analysis of Imran Khan's SpeechDocument Transcript
Discourse Analysis of Imran khan’s
speeches on different occasions
Abstract : This topic of research aims at finding what
is the effect of Imran
khan’s speeches on people of Faisalabad. To evaluate people’s response towards
his speeches researcher use quantitative method. It was expected that his
speeches have strong effect on a group of Faisalabad. The basic purpose to held
this research is to check why Imran Khan is more famous among a group of
people and why he is not among other group of people. As its new era of politics
where two parties are standing quite opposite to each other in Punjab, it’s
interesting to note which party is supported by which social class and why .This
research will comment on different phrases, words and statements frequently
used by Imran khan during his speeches and critically analyze the significance of
such speeches on various events.
This researcher will analyze the general influence of political speeches on
common people. As we know Politicians use language as a tool to make people
trust their words and statements. Discourse analysis of political speeches are
conducted in various countries on different political leaders. Researcher will
identify how language of speeches enables educated and uneducated people of
Faisalabad to make their own views about politicians. Researcher will point out
that whether it’s the intellectual approach or common sense which make people
support their political leader.
Literature Review :
What is discourse ?
Discourse (Latin: discursus, “running to and from”) (Foucault: 1977).”The totality of
codified language (vocabulary) used in a given field of intellectual enquiry and of
social practice, such as legal discourse, medical discourse, religious discourse, et
cetera.”( Foucault : 1980). “an entity of sequences, of signs, in that they are
enouncements (énoncés)”( Foucault : 2003)
In such definitions , the term discourse is defined as talk or conversation in
written and spoken form. A linguistic tries to evaluate the conversation through
different angles. The communication can be of formal and informal nature. The
words, phrases, sentences used by the speakers and writers are the main focus of
What is Discourse Analysis ?
“The objects of discourse analysis—discourse,
writing, conversation, communicative event—are variously defined in terms of
coherent sequences of sentences, propositions, speech acts, or turns-at-talk.
Contrary to much of traditional linguistics, discourse analysts not only study
language use 'beyond the sentence boundary', but also prefer to analyze
'naturally occurring' language use, and not invented examples. Text linguistics is
related. The essential difference between discourse analysis and text linguistics is
that it aims at revealing socio-psychological characteristics of a person/persons
rather than text structure.’’(Yatsko V.A. ) Discourse analysis is best defined as
analysis of any writing material or spoken. There must be logical link between
sentences and utterances. What is politics ? "choose government officials and
make decisions about public policy". (Joseph : 2010)
What is relationship between politics and discourse ? “Politics is a struggle for
power in order to put certain political, economic and social ideas into practice. In
this process, language plays a crucial role, for every political action is prepared,
accompanied, influenced and played by language.’’ ( Juraj Horváth )
What is politics and ideology ?
“ Probably more than any other kind of discourse, political discourse is eminently
ideologic. ( A. Van Dijk ).
What is political ideology ?“…power, political ideologies define the sociocognitive counterpart of such systems.
They are the basic belief systems that underlie and organize the shared social
representations of groups and their members. In that respect, communism or
democracy may be seen both as a system and as a complex set of basic social
representations, involving relevant values and sustaining specific altitudes about
properties (like power, equality, etc.) that characterize the system’’. ( A. van Dijk)
Here we have Imran khan’s speech about his dreams :“I have a Dream “ is the title of
Imran Khan’s speech as he was addressing to the huge gathering in Mingora ,
Swat.MINGORA: Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) chairman Imran Khan delivered his
own version of US civil rights activist Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech
during a large rally in Mingora, Swat, on Sunday.
Addressing a huge crowd, Imran told the locals about his many dreams and
how he fulfilled them, adding that four months back, he dreamt of winning
the upcoming elections.
“I dreamt about playing for Pakistan at the age of nine and I played for the
national team at 18.
I dreamt of becoming world’s best all rounder; in nine years time I became one.
I dreamt of making Pakistan the best cricket team and winning a world cup; it took
10 years and we won in 1992.
I dreamt of establishing a great cancer hospital, it took five years and Shaukat
Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital was created.
I dreamt of a university like Oxford; I set up Namal University. Though, it is just
the beginning for the institution.
When I joined politics, I dreamt of Pakistani people rallying with me for a better
Pakistan and on October 30, 2011 the ‘tsunami’ took over Pakistan. (ilyas , 2013)
In this speech the most frequently used word is dream. The simplest meaning of
dream is what you think to do in your real life or may be the imagination which
comes to you when you are sleeping. In both senses, dream is the desire or wish to
The word dream is used in past tense “ dreamt”. One by one he mentions his
dreams and tells the people how he becomes able to get his aims. As we know
Imran Khan was one the best crickters of Pakistan. The very first reference he has
used from his earliest dream of becoming player at nation level at the age of 18.
The next dream was to become the best all rounder of cricket team , he also
achieved this goal. The third dream was to build the best cricket team and as a
result of it Pakistan won the world cup in 1992.
Here comes end of cricket. The next projects he dreamt about were cancer hospital
and Namal university. Now comes the politics ,as he mentioned in his speech that
he joined politics he had a dream that people of Pakistan will help me and struggle
with me for the new Pakistan . this dream is not yet come true because most of the
educated people accept him as an ambious leader and many other did not accept
This speech is much same as the chapter in 1st year English text book of Punjab.
