The Beginning Get their attention Too often in a speech, the first few minutes of the presentation are lost while people adjust their coats, drift in with coffee and finish the conversation they were having with the person next to them. You only have a limited time and every minute is precious to you so, from the beginning, make sure they pay attention. Establish a theme Basically, you need to start the audience thinking about the subject matter of your presentation. This can be done by a statement of your main objective, unless for some reason you wish to keep it hidden. They will each have some experience or opinions on this and at the beginning you must make them bring that experience into their own minds.
The Beginning Present a structure If you explain briefly at the beginning of a talk how it is to proceed, then the audience will know what to expect. This can help to establish the theme and also provide something concrete to hold their attention. Ultimately, it provides a sense of security in the promise that this speech too will end. Create a rapport If you can win the audience over in the first minute, you will keep them for the remainder. You should plan exactly how you wish to appear to them and use the beginning to establish that relationship. You may be presenting yourself as their friend, as an expert, perhaps even as a judge, but whatever role you choose you must establish it at the very beginning.
1. Body language Posture Body movement “gesture” Hand and arm gestures Facial expressions Eye contact
2.Vocal Traits Intonation: The modulation , pitch, variation and inflection in your voice Volume Rate Fillers Enunciation
3. Space and objects Seating arrangement Height and distance Objects Dress
4. Practice and arrangements Practice techniques: Avoid reading and memorizing Rehearse out loud and on your feet Memorise three key parts Concentrate on your introduction Practice with your visuals Improve your delivery Simulate the situation Time yourself
4. Practice and arrangements Arrangement reminders: Arrive30 min earlier Check the room, the visual aids yourself
5.Physical relaxation techniques Exercise Try progressive relaxation Breathe deeply Relax specific body parts Neck and throat Shoulders Arms Hands Face
5.Physical relaxation techniques Prepare your voice Be awake and rested Take a hot shower Drink warm liquids Avoid dry mouth Warm up your vocal cords During the presentation Drinkwater Breathe deeply
6.Mental relaxation Think positively To feel brave act as if you are brave Repeat positive words Think judgmentally: Don’t blame yourself during the talk Use a positive self-image: Visualize yourself as successful Put yourself “in character” of a good speaker Think of yourself as the guru Don’t think while you are waiting or talking
6.Mental relaxation Connect with the audience: Meet them and greet them Remember they are individuals Imagine you are speaking to a friend Befriend the audience Transform negative to positive
7.Last-minute relaxation Manage your physical symptoms: Isometric exercise Take a deep breath Sip water Improve your mental state Give yourself a pep talk Play up the audience reception Repeat positive phrases
7.Last-minute relaxation Relax as you speak Speak to the motivational listeners Talk to some one in the back Remember that you look better than you think you do Forget about how you look and sound Concentrate on the here and now