Spleen
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Spleen

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Spleen Spleen Presentation Transcript

  • SPLEEN
    Maria A Gomez
  • Spleen is an important internal organ that is on average not larger than the size of a fist.
    It’s part of the circulatory system.
    It acts as a filter for blood.
    Not vital for human survival.
    What is a SPLEEN?
  • The spleen removes old red blood cells (erythrocytes) from the blood supply.
    Also removes, stores and produces white blood cells (lymphocytes).
    FUNCTIONS
  • The spleen is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen.
    It’s protected by the rib cage.
    WHERE IS THE SPLEEN LOCATED
  • Red and pulpy
    The red pulp consist of blood vessels. (The red pulp filters the blood)
    Average of 12 cm long, 7cm high and 4 cm thick.
    Average weight (normal adult spleen) 0.44 lbs.
    Characteristics
  • ABNORMALITIES
    ENLARGED SPLEEN
    SICKLE CELL DISEASE
    THROMBOCYTOPENIA
    SPLEEN CONDITIONS
  • A doctor can tell if a spleen is enlarged by pressing hard on the belly under the rib cage.
    UNTRASOUND
    MRI
    BONE MARROW BIOPSY
    LIVER AND SPLEEN SCAN
    CT SCAN
    SPLEEN EXAMINATION
  • Sometimes splenectomy is required due to a rupture caused by injury or if damaged due to a disease.
    Although you could survive without a spleen, it decreases the ability to fight infections. Other organs (liver) will take over some of the functions.
    Spleen removal
  • McDowell, Julie (2004). The Lymphatic System
    WEB MD Spleen= Retrieved June 11, 2011 from http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/picture-of-the-spleen
    References