Why he took that peom ? what was the theme of that chapter and how it can be
applied to people of Swat? The use progressive verbs in this speech suggest the
function or performance, in this way play becomes playing, becomes changes into
becoming, make is changed into making and so on. He uses such words to make
people motivated to get their dreams through struggle and hardwork. They can do
their job if they have better facilities in Pakistan .
To make his speech interesting he mentioned his achievements. So that people may
realize they should support such a successful leader for their country. Cricket is
entertainment for all , health is essential for us, education is necessity of this time,
all of these topics approaches general thinking of common man.
Here we have a researcher who has mentioned about imran khan’s speeches in his
thesis what he has written, just have a glance over it
“Between his two major speeches in Lahore and Karachi and his interviews with
major Pakistani news networks, he invokes only three figures: Allama Iqbal,
Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Prophet Muhammad. The first two are national
figures responsible for the twonation theory and ultimately the creation of
Pakistan. However, the third is most interesting because the Prophet Muhammad is
a universal Islamic symbol that all Muslims in Pakistan ascribe to, whether Sunni,
Shiite, Ahmedi, or other. When the media questioned Khan regarding his
movement’s recent acquisition of politicians with tainted histories, the PTI leader
responded by referencing how the Prophet Muhammad was able to change the
behavior of the early Muslims through devoted principlesand transparent
leadership. By doing so, he was implying that he would follow in the Prophet’s
footsteps and do …. The Prophet Muhammad is the only Islamic figure he evokes
in his interviews and speeches, evading any wellknown Islamist or Sufi figures.’’
(Nasir; 2013 )
The three major personalities on which he always focus are Prophet Muhammad
PBUH, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Allama Iqbal. Each and every Pakistani is well
aware of these persons. To mention such famous personalities in political
speeches suggests that this kind of language has emotional and sentimental
approach towards people. The previous section informs the reader about some
of the themes and topics which are mainly the part of Imran khan’s speeches. This
is how researcher will judge people’s views about such speeches and try to find
out the answers of research questions.
Methodology: Researcher will interview the people to check her hypothesis
and use qualitative approach. The method will be inductive one. Researcher can
easily access the sample and can get information from primary sources. The place
of research will be Faisalabad. For this purpose the sample groups are of two
types : Educated and uneducated people of Faisalabad. Educated group includes
teachers, bankers and college students well uneducated group includes
shopkeepers , labors and house servants. Researcher will ask questions to both of
the groups and write down answer of each questions. Then overall results will be
checked if research proved hypothesis , the next step will be conclusion and if
research disproved hypothesis the whole process will have to do again.
Expected Results :
It is expected that most of the educated people of Faisalabad will comment that
Imran khan’s speeches has much influence on them because those words
motivate them and encourage them. Well uneducated people may answer that
they don’t consider Imran khan’s words has much significance and they may treat
his speeches worthless.
By keeping in mind the expected results, researcher will conclude the findings and
discuss the answers given by two groups. Researcher will solve the research
questions according to these results and will argue how such results are
applicable and how much further research can be conducted
For example if the research question would be : why educated people of
Faisalabad gets much influence of Imran khan’s speeches as compare to
uneducated people of Faisalabad?
Educated people are broad minded and they think through different angles or
they have knowledge of words or they have access to internet or so on.
Uneducated people may have limited approach they only have friends and
relatives gathering or they don’t develop the ability of importance of words and
may be there are so many other reasons.
RQ : Why speeches of Imran Khan make some people of Faisalabad
more enthusiastic as compare to other people of Faisalabad ?
Hypothesis : It’s the intellectual thinking of educated people which
make them encouraged and motivated by Imran khan’s speech.
M. Foucault (1977). Discipline and Punish. New York
M. Foucault (1980). "Two Lectures," in Colin Gordon, ed., Power/Knowledge: Selected
Interviews. New York
M. Foucault (2003). Society Must Be Defended. New York
Yatsko V.A. Integrational discourse analysis concenption.
Losco, Joseph (2010). AmGov. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 3.
Critical Discourse Analysis of Obama's Political Discourse
(Juraj Horváth ) www1.cs.columbia.edu/~sbenus/Teaching/.../Horvath_CDO_Obama.pdf
What is Political Discourse Analysis? Teun A. van Dijk Universiteit van Amsterdam
POLITICAL DISCOURSE AND IDEOLOGY Teun A. Van Dijk UNIVERSITY OF AMSTERDAM.
UNIVERSITAT POMPEU FABRA, BARCELONA
Imran Khan delivers his own 'I have a dream' speech By Ferya Ilyas Published: March 31, 2013
(http://tribune.com.pk/story/529130/imran-khan-delivers-his- own-i-have-a-dream-speech/ )
THE NEWYORK TIMES Magzine Editor: Sheila Glaser
The Dawn of Imran Khan
The Electoral Failure of Islamism and Pakistan’s Post-Islamist Turn Mohammad Bilal spring
2013, The Dawn of Imran Khan - University of Washington