, X was the study of the shapeof skull as indicative of the strengths ofdifferent faculties. Modern scientific researchwiped it out by proving that personality traitscould not be traced to specific portions of thebrain.
Phrenology• Most recently seen in Django Unchained
• Dennis Carter, while head the marketing team of atechnology company in 1991, came up with arevolutionary slogan after a failed promotion. Heand his team studied successful consumermarketing techniques and tactics used by well-known companies supplying a ingredient of afinished product, like NutraSweet™, Teflon™ andDolby™. Name the person, company and theslogan.
• X is a canned precooked meat product made by the Hormel Foods Corporation, firstintroduced in 1937.• The product has become part of many jokes and urban legends about mysterymeat, which has made it part of pop culture and folklore. Through a Monty Pythonsketch, in which X is portrayed as ubiquitous and inescapable• Y is a cured meat prepared from a pig. It is first cured using large quantities ofsalt, either in a brine or in a dry packing; the result is fresh Y (also known as greenY). Fresh bacon may then be further dried for weeks or months in cold air, boiled, orsmoked.
Spam and Bacon• Bacn (pronounced like bacon), is email that has been subscribed toand is therefore not unsolicited (like email spam is), but is often notread by the recipient for a long period of time, if at all. Bacn has beendescribed as "email you want but not right now."
• Where would you find a floral symbol that, in Sweden, indicates anoteworthy attraction in a campground. Alternately known as theGorgon loop, the splat, the infinite loop, and, in the Unicodestandard, a ―place of interest sign‖?
• According to Andy Hertzfeld of the original Mac development team. Whileworking with other team members to translate menu commands directly tothe keyboard, Hertzfeld and his team decided to add a special function key.The idea was simple: When pressed in combination with other keys, this―Apple key‖ would select the corresponding menu command. Jobs hated it –or more precisely the symbol used to represent the button – which was yetanother picture of the Apple logo. Hertzfeld recalls his reaction: ―There aretoo many Apples on the screen! It‘s ridiculous! We‘re taking the Apple logo invain!‖ A hasty redesign followed.
• A runic symbol that represents the initials of a king, who was aconnoisseur of blueberries.• The first device for this technology had a ‗teeth-like‘ shape.
• This icon was drawn to resemble Neptune‘s Trident, the mightyDreizack. In lieu of the pointed triangles at the tip of the three-prongedspear, the promoters decided to alter the shapes to a triangle, squareand circle.
• This was done to signify all the different peripherals that could beattached using the standard.
• They first appeared as tape transport symbols on reel-to-reel tapedecks during the mid-1960s. The direction of the play arrow indicatedthe direction the tape would move. Easy.
• It resembles the notation for an open connection on an electricalschematic. Some say it is simply a stop symbol with a chunk carvedout of its center. We‘d put our money on a more classical origin: Inmusical notation, the caesura indicates a X.
• This terror is known by many names: the hypnowheel of doom, thespinning pizza, the pinwheel of death or more commonly as X. It isactually an evolution of the wristwatch ―wait‖ cursor that the companyfirst used in early versions of the OS. While its design origins remainmysterious, the watch was dropped as it reminded users of the timepassing as the program remained perpetually hung up.
• X‘s law is the storage equivalent of Y‘s Law : Seagates vice presidentof research Mark X said back in 2005 that magnetic disk storagedensity doubles approximately every 18 months.• That also means the cost of storage halves every eighteenmonths, enabling online services to give us more storage withoutcharging any more for it. Its worth mentioning that SSDs arent subjectto X‘s Law: as theyre solid state, Y‘s Law is more relevant.
• Ever wondered why your seventy-three-core monster PC isntnoticeably faster at everyday tasks than the PCs of ten years ago?Niklaus X has, and in 1995 he observed that "software is gettingslower more rapidly than hardware becomes faster." X‘s law has beeninvoked by, and wrongly credited to, both Googles Larry Page andMicrosofts Bill Gates.
