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Measles:AiA007

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My Powerpoint Presentation about Measles

My Powerpoint Presentation about Measles

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  • why disabling this presentation, it's very usefull for me in Afica,teaching nursing students,etc
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  • 1. MEASLES Pia Verea de Guzman Evangelista
  • 2. MEASLES
    • OVERVIEW
    • DEFINITION OF TERMS
    • ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
    • SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
    • DIAGNOSIS & ASSESSMENT
    • MANAGEMENT
    • NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES
    • PREVENTION & CONTROL
    • UPDATES
  • 3. MEASLES: OVERVIEW
    • KEY FACTS
    • Measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children even though a safe and cost-effective vaccine is available.
    • In 2008, there were 164 000 measles deaths globally – nearly 450 deaths every day or 18 deaths every hour .
    • More than 95% of measles deaths occur in low-income countries with weak health infrastructures .
    • Measles vaccination resulted in a 78% drop in measles deaths between 2000 and 2008 worldwide.
    • In 2008, about 83% of the world's children received one dose of measles vaccine by their first birthday through routine health services – up from 72% in 2000.
  • 4. MEASLES: OVERVIEW
    • Philippines’ Epidemiology
    • Measles outbreak declared in 6 areas
    • February 22, 2010 by JERRIE ABELLA, GMANews.TV
    • Dr. Eric Tayag of the DOH National Epidemiology Center said these areas are
    • 1-Baseco Compound and 2-Moriones in Tondo, Manila;
    • 3-Barangay Pulang Lupa in Las Piñas City;
    • 4-Balabagan town in Lanao del Sur;
    • 5-Central Market in Dasmariñas, Cavite;
    • 6-San Francisco town in Quezon.
  • 5. MEASLES: OVERVIEW
    • A total of 570 cases of measles have been recorded from January to February 5 this year, according to the DOH, with children aged one to nine as its common victims.
    • … reminded parents to have infants undergo vaccination as early as nine months after birth, saying the reason behind outbreaks is the high percentage of children who were not vaccinated.
  • 6. MEASLES: OVERVIEW
    • MORBIDITY & MORTALITY
    • DEATH is due to complication, e.g. Pneumonia
    • usually in children under 2 years of age.
    • SEVERITY may occur in MALNOURISHED children with 95 – 100% Fatality.
  • 7. ETILOGIC AGENT – SOURCE OF INFECTION
    • Morbilli-virus
    • Secretion of nose and throat of infected persons
    MEASLES: OVERVIEW
  • 8.
    • Measles is caused by a virus in the paramyxovirus family. The measles virus normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs. Measles is a human disease and is not known to occur in animals.
    • Measles is a highly contagious, serious disease caused by a virus.
    • It remains one of the leading causes of death among young children globally, despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine. An estimated 164 000 people died from measles in 2008 – mostly children under the age of five.
    MEASLES: OVERVIEW
  • 9.
    • Measles is still common in many developing countries – particularly in parts of Africa and Asia . More than 20 million people are affected by measles each year. The overwhelming majority (more than 95%) of measles deaths occur in countries with low per capita incomes and weak health infrastructures .
  • 10. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
    • Viral infections.  These occur when a virus penetrates the stratum corneum and infects the inner layers of the skin. Example viral skin infections include herpes simplex, shingles (herpes zoster) and warts. Some systemic viral infections, such as chicken pox at measles, may also affect the skin. Viral infections cannot be cured with antibiotics.
  • 11. DEFINITION OF TERMS
    • branny desquamation - The shedding of the epidermis in the form of fine scales. ( http://free-medical-dictionary.net/branny+desquamation.html )
  • 12.
    • morbilliform rash: morbilliform Latin, measles like consisting of fine, discrete rash ( http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/morbilliform+rash )
  • 13.
