Sahana :
Case Studies
3 November 2010, Sahana Camp
Fran Boon & Michael Howden
fran@sahanafoundation.org
michael@sahanafoun...
Overview
• Haiti Earthquake, January 2010
• Food Requests Portal
• Pakistan Floods, July 2010
• Veracruz Cyclone, Septembe...
Haiti, January 2010
Rapidly-changing
requirements
• Missing Person Registry
• Mapping
• Organization Registry
• Hospital Management
• Voluntee...
Missing Person Registry
• We persuaded the response community to
standardize on PFIF as a tool for
interoperability
• Goog...
PFIF
Mapping
• High-resolution Satellite Imagery
available quickly (26 hrs)
• OpenStreetMap volunteers used this & old
printed ...
Mapping
• Texts from people trapped
under the rubble were
geolocated using these
maps
• 1st
Responders were given
coordina...
Organization Registry
• Army of volunteers input data from a
multitude of spreadsheets
– We had the best data & it was acc...
Request Management
• ‘Closing the Loop’ for data from:
– SMS (4636)
– Twitter (Tweak the Tweet)
• Matching Requests with P...
Food Requests Portal
• World Food Programme
• Implementing Partners request Food
deliveries for their zones
• WFP approves...
Pakistan Floods 2010
• Largest Emergency in History of UN
• Community response effort
• Worked with Rotary Club in Pakista...
Sahana Didn’t Work!
• When a disaster hits it is too late to deploy
• Lack of baseline data – locations
• No Urdu translat...
Veracruz, September 2010
What went well?
• Rapid setup of Infrastructure, so users
could focus on usage
• they took full ownership of data whilst w...
DRR Project Portal
• A website to facilitate coordination and
collaboration on Disaster Risk Reduction
(DRR) projects
• As...
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)
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Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)

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  • Highlights the value of the EDEN approach.
  • Lax building regulations combined with poverty meant the vulnerability was higher than necessary.
  • Highlights the value of the EDEN approach.
  • Hurricane Katrina in the US had 50 different MPRs without any interoperability!
    PFIF: Person Finder Interchange Format
    We helped Google fix their implementation of PFIF.
  • http://hepl.nlm.nih.gov/inw/
  • MGRS coordinates which is what US Responders wanted
  • Hospital AVailability Exchange
  • http://epic.cs.colorado.edu/
    Project EPIC
    Empowering the Public with Information in Crisis
    Use requires modifications of Tweet messages to make information pieces that refer to #location, #status, #needs, #damage and several other elements of emergency communications more machine readable.
  • Display WMS, KML & Internal Resources over an OpenStreetMap base layer (or Google, or Yahoo)
  • Hurricane Karl
  • Lessons Learnt from PK!
  • Sahana : Case Studies (SahanaCamp 1.2)

    1. 1. Sahana : Case Studies 3 November 2010, Sahana Camp Fran Boon & Michael Howden fran@sahanafoundation.org michael@sahanafoundation.org
    2. 2. Overview • Haiti Earthquake, January 2010 • Food Requests Portal • Pakistan Floods, July 2010 • Veracruz Cyclone, September 2010 • DRR Project Portal
    3. 3. Haiti, January 2010
    4. 4. Rapidly-changing requirements • Missing Person Registry • Mapping • Organization Registry • Hospital Management • Volunteer Registry • WFP: Food Request Portal
    5. 5. Missing Person Registry • We persuaded the response community to standardize on PFIF as a tool for interoperability • Google provided a multilingual widget for embedding into sites • US National Library of Medicine built a Sahana front-end called iWall
    6. 6. PFIF
    7. 7. Mapping • High-resolution Satellite Imagery available quickly (26 hrs) • OpenStreetMap volunteers used this & old printed maps to quickly cover Port-au-Prince • These were made available as basemaps on handheld GPS
    8. 8. Mapping • Texts from people trapped under the rubble were geolocated using these maps • 1st Responders were given coordinates for where to look & had the GPS basemaps
    9. 9. Organization Registry • Army of volunteers input data from a multitude of spreadsheets – We had the best data & it was accessible • Hospital Management – We had the best data & it was accessible – EDXL-HAVE compliant • Volunteer Management – Built in 48 hours!
    10. 10. Request Management • ‘Closing the Loop’ for data from: – SMS (4636) – Twitter (Tweak the Tweet) • Matching Requests with Pledges • RSS feeds provided by these projects were parsed & put into new UI
    11. 11. Food Requests Portal • World Food Programme • Implementing Partners request Food deliveries for their zones • WFP approves & schedules collection or delivery (with armed escort, where- requested) • SMS Notifications
    12. 12. Pakistan Floods 2010 • Largest Emergency in History of UN • Community response effort • Worked with Rotary Club in Pakistan • Rapidly implemented new structured data models • Implemented new features: • Rapid Assessment Tool • Right to Left support • Mapping Tools • Inventory
    13. 13. Sahana Didn’t Work! • When a disaster hits it is too late to deploy • Lack of baseline data – locations • No Urdu translation • Poor SMS infrastructure • Crowd-sourcing failed • Inter-Organisational vs. Intra-Organisational
    14. 14. Veracruz, September 2010
    15. 15. What went well? • Rapid setup of Infrastructure, so users could focus on usage • they took full ownership of data whilst we focussed on Infrastructure • Locations Hierarchy available in Wikipedia • we prioritised this before release • Localisation into Spanish • Flexible use of Google Maps instead of OSM
    16. 16. DRR Project Portal • A website to facilitate coordination and collaboration on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) projects • Asia Disaster Preparedness Center • International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Asia Partnership

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