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Antibiotics families

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This page contains a full list of Antibiotics - broad spectrum antibiotics - from the oldest Penicillin to the recent antibiotics, grouped together based on their families. Sourced from …

This page contains a full list of Antibiotics - broad spectrum antibiotics - from the oldest Penicillin to the recent antibiotics, grouped together based on their families. Sourced from Athena.Targetwoman.com

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  • 1. Antibiotics FamiliesTARGETWOMANPenicillin familyAmpicillinBacampicillinCarbenicillin IndanylMezlocillinPiperacillinTicarcillinAmoxicillin-Clavulanic AcidAmpicillin-SulbactamBenzylpenicillinCloxacillinDicloxacillinMethicillinOxacillinPenicillin GPenicillin VPiperacillin TazobactamTicarcillin Clavulanic AcidNafcillinPenicillins - one of the oldest type ofbroad spectrum antibiotics, sharecommon chemical structure withCephalopsorins. They are classified asB e t a - l a c t a m a n t i b i o t i c s .Aminopenicillins such as Ampicillin andAmoxicillin have extended spectrum ofaction.This table is excerpted from the main Antibiotics page - full list of generalAntibiotics, drug information, antibiotics resistance and possible complicationsarising out of the use of antibiotics.
  • 2. http://athena.targetwoman.com/antibioticsCephalosporinsCefadroxilCefazolinCephalexinCephalothinCephapirinCephradineCefaclorCefamandolCefonicidCefotetanCefoxitinCefprozilCeftmetazoleCefuroximeLoracarbefCefdinirCeftibutenCefoperazoneCefiximeCefotaximeCefpodoxime proxetilCeftazidimeCeftizoximeCeftriaxoneCefepime
  • 3. http://athena.targetwoman.com/antibioticsAminoglycosides familyAmikacinGentamicinKanamycinNeomycinNetilmicinStreptomycinTobramycinParomomycinAminoglycosides antibiotics arespecifically used to target aerobic,Gram-negative bacteria. Generallyu s e f u l a g a i n s t P s e u d o m o n o s ,Acinetobacter and Enterobacteramongst others. Streptomycin iseffective to control tuberculosis causingmycobacteria.Macrolides and LincosaminesAzithromycinClarithromycinClindamycinDirithromycinErythromycinLincomycinTroleandomycinMacrolide Antibiotics have macrocyclicl a c t o n e c h e m i c a l s t r u c t u r e .Erythromycin and the newer antibioticsbelonging to this broad spectrum class -Azithromycin and Clarithromycin arewidely used for their higher level of lungpenetration.Quinolones and FluoroquinolonesCinoxacinCiprofloxacinEnoxacinGatifloxacinGrepafloxacinLevofloxacinLomefloxacinMoxifloxacinNalidixic acidNorfloxacinOfloxacinSparfloxacinTrovafloxacinOxolinic acidGemifloxacinPerfloxacinFluoroquinolones are syntheticallym a n u f a c t u re d b ro a d s p e c t r u mAntibiotics.
  • 4. http://athena.targetwoman.com/antibioticsTetracyclinesDemeclocyclineDoxycyclineMethacyclineMinocyclineOxytetracyclineTetracyclineChlortetracyclineSulfonamidesMafenideSilver SulfadiazineSulfacetamideSulfadiazineSulfamethoxazoleSulfasalazineSulfisoxazoleTrimethoprim-SulfamethoxazoleSulfamethizole
  • 5. Other AntibioticsBacitracinChloramphenicolFosfomycinIsoniazidMethenamineMetronidazolMupirocinNitrofurantoinNitrofurazoneNovobiocinPolymyxinSpectinomycinTrimethoprimColistinCycloserineCapreomycinEthionamidePyrazinamidePara-aminosalicyclic acidErythromycin ethylsuccinateRifabutinRifampinRifapentineLinezolidStreptograminsQuinopristin DalfopristinAntibiotic interactionsSome drug combinations are contraindicated, likein the case of penicillin and birth control pills.Penicillin and methotrexate, used in the treatmentof cancer and autoimmune diseases is anothercombination that can produce serious side effects.Cephalosporins are contraindicated with bloodthinners. Tetracyclines are contraindicated withretinoids, blood thinning medications, diuretics,antacids and insulin.