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Urban Poverty in Kolkata - Geography and World Politics
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Urban Poverty in Kolkata - Geography and World Politics

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Urban Poverty in Kolkata - Geography and World Politics Urban Poverty in Kolkata - Geography and World Politics Presentation Transcript

  • POVERTY IN POVERTY IN KOLKATA. WHO ARE THE URBAN POOR? AGRICULTURAL DECLINE Definition of poor MARRIAGE DIVISION OF LAND IN= Inability to afford basic necessities. LARGE SCALE IN-MIGRATION as Price of basic necessities act RURAL IMMIGRANTS the poverty a benchmark for line. NEPAL, BHUTAN, BANGLADESH Those whose REFUGEES SHELTER FOR earnings fall below the line, are NATURAL, POLITICAL SOCIAL identified as the Urban poor. ESTIMATED NO. OF PEOPLE LIVING IN POVERTY 1.06 MILLION PEOPLE 21.9% TOTAL POPULATION DISASTERS SHIFT IN MANUFACTURING AND INDUSTRY INADEQUATE MANAGEMENT OF LABOR UNIONS 37, 760 HOMELESS & DESTITUTE
  • HISTORY OF POVERTY IN KOLKATA. .LARGE SCALE IN-MIGRATION. .RURAL IMMIGRANTS. .NEPAL, BHUTAN, BANGLADESH. .AGRICULTURAL DECLINE. .DIVISION OF LAND IN MARRIAGE, MORTGAGE .FLOODING. .RURAL FOLK SEEKING REFUGE. .NATURAL, POLITICAL SOCIAL. .DISASTERS. .SHIFT IN MANUFACTURING AND INDUSTRY. .INADEQUATE MANAGEMENT OF LABOR UNIONS. Kolkata used to be a Mecca of trade and commerce. Being the gateway to SEA and the only major city in the eastern part of the country, it is an attractive and feasible destination for immigrants. Over time, uncontrolled in-migration robbed it of its former title.
  • ISSUES FACING KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR LIVING ARRANGEMENTS, OVERCROWDING, INCOME, FOOD, SANITATION, HEALTH SAFETY, WELFARE ILLITERACY IDENTITY ABSOLUTE MARGINALIZATION
  • .slums on the outskirts of town. Those that arrive later build slums on the outskirts of town and end up expanding the boundaries of the city. .congregate near railway tracks .to beg and steal. slums..... .inhabiting abandoned buildings. When thousands of immigrants are unable to afford housing or given a designated space, they start to organize themselves and create their own spaces. .build shanty towns on undeveloped land. LIVING ARRANGEMENTS | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR
  • OVERCROWDING = NATURAL GROWTH + IN-MIGRATION + LACK OF WELL-PLANNED POLICIES + LONG TERM INTERVENTION STRATEGIES Overcrowding is a huge problem and the number of urban poor will increase considerably in the near future due to natural growth and in-migration, combined with a lack of well-planned policies and long-term intervention strategies.
  • INCOME | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR
  • INCOME FOR THE HOMELESS = RAG PICKING + GARBAGE RECYCLING "Most of the homeless are rag-pickers, who collect, store and sell recyclable garbage. The Calcutta Riverside Beautification drive has made it difficult for them to survive as stocking garbage has been made a punishable offence,"
  • .queuing for food at calcutta rescue. .sanitation issues. .bathing in the streets is a common sight. FOOD & SANITATION | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR
  • 2.5 > VIRAL INFECTIONS... 2 > SKIN DISEASES... 1.4 > RESPIRATORY DISEASES... 10 > HEART & CIRCULATORY CONDITIONS... 1.9 > ALLERGIC DISEASES... HEALTH ISSUES | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR
  • MALNUTRITION: ANEMIA, DIABETES, ASTHMA, THYROID DISORDER .POOR SANITATION: MALARIA, DENGUE, HEPATITIS, TYPHOID, RABIES, LEPROSY, AIDS CHILDREN: MENTAL COMPLEXES, PHYSICAL IMBALANCES,
  • .pictorial instructions on medicine packets. ILLITERACY | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR .school for street slum children at calcutta rescue.
  • ..slums are a fire and safety hazard.. SAFETY & WELFARE | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR ..street children smoking and taking drugs..
  • A majority of them have no hope of ever getting out of the hole. "These people are caught in a VICIOUS TRAP. Since they are either homeless or reside in unregistered slums, they don't have IDENTITY PROOFS like voter's ID or ration card. As most of them have never voted, they don't form a vote bank to interest political parties. The marginalization becomes absolute as they cannot avail of poverty alleviation schemes," ~ said Action Aid regional manager Chittaranjan Mandal. IDENTITY & ABSOLUTE MARGINALIZATION | KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR
  • ..JOBS CREATED IN.. KOLKATA CITY... .. 0.81%. ..PRIMARY SECTOR... ..AGRICULTURE, MINING, FORESTRY... Part of the economy that is not taxed, monitored by the govt or inc. in GNP 15.49%. 60%.. ..SECONDARY SECTOR... INFORMAL SECTOR ..INDUSTRIAL & MANUFACTURING... 83.69%. ..TERTIARY SECTOR... ..SERVICE INDUSTRIES... .How does the Informal... . sector help create jobs?
  • OUT OF POVERTY MICROFINANCING KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR Mahabi Tiwari (54) selling vegetables at Dakkah Dari Slum Market. After her husband died 4 years ago Bandhan Micro Finance helped her set up a vegetable stall under their CSP program. Bandhan helps thousands of women pull themselves out of poverty and take charge of their own lives by providing small loans. OPPORTUNITY NOT CHARITY | EXTENDING MICROLOANS SO PPLE CAN BUY REVENUE PRODUCING ASSETS
  • Slum dweller Shila Rajput works as a cook in six different localities. Owning a cell phone has enabled him to be in constant contact with his employers, in case they are not at home they inform him in advance, saving him time and money on commuting. OUT OF POVERTY MICROFINANCING KOLKATA’S URBAN POOR OPPORTUNITY NOT CHARITY | FACILITATING COMMUNICATION | ENCOURAGING COMMERCE