GOVERNMENTThe most important political institution we haveis GOVERNMENT .Without GOVERNMENT ,1. It is difficult for social institutions to continue to operate control mechanisms e.g. fulfilment of laws, rules and regulations safety of citizens, healthy family values
GOVERNMENTIn other words, social control has to be backedup by law and government creates law.
WHAT IS GOVERNMENT?Government is the actions and decision-making involved in ruling a countryThe group of people we call ‘the government’ isthe body given the responsibility ofMAKING, REFINING and ENFORCING the law onbehalf of all the citizens of a country.
WHAT IS GOVERNMENT? Governments are also involved in the day -to- day administration of a country through different ministerial departments. In many countries there is a local as well as national government . E.g. Trinidad and Tobago and The United States of America
WHAT IS GOVERNMENT? Government is also the ‘STATE’The STATE is the entire system of governmentand includes the whole system of primeminister, members of parliament, civil servantsand judges which is always there whether theindividual minister or judge changes or not.We expect the state to last forever unless somethingdisastrous occurs.
WHAT IS GOVERNMENT?Government is therefore a body of individuals with the power and authority to control and direct the affairs of a society
RESPONSIBILITIES OF GOVERNMENTThe government rules on behalf of society. Theterm government implies that there are peopleto be governed. A government’s policies shouldtherefore seek to benefit society as awhole, while protecting the rights of theindividual.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF GOVERNMENTIn most territories of the Caribbean these rights andresponsibilities of the individual or citizen are as follows1. Protection of life and property 10. Join a Trade Union of2. Free speech choice3. Protection against disease4. Freedom of worship5. Freedom from false imprisonment6. Trial by jury7. Healthful surroundings8. A good education9. Earn a living
RESPONSIBILITIES TO GOVERNMENTOn the Converse, every citizen has a responsibility orduty to1. Obey the law and respect authority2. Pay taxes3. Vote in elections4. Do jury service as required5. Keep our surroundings healthy6. Preserve the natural environment7. Participate in the government of the country
GOVERNMENT1. Identify T WO Characteristics of an institution 2 marks2. Define EACH of the following terms a. Government b. Laws 2 marks3. Identify two functions of a political institution 2 marks4. What three responsibilities do Governments have to the individual 3 marks5. Give THREE reasons why knowing their Constitutional rights is important for citizens 6 marks