AIT Research Proposal Writing Workshop


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Review for current teachers with a focus on how to teach research proposal writing.

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  • Go over each groups proposal – first peer to peer with comments – then with each group individually – 15 minutes
  • Go over rationale and problem statements first peer to peer with comments and then with each group individually – 20 minutes
  • Go over objectives – hypothesis (if any) and research questions – peer to peer then with each group individually
  • Handout # 2 Counter Claiming
  • Go over the procedures of the study – look to each group formatting and structure – Each linked and defined? 20 minutes
  • Students to turn on a get access to internet – go over search creditable and to watch Zotero video short video from Boise State University 15 minutes
  • Students will work through Handout # 4 on how to talk about Visual Aids - 20 minutes
  • Students will work through Handout # 5 Effective Power point presentations
  • Students will work through Activity # 6 Effective Oral and Power point presentations – group work on Power point 1 hour / group work oral presentations 1 hour
  • AIT Research Proposal Writing Workshop

    1. 1. Asian Institute of Technology Language CenterThe Afghanistan Ministry of Higher EducationFebruary 22nd , 23rd and 25th 2013
    2. 2. What is research?Types of researchResearch problem 2
    3. 3. Research design or frameworkComponents of a research proposal 3
    4. 4. 4
    5. 5. Develop a plan for a research projectList the sections of a research proposalWrite a research proposal for the ProjectProject Presentation 5
    6. 6. A systematic process of investigation into a problemIs original and not repetition of something already known 6
    7. 7. Expand knowledge and understanding of phenomenonAttempts to answer ‘why’ and ‘how’ 7
    8. 8.  Qualitative Quantitative Mixed Methods • Describe – how things are • Explain – why things are the way they are • Predict – phenomenon and relationships 8
    9. 9. Writing academicallyWorking Outline & Style-guideWorking Bibliography Keeping records of documents & Online resources 9
    10. 10. A ‘research problem’ refers to some difficulty that the researcher experiences in the context of either a theoretical or practical situation and to which he/she wants to obtain a solution. 10
    11. 11. The formulation of a problem is far moreoften essential than its solutions, which maybe merely a matter of mathematical orexperimental skill. To raise newquestions, new possibilities, to regard oldproblems from a new angle requires creativeimagination and marks real advance inscience. -- A. Einstein and L. Infeld, The Evolution of Physics, 1938 11
    12. 12. Actual or current problemRelated previous researchTheories related to problem 12
    13. 13. Express clearly the how and why to undertake the researchAs a testable research hypothesisAs an exploratory research question 13
    14. 14. A framework that guides us to undertake research on a specific problemCover issues of ‘which’ and ‘why’ of methods and techniquesDecision on sample size and sampling procedure 14
    15. 15. Process of data collectionAnalysis procedures and statistical techniques to be usedCommunicates the research findings / results 15
    16. 16. 16
    17. 17. Methods Techniques ToolsExploratory Survey QuestionnairesEvaluative Interviews ScalesExperimental Observation InterviewElaborative Content schedules analysis and Observation research sheets synthesis Tests Meta-analysis Checklists 17
    18. 18. Why sampling?Large samples behave in normal distribution 18
    19. 19. Representative sample is important to draw conclusions about the populationDetermine the sample sizeAssist in reliability and validity ofthe study 19
    20. 20. It is not haphazardEvery subject in the population has a known probability/ chance of selection 20
    21. 21. Use of Random tableSystematic random samplingStratified random sampling 21
    22. 22. TitleIntroductionStatement of the ProblemProcedures of the StudyTime and Cost EstimatesAppendicesReferences 22
    23. 23. Title page page iTable of contentsList of abbreviationsList of tables and figuresIntroductions Chapter 1 page 1Literature review Chapter 2Methodology Chapter 3Timeline/ work schedule/ budgetList of references 23
    24. 24. The proposal should have sufficientinformation to convince yourreaders that you have an importantresearch idea. Background of relevant literature Address major issues or problem Research methodology is sound 24
    25. 25. It should be clear, concise and descriptive. 25
    26. 26. Often titles are stated in terms of a functional relationship, because such titles clearly indicate the independent and dependent variables. (Who is the audience?) 26
    27. 27. Think of an informative but catchy titleAn effective title not only pricks the readers interest, but also predisposes him/her favorably towards the proposal 27
