Parties Defendant: Al GorePlaintiff: George W. Bush
SummaryOn Election night, it appeared as if Al Gore wouldwin the vote. However, the electors of the State ofFlorida could not decide on whom to pick becauseof the closeness of the vote. Katherine Harris,Secretary of State for the State of Florida, ordereda recount. George W. Bush petitioned this recountin hope to claim his presidency.
Arguments Bush Gore Bush argued that a Gore argued that the recount in the vote “intent of the voter” violated the Equal standard was sufficient Protection Clause of under the Equal the 14th Amendment Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment
The Decision The majority of the Federal Supreme Court Justices voted that the recount violated the Equal Protection Clause. The recount in Florida was dismissed. George W. Bush claimed his presidency. This case demonstrated how jurisdiction was utilized by the Federal Court over State Courts
Plaintiff and Accused The Plaintiff is the state of New Jersey, and the accused of this case is T. L .O.
Summary Two New Jersey girl students were accused of smoking cigarettes in the bathroom at school. The Assistant Principal decided to search T.L.O’ s purse. He found Marijuana, some money after further questioning; he found out that she was selling Marijuana . T.L.O said that the people violated the fourth amendment of the constitution.
Arguments The Assistant Principal T.L.O believed that the decided to search Assistant Principal of T.L.O without a her school violated the warrant, but had high Fourth Amendment of suspicion about the the Constitution, substances in the items especially her right in T.L.O’s purse against Search and Seizure
Court Decision The Supreme Court of New Jersey ruled that the search of T.L .O’s purse was unconstitutional. When the case went to the Supreme Court, they ruled in favor of New Jersey, and not in favor of her.
Ruling of the Case The Supreme Court also ruled that school officials did not need a warrant to be able to search her; moreover, the Justices say that the officials do not need a probable cause to search her. Not only does this case demonstrate Jurisdiction throughout the Federal Courts and the State Courts, but it does show that school administration has the right to look through personal belongings if they have credible evidence