• 3Com founder Bob X‘s Law originally described fax machines andcomputers, but it applies equally to the internet and to internet servicessuch as Facebook: the value of a telecommunications network isproportional to the square of the number of connected users of thesystem. A social network with one user is completely useless; with abillion, it becomes almost essential.
• "If it exists, there is porn of it. No exceptions." The rule itself is believedto come from the now-defunct online comic zoomout.co.uk, althoughits possible that the comic got it from an anonymous "rules of theinternet" copy-and-paste email. It has since been adapted to note thatif you cant find a X version of something, saying so online willimmediately cause what Urban Dictionary describes as "insaneJapanese hentai animation artists" to create it.
• "Any observed statistical regularity will tend to collapse once pressureis placed upon it for control purposes," professor Charlie X said in1975: in other words, if you set targets to try and make somethinggood happen, people will find a way to hit the targets withoutimproving anything, rendering the whole exercise pointless.• The best example of this in action is Google: when it used incominglinks in PageRank to make search more useful, spammers set up linkfarms and spammy blogs to artificially inflate their sites PageRank.
• X‘s Law is crucial to user interfacedesign, from touchscreen apps to thebuttons on a website. Paul X studiedhuman-computer interaction and foundthat the time it takes to move and clickon something is a function of how faraway it is and how big it is.• Smartphones are particularly goodplaces to see it in action - some sitesnavigation is effectively unusable onsmall screens, while on-screenkeyboards in iOS invoke X‘s Law bytrying to predict what character youllgo for next and making its tappablearea larger.
• The late Roy X was a scientist and president of the Institute for theFuture, a Californian think tank, and his Law encourages us to thinklong term about new technology: "We tend to overestimate the effectof a technology in the short run and underestimate the effect in thelong run." The online reaction to Apple products tends to illustrate bothbits of X‘s Law beautifully.
• There are two different X‘s Laws: one says that "given enougheyeballs, all bugs are shallow" - that is, throw enough smart people atsomething and theyll work out how to fix it - but we prefer the one XTorvalds described in his 2001 book, The Hacker Ethic and the Spiritof the Information Age: the motivation for everything falls into threecategories, "survival", "social life" and "entertainment". It explains whysome people contribute to open source projects and why others joinAnonymous or do daft things for the "lulz".
• "As an online discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparisoninvolving Nazis or Hitler approaches 1". Thats X‘s Law of NaziAnalogies as defined by US attorney and author Mike X in 1990. Itsgenerally agreed that when a discussion thread has been ―X-ed" thediscussion is over, although that only applies if the Nazi or Hitlerreference is used in a non-ironic way. Although its a funny idea, X hada serious point to make: "I wanted folks who glibly compared someoneelse to Hitler or to Nazis to think a bit harder about the Holocaust," Xsays.
• X‘s Law was a part of X‘s 1979 book Y.• It always takes longer than you expect, even when you take into account X’sLaw.• The law is a statement regarding the difficulty of accurately estimating thetime it will take to complete tasks of any substantial complexity. Therecursive nature of the law is a reflection of the universal experience ofdifficulty experienced in estimating complex tasks despite all bestefforts, including knowing that the task is complex.
Douglas Hoffstader, Godel EscherBach, Hoffstader‘s Law• The law was initially introduced in connection with a discussion of chess-playing computers, whereas top-level players were continuously beatingmachines, even though the machines outweighed the players in recursiveanalysis. The intuition was that the players were able to focus on particularpositions instead of following every possible line of play to its conclusion.Hofstadter wrote: ―In the early days of computer chess, people used toestimate that it would be ten years until a computer (or program) was worldchampion. But after ten years had passed, it seemed that the day acomputer would become world champion was still more than ten yearsaway‖. He then suggests that this was ―just one more piece of evidence forthe rather recursive Hofstadter‘s Law.‖
The ninety-ninety rule• The first 90% of the code takes 90% of the time. The remaining 10%takes the other 90% of the time.
