LION / GAZELLE / ZEBRA / BUFFALO / WOLF / CHEETAH / KOALA
/ BABOON / ANTELOPE / NORTH AMERICAN PRONGHORN
Carnivore An animal that kills & eats other animals
A larger group of animals that live & eat
Herd An animal that eats meat
Two hard, pointed growths on the head of an
Prey An animal that eats only plants
An animal that is killed for food by another
The hard part on the bottom of some
PREY/ PREDATOR/ CARNIVORE/
HERBIVORE/ HORNS/ HOOF/HERD
A __________ is any animal that hunts and eats other animals,
which are called the __________. Generally, __________ are
predators and __________ are prey. To be successful hunters,
predators need to be able to see, smell or hear their prey. To
avoid being eaten, the prey have to run fast or defend themselves
by using their _________ or kicking with their ___________.
Predators are very important in the balance of nature, usually
hunting only the sick or weak members of a _________.
This leaves the strong and healthy animals to reproduce.
ON THE PLAINS
Read the facts below and decide whether they are true or false.
• Animals gathering in herds have a lower chance of escaping
• The cheetah is the fastest running animal in the world
• Zebras can put their heads down to feed and adjust their eyes to
watch for carnivores at the same time
• Carnivores run on tiptoes (=with just their toes touching the ground
the rest of the foot in the air)
• Gazelles have eyes on the sides of their heads and cannot see
• Antelopes’ ears can turn in different directions to watch out for
predators while they are feeding
• Many herbivores use hooves and horns to defend against predators
• Koalas sometimes sleep for up to 18 hours a day
WATCH THE VIDEO AND
VERBS STARTING WITH
In the video you heard “Herbivores manage to out-manoeuvre their enemies more
often than you can suppose” meaning they were more skilful than their enemies.
Complete the sentences below with other verbs with the prefix out paying attention to
• In the story, the wolf is stronger, but the fox manages to
• All things considered, the advantages clearly _____________ the
• In our class, the girls _____________ the boys.
• Last year Toyota ______________ other Japanese cars.
What do these verbs have in common?
All these verbs appear in situations where you
compare things, (i.e.: Fox and wolf, toyota & other
The cheetah is the world's fastest land mammal. With acceleration that would leave most automobiles in the dust, a cheetah can go from
0 to 60 miles (96 kilometers) an hour in only three seconds. These big cats are quite nimble at high speed and can make quick and
sudden turns in pursuit of prey.
Before unleashing their speed, cheetahs use exceptionally keen eyesight to scan their grassland environment for signs of prey—
especially antelope and hares. This big cat is a daylight hunter that benefits from stealthy movement and a distinctive spotted coat that
allows it to blend easily into high, dry grasses.
When the moment is right a cheetah will sprint after its quarry and attempt to knock it down. Such chases cost the hunter a tremendous
amount of energy and are usually over in less than a minute. If successful, the cheetah will often drag its kill to a shady hiding place to
protect it from opportunistic animals that sometimes steal a kill before the cheetah can eat. Cheetahs need only drink once every three
to four days.
Female cheetahs typically have a litter of three cubs and live with them for one and a half to two years. Young cubs spend their first year
learning from their mother and practicing hunting techniques with playful games. Male cheetahs live alone or in small groups, often with
Most wild cheetahs are found in eastern and southwestern Africa. Perhaps only 7,000 to 10,000 of these big cats remain, and those are
under pressure as the wide-open grasslands they favor are disappearing at the hands of human settlers.
Average life span in the wild:
10 to 12 years
3.5 to 4.5 ft (1.1 to 1.4 m); Tail, 25.5 to 31.5 in (65 to 80 cm)
77 to 143 lbs (35 to 65 kg)
PRESENT AN ANIMAL
UNDER THE FOLLOWING
Relationship with humans