Dyslexia By Alyssa Huckleberry
What is it? <ul><li>Dyslexia is a learning disability that hinders a person’s  ability to read, write, spell, and sometime...
Signs a Student May be Dyslexic <ul><li>Stuttering </li></ul><ul><li>Has trouble tying shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Is late to ...
Three types of Dyslexia <ul><li>Visual Dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory Dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Dysgraphia </li></ul...
Visual Dyslexia <ul><li>Numbers and letters are reversed </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols are not written in the correct sequence...
Auditory Dyslexia <ul><li>Student has difficulty processing sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Student has trouble sounding out lett...
Dysgraphia <ul><li>Student has difficulty  </li></ul><ul><li>holding/controlling a  </li></ul><ul><li>pencil  </li></ul><u...
Three Sources of Dyslexia <ul><li>Trauma dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Primary dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary/Developme...
Trauma Dyslexia <ul><li>Occurs as a result of brain trauma or injury to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent dyslexia </l...
Primary Dyslexia <ul><li>Malfunction in the cerebral cortex  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>left side of the brain </li></ul></ul><...
Secondary/Developmental Dyslexia <ul><li>Result of abnormal hormonal development during the early development of the fetus...
Benefits of Dyslexia (Because God is amazing and there is always reason to celebrate!) <ul><li>Dyslexic individuals are mo...
Teaching Dyslexic Students <ul><li>Use a  multi-sensory  approach to teaching: have the student hear, see, say, and then d...
References <ul><li>Nemours. “Dyslexia.” 2010.  http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/learning_problem/dyslexia.html   ...
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Dyslexia

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Dyslexia

  1. 1. Dyslexia By Alyssa Huckleberry
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Dyslexia is a learning disability that hinders a person’s ability to read, write, spell, and sometimes speak </li></ul><ul><li>Dyslexia is an impairment in the brain’s ability to translate images received from the eyes and ears into understandable language </li></ul>Nemours (2010)
  3. 3. Signs a Student May be Dyslexic <ul><li>Stuttering </li></ul><ul><li>Has trouble tying shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Is late to establish a dominant hand </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot pinpoint words that rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Is easily confused by directions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot tell right from left, over from under, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixes up words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Aminal” instead of animal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Has trouble writing the alphabet in order </li></ul>Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc. (1998)
  4. 4. Three types of Dyslexia <ul><li>Visual Dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory Dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Dysgraphia </li></ul>MedicineNet.com (2010)
  5. 5. Visual Dyslexia <ul><li>Numbers and letters are reversed </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols are not written in the correct sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Most common learning disability in children </li></ul>
  6. 6. Auditory Dyslexia <ul><li>Student has difficulty processing sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Student has trouble sounding out letters or groups of letters </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dysgraphia <ul><li>Student has difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>holding/controlling a </li></ul><ul><li>pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Student struggles </li></ul><ul><li>with fine motor skills </li></ul>
  8. 8. Three Sources of Dyslexia <ul><li>Trauma dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Primary dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary/Developmental dyslexia </li></ul>Davis Dyslexia Association International (2010)
  9. 9. Trauma Dyslexia <ul><li>Occurs as a result of brain trauma or injury to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>Least common form of dyslexia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Primary Dyslexia <ul><li>Malfunction in the cerebral cortex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>left side of the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even as adults, these individuals cannot read above a 4 th grade level </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic/hereditary form of dyslexia </li></ul><ul><li>More commonly found in boys than girls </li></ul>
  11. 11. Secondary/Developmental Dyslexia <ul><li>Result of abnormal hormonal development during the early development of the fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Diminishes as the child matures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With practice, this form of dyslexia can be mastered completely </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More commonly found in boys than girls </li></ul>
  12. 12. Benefits of Dyslexia (Because God is amazing and there is always reason to celebrate!) <ul><li>Dyslexic individuals are more intuitive and creative than the average individual </li></ul><ul><li>Dyslexic students excel at hands-on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Dyslexic students think in pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Dyslexic students are visual, multi-dimensional thinkers </li></ul>Davis Dyslexia Association International (2010)
  13. 13. Teaching Dyslexic Students <ul><li>Use a multi-sensory approach to teaching: have the student hear, see, say, and then do something related to the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Use flash cards </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students to think about the way the mouth needs to move to make sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Tape classroom lessons and homework assignments for the student </li></ul><ul><li>Give the student extra time on tests </li></ul>Dyslexia Teacher (2010)
  14. 14. References <ul><li>Nemours. “Dyslexia.” 2010. http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/learning_problem/dyslexia.html </li></ul><ul><li>Davis Dyslexia Association International. “Dyslexia the Gift.” 09 July 2010. http://www.dyslexia.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>MedicineNet.com “Dyslexia.” 2010. http://www.medicinenet.com/dyslexia/article.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Dyslexia Teacher. “Teaching Methods for Dyslexic Children.” 2010. http://www.dyslexia-teacher.com/t6.html </li></ul><ul><li>Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc. “Summary of Warning Signs.” 1998. http://www.dys-add.com/symptoms.html#sum </li></ul>
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