Brook‘s Law• Adding manpower to a late software project makes it later.
The Dilbert Principle, by Scott Adams• The most ineffective workers are systematically moved to the placewhere they can do the least damage: management.
Law of Demeter• An object should only talk to its "neighbors" and not tell its neighborshow to work or invoke methods on a neighbors neighbor.• In other words : Tell your dog to walk, not tell a dogs legs to walk.
There are no silver bullets, Frederick P.Brooks, Jr• There is no single development, in either technology or inmanagement technique, that by itself promises even one orderof-magnitude improvement in productivity, in reliability, in simplicity.
Knuth‘s Optimization principle• We should forget about small efficiencies, say about 97% of the time:premature optimization is the root of all evil.
Segal‘s Law• A man with a watch knows what time it is. A man with two watches isnever sure
Peter principle• In a Hierarchy Every Employee Tends to Rise to His Level ofIncompetence.
• "Baby, Its Cold Outside" may have been the song running through 13 yearold Chester Greenwoods head one cold December day in 1873. To protecthis ears while ice skating, he found a piece of wire, and with hisgrandmothers help, padded the ends. In the beginning, his friends laughedat him. However, when they realized that he was able to stay outside skatinglong after they had gone inside freezing, they stopped laughing. Instead, theybegan to ask Chester to make X for them, too. At age 17 Chester applied fora patent. For the next 60 years, Chesters factory made X, and X madeChester rich.
Frisbees• The term FRISBEE did not always refer to the familiar plastic disks wevisualize flying through the air. Over 100 years ago, inBridgeport, Connecticut, William Russell Frisbie owned the Frisbie PieCompany and delivered his pies locally. All of his pies were baked in thesame type of 10" round tin with a raised edge, wide brim, six small holes inthe bottom, and "Frisbie Pies" on the bottom. Playing catch with the tins soonbecame a popular local sport. However, the tins were slightly dangerouswhen a toss was missed. It became the Yale custom to yell "Frisbie" whenthrowing a pie tin. In the 40s when plastic emerged, the pie-tin game wasrecognized as a manufacturable and marketable product. Note: FRISBEE ®is a registered trademark of Wham-O Mfg. Co.
• Late one night in 1946, a very tired mother was faced with awet, crying baby yet again. Changing her second daughters soakedcloth diaper, clothing, and bed sheets, Marion OBrien Donovan knewthere had to be a better way to keep babies dry. Soon after, she toredown the shower curtain hanging in her bathroom, cut out asection, and sat down at her sewing machine, determined to create adiaper cover that would prevent leaks. That first shower-curtainexperiment eventually led to the creation of?
• One day in the 1930s, while sitting in his brother‘s fountain parlor, the VarsitySweet Shop, in San Francisco, Joseph B. Friedman (1900-1982) watchedhis young daughter Judith at the counter struggling to drink a milkshake outof a straight paper straw. Friedman, an inventor with a natural curiosity anda creative instinct, took the straw and inserted a screw. He then wrappeddental floss around the paper into the screw threads, creating corrugations.After he removed the screw, the altered paper straw would bendconveniently over the edge of the glass, allowing a small child to better reachthe beverage. U.S. patent number 2,094,268 was issued for this newinvention, under the title Drinking Tube
Brannock Device• If you‘ve ever been fitted for a pair of shoes, you‘ve been in close contactwith a Brannock Device, though you may not recognize it by its name.Charles F. Brannock‘s 1925 invention, which measured overalllength, width, and heel-to-ball length of the foot all at one time, was a greatimprovement over previous measuring implements. By making possible moreaccurate fitting of shoes, the instrument helped many people alleviate oravoid foot problems, and its impact on the health and comfort of men andwomen serving in World War II was particularly notable. The BrannockDevice quickly became the industry standard and is still used in shoe storesall over the world.
