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analysis of Imran Khan's Speech
 

analysis of Imran Khan's Speech

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    analysis of Imran Khan's Speech analysis of Imran Khan's Speech Document Transcript

    • Topic : Discourse Analysis of Imran khan’s speeches on different occasions Abstract : This topic of research aims at finding what is the effect of Imran khan’s speeches on people of Faisalabad. To evaluate people’s response towards his speeches researcher use quantitative method. It was expected that his speeches have strong effect on a group of Faisalabad. The basic purpose to held this research is to check why Imran Khan is more famous among a group of people and why he is not among other group of people. As its new era of politics where two parties are standing quite opposite to each other in Punjab, it’s interesting to note which party is supported by which social class and why .This research will comment on different phrases, words and statements frequently used by Imran khan during his speeches and critically analyze the significance of such speeches on various events. Introduction : This researcher will analyze the general influence of political speeches on common people. As we know Politicians use language as a tool to make people trust their words and statements. Discourse analysis of political speeches are conducted in various countries on different political leaders. Researcher will identify how language of speeches enables educated and uneducated people of Faisalabad to make their own views about politicians. Researcher will point out that whether it’s the intellectual approach or common sense which make people support their political leader.
    • Literature Review : What is discourse ? Discourse (Latin: discursus, “running to and from”) (Foucault: 1977).”The totality of codified language (vocabulary) used in a given field of intellectual enquiry and of social practice, such as legal discourse, medical discourse, religious discourse, et cetera.”( Foucault : 1980). “an entity of sequences, of signs, in that they are enouncements (énoncés)”( Foucault : 2003) In such definitions , the term discourse is defined as talk or conversation in written and spoken form. A linguistic tries to evaluate the conversation through different angles. The communication can be of formal and informal nature. The words, phrases, sentences used by the speakers and writers are the main focus of a linguist. What is Discourse Analysis ? “The objects of discourse analysis—discourse, writing, conversation, communicative event—are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of sentences, propositions, speech acts, or turns-at-talk. Contrary to much of traditional linguistics, discourse analysts not only study language use 'beyond the sentence boundary', but also prefer to analyze 'naturally occurring' language use, and not invented examples. Text linguistics is related. The essential difference between discourse analysis and text linguistics is that it aims at revealing socio-psychological characteristics of a person/persons rather than text structure.’’(Yatsko V.A. ) Discourse analysis is best defined as analysis of any writing material or spoken. There must be logical link between sentences and utterances. What is politics ? "choose government officials and make decisions about public policy". (Joseph : 2010) What is relationship between politics and discourse ? “Politics is a struggle for power in order to put certain political, economic and social ideas into practice. In this process, language plays a crucial role, for every political action is prepared, accompanied, influenced and played by language.’’ ( Juraj Horváth ) What is politics and ideology ? “ Probably more than any other kind of discourse, political discourse is eminently ideologic. ( A. Van Dijk ). What is political ideology ?“…power, political ideologies define the sociocognitive counterpart of such systems.
    • They are the basic belief systems that underlie and organize the shared social representations of groups and their members. In that respect, communism or democracy may be seen both as a system and as a complex set of basic social representations, involving relevant values and sustaining specific altitudes about properties (like power, equality, etc.) that characterize the system’’. ( A. van Dijk) Here we have Imran khan’s speech about his dreams :“I have a Dream “ is the title of Imran Khan’s speech as he was addressing to the huge gathering in Mingora , Swat.MINGORA: Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) chairman Imran Khan delivered his own version of US civil rights activist Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech during a large rally in Mingora, Swat, on Sunday. Addressing a huge crowd, Imran told the locals about his many dreams and how he fulfilled them, adding that four months back, he dreamt of winning the upcoming elections. “I dreamt about playing for Pakistan at the age of nine and I played for the national team at 18. I dreamt of becoming world’s best all rounder; in nine years time I became one. I dreamt of making Pakistan the best cricket team and winning a world cup; it took 10 years and we won in 1992. I dreamt of establishing a great cancer hospital, it took five years and Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital was created. I dreamt of a university like Oxford; I set up Namal University. Though, it is just the beginning for the institution. When I joined politics, I dreamt of Pakistani people rallying with me for a better Pakistan and on October 30, 2011 the ‘tsunami’ took over Pakistan. (ilyas , 2013) In this speech the most frequently used word is dream. The simplest meaning of dream is what you think to do in your real life or may be the imagination which comes to you when you are sleeping. In both senses, dream is the desire or wish to get something. The word dream is used in past tense “ dreamt”. One by one he mentions his dreams and tells the people how he becomes able to get his aims. As we know Imran Khan was one the best crickters of Pakistan. The very first reference he has used from his earliest dream of becoming player at nation level at the age of 18.
