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  • 1. Dyslexia By Alyssa Huckleberry
  • 2. What is it?
    • Dyslexia is a learning disability that hinders a person’s ability to read, write, spell, and sometimes speak
    • Dyslexia is an impairment in the brain’s ability to translate images received from the eyes and ears into understandable language
    Nemours (2010)
  • 3. Signs a Student May be Dyslexic
    • Stuttering
    • Has trouble tying shoes
    • Is late to establish a dominant hand
    • Cannot pinpoint words that rhyme
    • Is easily confused by directions
      • Cannot tell right from left, over from under, etc.
    • Mixes up words
      • “ Aminal” instead of animal
    • Has trouble writing the alphabet in order
    Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc. (1998)
  • 4. Three types of Dyslexia
    • Visual Dyslexia
    • Auditory Dyslexia
    • Dysgraphia
    MedicineNet.com (2010)
  • 5. Visual Dyslexia
    • Numbers and letters are reversed
    • Symbols are not written in the correct sequence
    • Most common learning disability in children
  • 6. Auditory Dyslexia
    • Student has difficulty processing sounds
    • Student has trouble sounding out letters or groups of letters
  • 7. Dysgraphia
    • Student has difficulty
    • holding/controlling a
    • pencil
    • Student struggles
    • with fine motor skills
  • 8. Three Sources of Dyslexia
    • Trauma dyslexia
    • Primary dyslexia
    • Secondary/Developmental dyslexia
    Davis Dyslexia Association International (2010)
  • 9. Trauma Dyslexia
    • Occurs as a result of brain trauma or injury to the brain
    • Permanent dyslexia
    • Least common form of dyslexia
  • 10. Primary Dyslexia
    • Malfunction in the cerebral cortex
      • left side of the brain
    • Even as adults, these individuals cannot read above a 4 th grade level
    • Genetic/hereditary form of dyslexia
    • More commonly found in boys than girls
  • 11. Secondary/Developmental Dyslexia
    • Result of abnormal hormonal development during the early development of the fetus
    • Diminishes as the child matures
      • With practice, this form of dyslexia can be mastered completely
    • More commonly found in boys than girls
  • 12. Benefits of Dyslexia (Because God is amazing and there is always reason to celebrate!)
    • Dyslexic individuals are more intuitive and creative than the average individual
    • Dyslexic students excel at hands-on learning
    • Dyslexic students think in pictures
    • Dyslexic students are visual, multi-dimensional thinkers
    Davis Dyslexia Association International (2010)
  • 13. Teaching Dyslexic Students
    • Use a multi-sensory approach to teaching: have the student hear, see, say, and then do something related to the lesson
    • Use flash cards
    • Teach students to think about the way the mouth needs to move to make sounds
    • Tape classroom lessons and homework assignments for the student
    • Give the student extra time on tests
    Dyslexia Teacher (2010)
  • 14. References
    • Nemours. “Dyslexia.” 2010. http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/learning_problem/dyslexia.html
    • Davis Dyslexia Association International. “Dyslexia the Gift.” 09 July 2010. http://www.dyslexia.com/
    • MedicineNet.com “Dyslexia.” 2010. http://www.medicinenet.com/dyslexia/article.htm
    • Dyslexia Teacher. “Teaching Methods for Dyslexic Children.” 2010. http://www.dyslexia-teacher.com/t6.html
    • Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc. “Summary of Warning Signs.” 1998. http://www.dys-add.com/symptoms.html#sum