• In 1879, Ira Remsen and Constantin Fahlberg, at work in a laboratory atJohns Hopkins University, paused to eat. Fahlberg had neglected to wash hishands before the meal — which usually leads to a quick death for mostchemists, but led to him noticing an odd flavour during his meal. They haddiscovered X.• The duo published their findings together, but it was only Fahlbergs namethat made it onto the (incredibly lucrative) patent, now found in pink packetsat tables everywhere. That is to say, Remsen got screwed—he laterremarked, "Fahlberg is a scoundrel. It nauseates me to hear my namementioned in the same breath with him."
• In 1943, Navy engineer Richard James was trying to figure out how touse springs to keep the sensitive instruments aboard ships fromrocking themselves to death, when he knocked one of his prototypesover. Instead of crashing to the floor, it gracefully sprangdownward, and then righted itself. So pointless — so nimble — so X.The spring became a goofy toy of many childhoods—that is beforeevery kid inevitably gets theirs all twisted up and ruins it. 300 millionsold worldwide!
• X was ironically created to be a cleaning product. The paste was firstmarketed as a treatment for filthy wallpaper — before the company thatproduced it began to go down the tubes. The discovery that saved KutolProducts — headed for bankruptcy — wasnt that their wall cleaner workedparticularly well, but that schoolchildren were beginning to use it to createChristmas ornaments as arts and crafts projects. By removing thecompounds cleanser and adding colors and a fresh scent, Kutol spun theirwallpaper saver into one of the most iconic products of all time — andbrought mega-success to a company headed for destruction.
• In what have been a very messy moment of discovery in 1942, Dr. Harry Coover ofEastman-Kodak Laboratories found that a substance he created — cyanoacrylate —was a miserable failure. It was not, to his dismay, at all suited for a new precision gunsight as he had hoped — it infuriatingly stuck to everything it touched. So it wasforgotten. Six years later, while overseeing an experimental new design for airplanecanopies, Coover found himself stuck in the same gooey mess with a familiar foe —cyanacrylate was proving useless as ever. But this time, Coover observed that thestuff formed an incredibly strong bond without needing heat. Coover and his teamtinkered with sticking various objects in their lab together, and realized they hadfinally stumbled upon a use for the maddening goop. Coover slapped a patent on hisdiscovery, and in 1958, a full 16 years after he first got stuck, cyanoacrylate wasbeing sold on shelves.
• Chemist Roy Plunkett had hoped to create a new variety ofchlorofluorocarbons (better known as universally-despised CFCs), when hecame back to check on his experiment in a refrigeration chamber. When heinspected a canister that was supposed to be full of gas, he found that itappeared to have vanished — leaving behind only a few white flakes.Plunkett was intrigued by these mysterious chemical bits, and began at onceto experiment with their properties. The new substance proved to be afantastic lubricant with an extremely high melting point — perfect at first formilitary gear, and now the stuff found finely applied across your non-stickcookware.
• An assistant professor at the University of Buffalo thought he hadruined his project. Instead of picking a 10,000-ohm resistor out of abox to use on a heart-recording prototype, Wilson Greatbatch took the1-megaohm variety. The resulting circuit produced a signal thatsounded for 1.8 milliseconds, and then paused for a second — a deadringer for the human heart. What resulted?
Pacemakers• Greatbatch realized the precise current could regulate apulse, overriding the imperfect heartbeat of the ill. Before thispoint, pacemakers were television-sized, cumbersome things thatwere temporarily attached to patients from the outside. But now theeffect could be achieved with a small circuit, perfect to tuck intosomeones chest.
• Back in 1945, Arthur C. Clarke wrote an article for themagazine Wireless World, outlining a new idea – which turned out tobe the X. So thanks to Clarke, we got long-distance phone calls andsatellite television. These days, X allow people in very remote areasaccess broadband internet.• The article was not considered serious at the time, but became areality nearly 20 years later with the launch of the first commercial X.