    28. 28.  Preciseand accurate  Unambiguous  Avoid extremely long titles× Extended Contact Program and Learning Effect of Extended Contact Program onstudent achievement 28
    29. 29. 29
    30. 30. Orientates the readers towards the research topicExplain the importance and relevance of the research topic 30
    31. 31. Justifies the choice of the research topicProvides a concise overview of relevant literature to make the proposal sound 31
    32. 32.  The subheadings ◦ Background ◦ Rationale ◦ Problem statement ◦ Objectives ◦ Scope ◦ Limitations ◦ Assumptions ◦ Hypotheses 32
    33. 33. Sometimes part of introductionFurther clarifies the intent of the investigator 33
    34. 34. Presented as hypothesis or exploratory question for aims and objectives of the study 34
    35. 35. Rationale ◦ a justification for doing somethingProblem statement A problem statement is a clear concise description of the issue(s) that need(s) to be addressed 35
    36. 36. 36
    37. 37. 37
    38. 38. To measure the level of achievement ofthe AIT participantsThere is no significant difference betweenthe achievement of male and femaleparticipants of AITHow do AIT participants perform in thetest? 38
    39. 39. 39
    40. 40. Step 1 Claiming centrality and/orStep 2 Movement from the general to the specific and/orStep 3 Reviewing relevant items of previous research 40
    41. 41. Example Minimum safe low temperatures (above freezing) and high humidity control are the most important tools for extending shelf life in vegetables. (Barth et al., 1993) 41
    42. 42. Example In recent years, there has been an increased awareness of the potential impact of pollutants such as heavy metals. Moreover, the traditional methods for treating aqueous streams containing metal contaminants are expensive and can have inadequate facilities.This is particularly true in developing countries. This has led to the use of alternative technologies. The use of biological materials is one such technology which has received considerable attention.(Ho et al., 1996) 42
    43. 43. Step 1a Counter-claiming orStep 1b Indicating a gap orStep 1c Question-raising orStep 1d Continuing a previously developed line of inquiry 43
    44. 44. 44
    45. 45. Numerous studies on the utilization of plant proteins as a partial or complete replacement for fish meal in diets have been conducted using various freshwater and marines fishes (Lovell, 1987; Tacon et al., 1983; Murai et al., 1989a; Cowey et al., 1974).However, very little is known about the feasibility of using soybean meal as a dietary protein source in practical feeds for yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata.(Takii et al., 1989) 45
    46. 46. The question addressed here is how technological change occurs when it is the overall system that needs to be changed.In particular, how can we begin and sustain a technological transition away from hydrocarbon based technologies?(Street and Miles, 1996) 46
    47. 47. Step 1a Outlining purposes orStep 1b Announcing present researchStep 2 Announcing principal findingsStep 3 Indicating structure of the research 47
    48. 48. This work aims to establish the extent of interaction of alginate with calcium and aluminium ions with respect to the influence of algal exudates have on the removal of humic substances by aluminium coagulation during drinking water treatment.(Gregor et al., 1996). 48
    49. 49. This paper will examine the use of peat for the removal of two metals, copper and nickel, from both mono-solute and bi-solute solutions.In particular, it reports the effect that a competing ion has on the rates of removal and examines the mechanisms which may affect the uptake of minerals.(Ho et al., 1996) 49
    50. 50. Decide on the method, techniques and tools to useExplain the rationale of each vis- à-vis the statement of the problems 50
    51. 51. Describe the tool development process or use of existing oneDescribe how you will gather data for the study 51
    52. 52. Indicate the population, sample size and the sampling procedureExplain the statistical methods to be used with rationale 52
    53. 53. Prepare a schedule of activities (Research Action Plan)Time management skills required 53
    54. 54. 54
    55. 55. Cost of the research projectItem-wise budgetingFinancial support required 55
    56. 56. Bibliography and referencesTentative chapter outline ReferencesAny other information, i.e. Bibliography ChaptersTables / Timeline 56
    57. 57. ReferenceBohez, E. L. J., & Thieravarut, M. (1997). Expert system for diagnosing computer numerically controlled machines: a case- study. Computers in Industry, 32, 233-248. 57
    58. 58. 58
    59. 59. 59
    60. 60. 60
    61. 61.  We will watch short video 61
    62. 62. 62
    63. 63. What are the 3 main components of a oral presentation?IntroductionBodyConclusion 63
    64. 64. 64
    65. 65. Choosing the right visual aidDescribing graphs and trends 65
    66. 66. 66
    67. 67. Key wordsKey phrasesKey concepts / theories 67
    68. 68. 68
    69. 69. Asian Institute of Technology Language CenterMr. Rob Hatfield, M.Ed.AIT Language Center