    • The next dream was to become the best all rounder of cricket team , he also achieved this goal. The third dream was to build the best cricket team and as a result of it Pakistan won the world cup in 1992. Here comes end of cricket. The next projects he dreamt about were cancer hospital and Namal university. Now comes the politics ,as he mentioned in his speech that he joined politics he had a dream that people of Pakistan will help me and struggle with me for the new Pakistan . this dream is not yet come true because most of the educated people accept him as an ambious leader and many other did not accept him . This speech is much same as the chapter in 1st year English text book of Punjab. Why he took that peom ? what was the theme of that chapter and how it can be applied to people of Swat? The use progressive verbs in this speech suggest the function or performance, in this way play becomes playing, becomes changes into becoming, make is changed into making and so on. He uses such words to make people motivated to get their dreams through struggle and hardwork. They can do their job if they have better facilities in Pakistan . To make his speech interesting he mentioned his achievements. So that people may realize they should support such a successful leader for their country. Cricket is entertainment for all , health is essential for us, education is necessity of this time, all of these topics approaches general thinking of common man. Here we have a researcher who has mentioned about imran khan’s speeches in his thesis what he has written, just have a glance over it “Between his two major speeches in Lahore and Karachi and his interviews with major Pakistani news networks, he invokes only three figures: Allama Iqbal, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Prophet Muhammad. The first two are national figures responsible for the twonation theory and ultimately the creation of Pakistan. However, the third is most interesting because the Prophet Muhammad is a universal Islamic symbol that all Muslims in Pakistan ascribe to, whether Sunni, Shiite, Ahmedi, or other. When the media questioned Khan regarding his movement’s recent acquisition of politicians with tainted histories, the PTI leader responded by referencing how the Prophet Muhammad was able to change the behavior of the early Muslims through devoted principlesand transparent leadership. By doing so, he was implying that he would follow in the Prophet’s footsteps and do …. The Prophet Muhammad is the only Islamic figure he evokes
    • in his interviews and speeches, evading any wellknown Islamist or Sufi figures.’’ (Nasir; 2013 ) The three major personalities on which he always focus are Prophet Muhammad PBUH, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Allama Iqbal. Each and every Pakistani is well aware of these persons. To mention such famous personalities in political speeches suggests that this kind of language has emotional and sentimental approach towards people. The previous section informs the reader about some of the themes and topics which are mainly the part of Imran khan’s speeches. This is how researcher will judge people’s views about such speeches and try to find out the answers of research questions. Methodology: Researcher will interview the people to check her hypothesis and use qualitative approach. The method will be inductive one. Researcher can easily access the sample and can get information from primary sources. The place of research will be Faisalabad. For this purpose the sample groups are of two types : Educated and uneducated people of Faisalabad. Educated group includes teachers, bankers and college students well uneducated group includes shopkeepers , labors and house servants. Researcher will ask questions to both of the groups and write down answer of each questions. Then overall results will be checked if research proved hypothesis , the next step will be conclusion and if research disproved hypothesis the whole process will have to do again. Expected Results : It is expected that most of the educated people of Faisalabad will comment that Imran khan’s speeches has much influence on them because those words motivate them and encourage them. Well uneducated people may answer that they don’t consider Imran khan’s words has much significance and they may treat his speeches worthless. Discussions/Conclusions : By keeping in mind the expected results, researcher will conclude the findings and discuss the answers given by two groups. Researcher will solve the research questions according to these results and will argue how such results are applicable and how much further research can be conducted
    • For example if the research question would be : why educated people of Faisalabad gets much influence of Imran khan’s speeches as compare to uneducated people of Faisalabad? Educated people are broad minded and they think through different angles or they have knowledge of words or they have access to internet or so on. Uneducated people may have limited approach they only have friends and relatives gathering or they don’t develop the ability of importance of words and may be there are so many other reasons. RQ : Why speeches of Imran Khan make some people of Faisalabad more enthusiastic as compare to other people of Faisalabad ? Hypothesis : It’s the intellectual thinking of educated people which make them encouraged and motivated by Imran khan’s speech.
    • REFRENCES M. Foucault (1977). Discipline and Punish. New York M. Foucault (1980). "Two Lectures," in Colin Gordon, ed., Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews. New York M. Foucault (2003). Society Must Be Defended. New York Yatsko V.A. Integrational discourse analysis concenption. . [1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discourse_analysis) Losco, Joseph (2010). AmGov. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics Critical Discourse Analysis of Obama's Political Discourse (Juraj Horváth ) www1.cs.columbia.edu/~sbenus/Teaching/.../Horvath_CDO_Obama.pdf What is Political Discourse Analysis? Teun A. van Dijk Universiteit van Amsterdam www.mtapti.hu/pdf/mtszabo.pdf POLITICAL DISCOURSE AND IDEOLOGY Teun A. Van Dijk UNIVERSITY OF AMSTERDAM. UNIVERSITAT POMPEU FABRA, BARCELONA Imran Khan delivers his own 'I have a dream' speech By Ferya Ilyas Published: March 31, 2013 (http://tribune.com.pk/story/529130/imran-khan-delivers-his- own-i-have-a-dream-speech/ ) THE NEWYORK TIMES Magzine Editor: Sheila Glaser http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/19/magazine/pakistans-imran-khan-must-be-doingsomething-right.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 The Dawn of Imran Khan The Electoral Failure of Islamism and Pakistan’s Post-Islamist Turn Mohammad Bilal spring 2013, The Dawn of Imran Khan - University of Washington