Geostationary satellite• The geostationary orbit is now sometimes referred to as the ClarkeOrbit or the Clarke belt.
• Einstein wrote about it in 1917, but way back in 1898, science-fictionauthor HG Wells described a familiar-sounding ‗heat-ray‘ in War OfThe Worlds. What‘s more, in 1925, Russian writer MikhailBulgakov wrote, in Fatal Eggs, about an intense red light thatstimulated growth – long before the first experiments into X bio-stimulation took place in the late 1960s.
• The first concept of X occurred on a little television series called StarTrek. In fact, Martin Cooper, the inventor, has stated that his inspirationcame from watching Captain Kirk speak into his handheldcommunicator on the series.
Mobiles• In 1973, Cooper made history when he placed the first publictelephone call on a portable cellular device. Who did he call? Hiscompetitors at AT&Ts Bell Labs, phoning them from the streets of NewYork City. Mobile phones have come a long way since then (theoriginal weighed in at 30 ounces!) and I believe we all owe Cooper adebt of gratitude for being a Trek fan.
• X was initially a short story published by Robert A.Heinlein in Astounding Magazine in 1942 under thepseudonym Anson McDonald. The story is about amechanical genius, X, and his journey from a self-imposed exile to a more normal existence. X wasborn as a weakling, unable to lift up his head or usehis hands to drink or eat. X created a mechanicalhand that he used with a glove and harness.Today, these mechanical arms, called Xs, are usedby the nuclear industry.
A remote manipulator, also known as atelefactor, telemanipulator, or Waldo
Computer virus• This is probably not something we want to celebrate as an invention thatowes its existence thanks to science fiction, but it is inspired by sci-fi all thesame. In 1975, a novel by British author John Brunner, The ShockwaveRider, described a self-replicating program that could spread across anetwork. In 1982, John F. Shoch and John A. Hupp, Xeroxresearchers, created the first computer worm, a small program that wasdesigned to identify idle CPU cycles but ended up growing beyond theirintentions. Fast forward to today, when many hackers still refer to TheShockwave Rider as an influential book.
• Created in 1994, the X font was inspiredby Batman and Watchmen comic books.• Comic Sans
• Near the event horizon of a black hole (the boundary in space timesurrounding said black hole), ―X" will occur, stretching matter into thinstrips.• Spaghettification
• In algebraic geometry, a X may refer to any of several figure-eight or∞-shaped curves. The word comes from the Latin word meaning"decorated with ribbons", which in turn may come from the ancientGreek island of Lemnos where ribbons were worn as decorations, oralternatively may refer to the wool from which the ribbons were made.• Lemniscate
• The Technische Universität München (TUM; University of Technology, Munich; Technical Universityof Munich) is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching, and Weihenstephan. It is amember of TU9, an incorporated society of the largest and most notable German institutes oftechnology.• Located inside the Faculty Building for Math and Computer Science are a pair of three storey slidesthat descend to the first floor. Being a Math and Computer Science facility these are actually―parabolic slides‖ (formula: z = y = h x²/d²). For those proclaiming this a waste of money: accordingto German law, a certain fraction of the budget for erecting a state-owned building has to be spenton ―architectural art‖ (German Kunst am Bau)—which, in the case of the FMI building, are the twohuge slides you can see in the picture above.• The slides are open to visitors and are accompanied with sliding pads that are required for usingthe slide. What a fun and quick way to get from the third floor to first! If you‘re ever in Munich, besure to take a ride down these! [Source: Wikipedia]
What is the popular name for this genus ofCauliflower?