    • Koplik's spots: Little spots inside the mouth that are highly characteristic of the early phase of measles (rubeola). The spots look like a tiny grains of white sand, each surrounded by a red ring. They are found especially on the inside of the cheek (the buccal mucosa) opposite the 1st and 2nd upper molars. Named for the New York pediatrician Henry Koplik (1858-1927) who described them.
    • From http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=6481
  • 14.
    • Definition of CATARRH
    • : inflammation of a mucous membrane; especially : one chronically affecting the human nose and air passages
    • Origin of CATARRH
    • Middle English catarre, from Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French catarrhe, from Late Latin catarrhus, from Greek katarrhous, from katarrhein to flow down, from kata- + rhein to flow — more at stream First Known Use: 15th century
  • 15.
    • Post nasal drip is an unscientific term that refers to the sensation of thick phlegm in the throat, which can become infected. It is annoying because normally the throat is moistened by the nasal secretions and throat mucous glands. This is part of the mucous - nasal cilia system that defends us from disease. When the amount of liquid secreted by the nose and sinus is reduced, and the cilia of the nose and sinus slow down, the fluid thickens and you become aware of its presence. Since the thick phlegm is unpleasant and often infected because it is "just laying there" and not moving, our bodies naturally try to get rid of it, to the annoyance of our partners. Whether caused by pollution, chemical exposure, or severe infection, the treatment requires that the cilia mucous system be brought back to normal.
    • http://www.ent-consult.com/pnd.html
  • 16. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
    • The first symptoms:
    • bad cold-a runny nose
    • sneezing
    • a high fever
    • a sore throat
    • a hacking cough
    • Swelled lymph nodes in neck
    • feel very tired
    • May have diarrhea and red, sore eyes .
    • Secondary symptoms:
    • red spots: generalized, maculopapular , erythematous rash
    • inside your mouth koplik spots
  • 17. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
    • It usually takes 8 to 12 days to get symptoms after you have been around someone who has measles (Incubation period).
    • When adults get measles, they usually feel worse than children who get it.
  • 18. MEASLES: OVERVIEW
    • ERUPTION: 2 days of Coryza
    • ---having grayish pecks ( Koplik spots )
    • found in the inner surface of the cheeks
    • Morbilliform Rash appears on the 3 RD OR 4 TH day
    • affecting face, body and extremities
    • endind in branny desquamation.
    • CATARRHAL SYMPTOMS:
    Postnasal drip or Running nose
  • 19. MEASLES: MODE OF TRANSMISSION
    • DROPLET SPREAD or DIRECT CONTACT with infected persons
    • INDIRECTLY through articles freshly soiled with secretions of nose and throat
    • AIRBORNE in some instances
  • 20. MEASLES: SUSCEPTIBILITY, RESISTANCE AND OCCURENCE
    • ALL PERSONS ARE SUSCEPTIBLE
    • BABIES born of mothers who had the disease DURING PREGNANCY are IMMUNE for the first few months of life.
    • PERMANENT ACQUIRED IMMUNITY:
    • after ATTACK of Measles
  • 21. MEASLES: MANAGEMENT
    • 10 days from exposure to appearance of FEVER
    • 14 days until rash disappears
    • PERIODS OF CORYZA or
    • - 9 days from 4 days BEFORE rash appears
    • -9 days AFTER 5 days rash appears
    • Incubation Period
    • Period of Communicability
    CATARRHAL symptoms
  • 22. MEASLES: METHODS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL
    • CONTROL
    • ISOLATION of cases from Diagnosis until 5-7 days after rash onset
    • DISINFECTION of all soiled articles with throat and nose secretions
    • PREVENTION
    • IMMUNIZATION/ Administration of Measles Immune Globulin spec. to Infants and Children UNDER 3 years of age
    • VOID exposure to any person with FEVER or with ACUTE CATARRHAL SYMPTOMS
  • 23. NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MEASLES
    • PROTECT EYES of patients from Glare of Strong Light to prevent inflammation
    • WELL VENTILATION: a room free from drafts and chilling to avoid complications of Pneumonia
    • HEALTH TEACHING (Teach, Guide & Supervise):
      • Correct Technique of giving a Sponge Bath
  • 24. NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MEASLES
    • VERIFY MEDICATIONS: all treatment and corrections should all be prescribed by the physician
  • 25.  
  • 26.
    • REFERENCES:
    • www.who.int
    • www.children.webmd.com
    • www.wikipedia.com
    • www.gmanews.tv