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  • 06/06/09
  • Test presentation

    1. 1. The changing digital library landscape: trends in the world of Web 2.0 Lorcan Dempsey University of Edinburgh Edina is 10 3 July 2006
    2. 2. 10 years
    3. 3. Web 1.0 Regardless of these advances, many library websites continue to replicate the physical and functional organization of the traditional library. Web-based access to services has evolved as a thin veneer over library technical infrastructures that were designed to support traditional library services. As such, library websites are typically organized around library functions (interlibrary loan, circulation, reference) or existing information stores (the card catalog, print indexes). Krisellen Maloney
    4. 4. <ul><li>Structural changes in new environment </li></ul>
    5. 5. Insanity is doing more of what you are already doing and expecting a different result. Newt Gingrich quoting Albert Einstein!
    6. 6. <ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><li>Granulation </li></ul><ul><li>Remixing, …. </li></ul><ul><li>Schema </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
    7. 7. The network is inside <ul><li>In the flow: research and learning behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Flat applications: recombinance, mashup, remixing </li></ul>
    8. 8. Robin Murray Synthesize - to combine often diverse conceptions into a coherent whole. Synthesize Web services Patron services Content Policies Registries Forward knowledge Fulfillment services Mobilize Specialize - involve specific knowledge in order to serve a particular purpose; to apply or direct to specific end or use. Specialize … Mobilize - to put into action Workplace applications - points of need Profiles • Local service • Local added value • Local context • Local knowledge
    9. 9. Synthesise, Local CSUSM, David Walker
    10. 10. Synthesise, network
    11. 11. Specialize, Local
    12. 12. Mobilize, Local
    13. 13. <ul><li>‘ 2 clicks to full-text’ </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate ‘find articles’ service with other services </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Variety of pathways’ </li></ul><ul><li>Metasearch appropriate databases from course pages </li></ul>Innovative Uses of Metasearch: Rethinking Metasearch for a Better User Experience David Lindahl & Jeff Suszczynski, U Rochester Looking to synthesize, specialize, mobilize
    14. 14. The network is inside 1: In the flow <ul><li>Research and learning behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database > website > workflow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-creation </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Database > website > workflow Prefabricated (e.g. CMS) Self assembled digital identity
    16. 17. <ul><li>Gather – create - share </li></ul>Raymond Yee URL is the currency
    17. 18. OCLC adaptation of Liz Lyon
    18. 19. <ul><li>pentags </li></ul>
    19. 20. Conversation and evidence <ul><li>Mobilize the edge of user contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize resources in user spaces </li></ul>Integrity and authenticity Versioning Citing
    20. 21. University of Minnesota http://www.lib.umn.edu/about/mellon/KM%20JStor%20Presentation.pps
    21. 23. <ul><li>In the user workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Integration: resource integration supports integration into user environment </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid linkable content </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow as ‘intermediate’ consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Search engine, CMS, RSS, toolbar, extensions, … </li></ul><ul><li>No service is the sole focus of user attention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plug into multiple channels for discovery, location, fulfillment, … web services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gather, create, share </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search, link, reuse, analyse, chunk, create, </li></ul></ul>
    22. 25. The network is inside 2: organizational change <ul><li>Organizational co-evolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The long tail: Unified discovery and reduced transaction costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At what level? </li></ul></ul>
    23. 27. URL is the currency of the web
    24. 28. The long tail Impact? Systemwide efficiences <ul><li>Aggregation of supply </li></ul><ul><li>Unified discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation of demand </li></ul>
    25. 29. Moving to the network level Impact Systemwide efficiencies Cat/Resource sharing Journal lit
    26. 30. Moving to the network level <ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon S3 </li></ul><ul><li>Computation </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Salesforce.com </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Refworks </li></ul><ul><li>Shared cataloging </li></ul><ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul>
    27. 31. Multilevel approach to … <ul><li>Collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared offsite storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregate and analyse digital collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional repository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital storage and preservation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social and consumer environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking services: tagging, reviews, recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share mobilizing approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual reference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>D2D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidated discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution - Service routing – fulfilment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Business intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesize and mobilize shared usage data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendation, management decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitization and offsite storage </li></ul></ul>
    28. 32. Sourcing options <ul><li>Deep resource sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Develop ‘horizontal’ shared services – remove redundancies and build capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and learning infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jurisdictional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California Digital Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEFF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JISC, SURF </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consortial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vendor </li></ul></ul>
    29. 33. Issues <ul><li>Vertical’ structures entrenched – within and between institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Shared services framework not institutionalized. </li></ul><ul><li>At what level are things done? </li></ul><ul><li>New processes not well enough defined </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(ERM, IR, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third party services underdeveloped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of architecture/business model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project mentality </li></ul><ul><li>‘ </li></ul>
    30. 34. The network is inside 3 <ul><li>A flatter world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web services: functional components on the network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modularize and specialize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify and customize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports remixing services. </li></ul></ul>
    31. 35. Examples <ul><li>Connect discovery environments to backend library systems </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with registries of services </li></ul><ul><li>Make functionality available in multiple applications </li></ul>
    32. 38. It must change <ul><li>The network is ‘inside’ </li></ul><ul><li>The library has to co-evolve with changing research and learning behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of technology on research and learning is more telling than its impact on the library itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible responses are important. </li></ul>
    33. 39. http://orweblog.oclc.org The end