Fractal Cauliflower• Romanesco broccoli, or Roman cauliflower, is an edible flower of the species Brassica oleracea, and a variantform of cauliflower. First documented in Italy, it is light green in colour and approximates a natural fractal.• Romanesco broccoli‘s inflorescence (the bud) has an approximate self-similar character, with the branchedmeristems (plant tissue) making a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the broccoli‘s shape approximates a naturalfractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels.The vegetable is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber andcarotenoids.• The head of Romanesco broccoli is a visually striking example of an approximate fractal in nature. The pattern isonly an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficientlysmall. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number. In computer graphics, itspattern has been modeled as a recursive helical arrangement of cones. [Source: Wikipedia]•
• While it opened a while back, heres a rare look insideChinas X theme park, also known as Joyland World.Its located in Changzhou, Jiangsu province and cost200 million yuan (about $30 million USD) to build.This theme park spans seven sections spread over600,000 square meters. Continue reading for twovideos, more pictures, and additional information.• In addition to the theme park sections, the company"also built enormous gaming and technology R&Dfacilities on the park premises, including the NationalE-Sports Competition Center, International Anime-and-Game Expo Pavilion, Anime-and-GameTechnology and Derivatives R&D Park, and a DigitalTechnology High-end Professionals Training Center."
• This game essentially created a whole new genre – the first person shooter-but its name is hardly original. The title roughly translates to X which was firstused in 1981, when Muse software released Castle X for the Apple IIe.• Because 1992‘s X was heavily influenced by the original game, ID softwarehoped to use the name if it wouldn‘t bee too expensive to license.However, Muse software had gone out of Business in 1987, so the namewas no longer protected by copyright and was free to use.
• X is the princess that the hero Y is trying to save. According to thegame‘s creator, Shigeru Miyamoto, the name was inspired by the wifeof novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald, simply because he liked the sound of it.• As for Y, he was originally going to be named Christ or Christo afterShigeru‘s godfather, but the name Y was ultimately chosen becausehe is meant to be a ‗Y‘ between the player and the fantasy world of thegame.
• X is a photographic printing process that gives a cyan-blue print. The process was popular inengineering circles well into the 20th century. The simple and low-cost process enabled them toproduce large-scale copies of their work, referred to as blueprints. Two chemicals are used in theprocess - Ammonium iron(III) citrate and Potassium ferricyanide.• The English scientist and astronomer Sir John Herschel discovered this procedure in 1842. Thoughthe process was developed by Herschel, he considered it as mainly a means of reproducing notesand diagrams, as in blueprints. It was Anna Atkins who brought this to photography. She created alimited series of X books that documented ferns and other plant life from her extensive seaweedcollection. Atkins placed specimens directly onto coated paper, allowing the action of light to createa sillhouette effect. By using this photogram process, Anna Atkins is regarded as the first femalephotographer.
Cyanotype• Anna Atkins was one of the firstscientists to use the cyanotype torecord delicate specimens, as inHimanthalia lorea, from her 1843 bookon algae.
Flush toilet• The text accompanying Haringtons diagram identified A as theCesterne, D as the seate boord, H as the stoole pot, and L as thesluce. If used correctly, your worst privie may be as sweet as yourbest chamber.
• What was the revolutionary idea put forthby Galileo is his Moon drawings thatchanged astronomy forever
• Aided by his telescope, Galileos drawings of the moon were arevelation. Until these illustrations were published, the moon wasthought to be perfectly smooth and round. Galileos sketches revealedit to be mountainous and pitted with craters.
FB• Facebook employees painted a giant 42 foot giant QR code on the FacebookOffice roof so that it is visible from space, appears on Google maps and canbe scanned by QR code readers to visit target facebook sites on mobilesmartphones.• It was part of the ―Space Hackathon‖ called by Mark Zuckerberg atthe new Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park. As Facebook staff eagerlyclimbed on the roof and painted the QR code, they chose a shorturl fbco.de so that the QR code could be made simpler and easily scannableeven is smaller sizes when viewable on maps!
What ‗unexpected‘ discovery are scientiststrying to reconstruct here?
