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Dyslexia
 

Dyslexia

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    Dyslexia Dyslexia Presentation Transcript

    • Dyslexia By Alyssa Huckleberry
    • What is it?
      • Dyslexia is a learning disability that hinders a person’s ability to read, write, spell, and sometimes speak
      • Dyslexia is an impairment in the brain’s ability to translate images received from the eyes and ears into understandable language
      Nemours (2010)
    • Signs a Student May be Dyslexic
      • Stuttering
      • Has trouble tying shoes
      • Is late to establish a dominant hand
      • Cannot pinpoint words that rhyme
      • Is easily confused by directions
        • Cannot tell right from left, over from under, etc.
      • Mixes up words
        • “ Aminal” instead of animal
      • Has trouble writing the alphabet in order
      Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc. (1998)
    • Three types of Dyslexia
      • Visual Dyslexia
      • Auditory Dyslexia
      • Dysgraphia
      MedicineNet.com (2010)
    • Visual Dyslexia
      • Numbers and letters are reversed
      • Symbols are not written in the correct sequence
      • Most common learning disability in children
    • Auditory Dyslexia
      • Student has difficulty processing sounds
      • Student has trouble sounding out letters or groups of letters
    • Dysgraphia
      • Student has difficulty
      • holding/controlling a
      • pencil
      • Student struggles
      • with fine motor skills
    • Three Sources of Dyslexia
      • Trauma dyslexia
      • Primary dyslexia
      • Secondary/Developmental dyslexia
      Davis Dyslexia Association International (2010)
    • Trauma Dyslexia
      • Occurs as a result of brain trauma or injury to the brain
      • Permanent dyslexia
      • Least common form of dyslexia
    • Primary Dyslexia
      • Malfunction in the cerebral cortex
        • left side of the brain
      • Even as adults, these individuals cannot read above a 4 th grade level
      • Genetic/hereditary form of dyslexia
      • More commonly found in boys than girls
    • Secondary/Developmental Dyslexia
      • Result of abnormal hormonal development during the early development of the fetus
      • Diminishes as the child matures
        • With practice, this form of dyslexia can be mastered completely
      • More commonly found in boys than girls
    • Benefits of Dyslexia (Because God is amazing and there is always reason to celebrate!)
      • Dyslexic individuals are more intuitive and creative than the average individual
      • Dyslexic students excel at hands-on learning
      • Dyslexic students think in pictures
      • Dyslexic students are visual, multi-dimensional thinkers
      Davis Dyslexia Association International (2010)
    • Teaching Dyslexic Students
      • Use a multi-sensory approach to teaching: have the student hear, see, say, and then do something related to the lesson
      • Use flash cards
      • Teach students to think about the way the mouth needs to move to make sounds
      • Tape classroom lessons and homework assignments for the student
      • Give the student extra time on tests
      Dyslexia Teacher (2010)
    • References
      • Nemours. “Dyslexia.” 2010. http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/learning_problem/dyslexia.html
      • Davis Dyslexia Association International. “Dyslexia the Gift.” 09 July 2010. http://www.dyslexia.com/
      • MedicineNet.com “Dyslexia.” 2010. http://www.medicinenet.com/dyslexia/article.htm
      • Dyslexia Teacher. “Teaching Methods for Dyslexic Children.” 2010. http://www.dyslexia-teacher.com/t6.html
      • Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, Inc. “Summary of Warning Signs.” 1998. http://www.dys-add.com/symptoms.html#sum