Opensource and openlearning
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Opensource and open learning

Opensource and open learning

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Opensource and openlearning Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Open Source and Open Learning Rachel Ellaway Assistant Dean and Associate Professor Education Informatics, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
  • 2. it’s really simple
  • 3. In black and white (with some grey and occasional colour)
  • 4. GNU Public License or GPL
    • The freedom to use the software and have access to the source code.
    • The freedom to modify the software.
    • The freedom to redistribute the software.
    • The freedom to ensure that all modifications must be redistributable.
  • 5. open
    • open as in not closed
    • open as in free
      • free as in gratis
      • free as in libre
    • open as in access
    • open as in reuse and change
    • open as in over time
    • open as in any place and for anyone
  • 6. from open to closed
    • Public domain
    • Some rights retained
      • Creative commons licensing
        • Attribution
        • Commercial use
        • Derivatives
        • Share alike
    • Copyright licensing - EULAs
    • Closed
  • 7.  
  • 8. source
    • source as in origins
    • source as in components
    • source as in uncompiled
    • source as in unlocked
    • source as in ideas
    • source as in links and context
    • source as in origin or starting point
    • source as in flow and process
  • 9. factors
    • Open Source emphasizes quality
    • Open Source stresses flexibility
    • Open Source decreases development time
    • Closed Source is characterized as non-competitive, rather than immoral
    Pavlicek, R. (2000), “Embracing Insanity”. SAMS
  • 10. I've a feeling we're not in Kansas any more
  • 11. what’s mine is yours
    • Altruism as a viable strategy – better directed spend, reduces digital divide
    • Ethics and accountability – especially for publicly funded activities
    • Crowdsourcing – the many are always better than the few
    • Platform and tool convergence
    • Open source ecologies
    • Openness as the very basis of the Western academic and scientific cultures – scrutiny
    • Sustainability – no escrow or black box
  • 12. Open source underpins the academy
  • 13. everyware
    • DNS
    • Linux
    • Ubuntu
    • BSD/Darwin (Mac OSX)
    • Mozilla/Firefox
    • Google
    • OpenOffice
    • OLPC
    • Apache
    • PHP
    • MySQL
  • 14. Open source pervades the academy
  • 15. the library
    • Open source content
    • Open source process
    • Open source tools
    wikipedia
    • Open source content
    • Open source process
    • Open source tools
  • 16. Open source is the academy
  • 17. Open Courseware
    • Course materials freely available and reusable online
    • The critical value is in presence rather than content – “ OCW is not an MIT education, OCW does not grant degrees or certificates, OCW does not provide access to MIT faculty, materials may not reflect entire content of the course”
    • Open Courseware Consortium - http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
    • More than 100 institutions worldwide
    • also Global Education and Learning Community (GELC)
    • Open Source Education Foundation
    • OpenLearn - http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/
    • If you can be replaced by your PowerPoint slides …
  • 18. Open Courseware in Canada?
    • Contributer? – not so much
    • Major issues of faculty rights and control
    • Major focus on content rather than process
    • User …?
  • 19. Drupal, Moodle and Sakai http://drupal.org/ http://sakaiproject.org/portal http://moodle.org/
  • 20. LAMS and OpenLabyrinth http://wiki.lamsfoundation.org/ http://sourceforge.net/projects/openlabyrinth/
  • 21. OpenOffice, Freemind, Bibus, SciLab, GIMP http://freemind.sourceforge.net/ http://www.openoffice.org/ http://bibus-biblio.sourceforge.net/ http://www.gimp.org/ http://www.scilab.org/
  • 22. dSpace and Evergreen http://www.dspace.org/ http://open-ils.org/
  • 23. phpNuke, dotnetNuke, elgg, uPortal http://elgg.org/ http://phpnuke.org/ http://www.dotnetnuke.com/ http://www.uportal.org/
  • 24. much more than software
  • 25. open source everything
    • Open source curriculum http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source_curriculum - national and international frameworks
    • Open source teaching – stop, please stop, reinventing wheels – issues of reward and identity
    • Open source learning – sidestep plagiarism
    • Open source science – distributed and reusable data
    • Open source administration and governance?
  • 26. standards and specifications
  • 27. standards and specifications
  • 28. interoperability
    • Mutual asynchronous compatibility (syntactic and/or semantic) of two or more systems
    • Data exchange – laterally and longitudinally
    • Metadata exchange
    • Packaging
    • XML – defineable and open
  • 29. integration
    • Mutual synchronous compatibility (syntactic and/or semantic) of two or more systems
    • Webservices
    • Middleware
    • Search and retrieve
    • SaaS, CaaS
    • Widgets
    • Clouds
    • All dependent on shared standards and specs
  • 30. standards and specifications
    • TCP/IP, HTTP, Unicode etc
    • HTML, RTF, PDF, CSV, JPEG etc
    • S&S in education:
      • IMS: QTI, SS, IMSLD
      • SCORM: packaging, runtime, tracking
      • IEEE: LOM
      • MedBiquitous: Healthcare LOM, MVP
  • 31. nothing but?
  • 32. mixed economy
    • It’s right were it’s right, it fits where it fits
    • Risk
    • Complexity
    • Quality
    • Choice
    • Support and sustainability
    • All technology is intrinsically temporary, transient
    • Underlying process and trajectory is more important
    • OS = paying attention to the right things?
    • I still do Mac, Photoshop, Logic, PPT
  • 33. where next?
    • The potential of open source approaches for education http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/opening_education/Open_Source_report.pdf
    • Wikiversity http://en.wikiversity.org/
    • Canadian Open Source and Research http://www.canopener.ca/
    • Open Source Schools ( http://opensourceschools.org/ )
    • Schoolforge ( http://schoolforge.net )
    • Open Source Initiative ( http://www.opensource.org/ )
    • Free Software Foundation ( http://www.fsf.org )
  • 34. where next?
    • Try it out
    • Get your colleagues to try it out
    • Get your students to try it out
    • Consider as a more ethical, sustainable, economic, appropriate, enabling and fun approach to closed models
    • Consider as a reified collective and discussion
    • Go from adopter to adapter
    • Go from adapter to contributor
  • 35. let’s not be Laurentian Open Source Anonymous (LOSAs) with OS most importantly … it’s us there is no ‘them’
  • 36. Open Source and Open Learning Rachel Ellaway Assistant Dean and Associate Professor Education Informatics, Northern Ontario School of Medicine