• A scientist‘s reconstruction of the Homo Floriensis, colloquially called‗The Hobbit‘
Bono and The Edge from U2 investing intoDropBox
This is a newly discovered species.Where was it discovered?
On Flickr!• One day in May of 2011, Shaun Winterton was looking at pictures of bugs on the Internetwhen something unusual caught his eye.• It was a close shot of a green lacewing — an insect he knew well — but on its wing wasan unfamiliar network of black lines and a few flecks of blue.• "I sent the link to a few colleagues of mine," Winterton told The Picture Show. "Theyhadnt seen it either. And I realized: This things new."• The new species was dubbed Semachrysa jade — not after its pale green color, but afterWintertons daughter. It was introduced to the world in the latest issue of ZooKeys, ascientific journal focused on biodiversity. In keeping with the digital nature of theirdiscovery, Winterton, Guek and Brooks wrote the paper from three different continentsusing a Google document.
Who was X• A Russian chemist X found the perfect mix of Vodka to be 38%alcohol. However, since spirits in his time were taxed on theirstrength, the percentage was rounded up to 40% to simplifycalculations.• Any less than this, drunk neat, Vodka can taste watery, while strengthsabove 40% may give it more burn.
• X; one of the most well known compositions in the world, wasoriginally known as "Aboveground". It is one of the six themescomposed by Koji Kondo, however, only this one is renowned. Themusic has a calypso rhythm and was originally played on the pianoaccompanied by steel drums. Today, however, most of it is synthesizedto suit the purpose and is mostly found in 8-bit or 16-bit format.
What is the significance of the song ‗Daisy daisy‘sung by HAL in its ending scene in 2001:A SpaceOdeyssey?
• Composed by Harry Dacre in 1892.• In 1961 an IBM 704 became the first computer to sing, in a demonstration of BellLabs newly invented speech synthesis -- and the song was ―Daisy Daisy". Vocalswere programmed by John Kelly and Carol Lochbaum and the accompaniment wasprogrammed by Max Mathews.• In the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey the intelligent HAL 9000 computer during itsdeactivation loses its mind and degenerates to singing ―Daisy Daisy". The reason thecomputer reverted to singing this song, according to the film, was because it was oneof the first things HAL learned when it was originally programmed. The author of thestory, Arthur C. Clarke, had seen the 1961 demo.
What is the epoch-making exhibit ondisplay here?
• Albert Einsteins General Theory of Relativity on display in its entiretyfor the first time, at the Israeli Academy of Sciences and Humanitieson Tuesday in Jerusalem, Israel.• Einstein donated the complete original forty-six page handwrittenmanuscript of his ground-breaking theory to The Hebrew University ofJerusalem during its inauguration in 1925.
Weave a story around the faux-pas made by CERN.People are now rallying to rename something inWindows 8.
• Use of Comic Sans in CERN‘s presentation prompted users to rally forrenaming it as Comic Cerns
• This system was invented by Cambridge mathematician W.A.H Rushton.• Negative values also exist. -1 X is the amount of ugliness that can launchone thousand ships the other way.• David Goines describes 1 picoX as amount of beauty that can ‗Barbeque acouple of Steaks and Toss an Inner Tube into the Pool‘• X herself had a beauty rating of 1.186 X, capable of launching more than onethousand ships
Helen (from Troy)• Other interpretations of 1 X include, the quantity of beauty to be morebeautiful than 50 million women, the number of women estimation inthe 12 century B.C
• A X is unit that denotes the amount of international aid a countryreceives when it becomes the cause celebre of a prominent celebrity.• In 2005, International Rescue Committee calculated that Darfurreceived $300 per capita in aid, while DRC received $11 per capita.Hence, a X can be thought of as a 27x increase in aid receipt.
• The X is the amount of global attention W X commands across allmedia over the space of a day.• We might then think of the X as a unit of surplus attention, attentionnot demanded by the leading news story of the day which couldtheoretically be directed towards Somali famine or conflict in Sudan.