2. In linguistics and grammar,
a pronoun is a word or form that
substitutes for a noun or noun
phrase. It is a particular case of
3. Common types include the;
4. Personal pronouns denote an entity of a
specific grammatical person: first
person (as in the case of I, me, we, etc.),
second person (as in the case of you), or
third person (he, she, they, etc.)
5. Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or
– In a strict sense, the possessive pronouns are only those
that act syntactically as nouns. English example: Those
clothes are mine.
– Often, though, the term "possessive pronoun" is also
applied to the so-called possessive
determiners (or possessive adjectives). For example, in
English: I lost my wallet. They are not strictly speaking
pronouns because they do not substitute for a noun or
noun phrase, and as such, some grammarians classify
these terms in a separate lexical category
called determiners (they have a syntactic role close to that
of adjectives, always qualifying a noun).
6. Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or
thing acts on itself.
English example: John cut himself.
7. Relative pronouns refer back to people or things
English example: People who smoke should quit
8. Demonstrative pronouns distinguish the
particular objects or people that are
referred to from other possible candidates.
English example: I'll take these.
9. Interrogative pronouns ask which
person or thing is meant.
English example: Who did that?
Indefinite pronouns refer to general categories
of people or things.
English example: Anyone can do that.
I did it myself
He bought the red car,
which was cheaper