As there are more stakeholders, sharing information becomes exponentially more complicated.Sometimes the problem isn’t not enough Information, but too much information (Drinking from a Firehose) – esp. with social mediaWhat’s the solution?
Look at 2 hospitals wanting to share information.1. Maybe they have their own computer systems – but maybe they are different systems (private/public hospitals, hospitals in different regions) – it’s hard to standardise HMIS.2. They need to share information – so maybe they pick up the phone, or send an email3. This may work for 2 hospitals, but what about 10, 100?
Data standards allow computers to talk to each other – across different systems.
What’s the solution?
Triage ApplicationLost Person Finder
Disaster Rick Reduction WebsiteGeographic data such as the cyclone tracks can be imported from other systems
Located approximately 100 hospitals within 24 HoursUsed by Haitian Ministry of Health and the Pan American Health Organization
Why wait until a disaster/pandemic?Prepare by collecting this information Crowdsourcing – like wikipedia – but emphasise “trusted network”
Why wait until a disaster?
Sahana Open Source Humanitarian Software Project Pandemic Preparedness Forum Bangkok, Thailand, 5th April 2011 Michael Howden firstname.lastname@example.org
Overview Challenges of Information Management Benefits of Data Standards Sahana Open Source Software Open Global Health Facility Registry
Public Doctors Government Agencies Farmers Media Vets UN Agencies Hospitals Pharmaceutical Companies
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ED Status Bed Capacity Services ?
EDXL-HAVE Data Standard <HospitalBedCapacityStatus> <BedCapacity> <Bed>AdultICU</Bed> <Capacity> <CapacityStatus>Vacant/Available</CapacityStatus> <AvailableCount>10</AvailableCount> <BaselineCount>30</BaselineCount> </Capacity> </BedCapacity> ED Status Bed Capacity Services
EDXL-HAVE Emergency Data Exchange Language Hospital Availability Exchange XML based - Open / Free to use Governed by Oasis www.oasis-open.org A “Language” for sharing information Other relevant data standards: CAP: Common Alerting Protocol PFIF: Person Finder Interchange Format
Sahana Software Foundation Supporting Open Source Software & Open Standards for Disaster Management Supported by a community of organisations, companies and volunteers Used in many contexts, including: New York City for Coastal Storm Planning National Library of Medicine (USA) DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) Project Portal Organisation & Hospital Registry in Haiti
Open Global Health Facility Registry Create a list of EVERY Health Facility in the World Building on the Sahana Open Source Software proven in Haiti Hospital Registry “Web Services” to Import/Export data Rapid Application Development Platform “Crowdsourcing” the data collection Collaboratively by a trusted network Government, NGOs, Companies, Communities