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The Future of Air Traffic Control system Present by: AHMED S. ALQAHTANI
Table of Contents• Abstract• Introduction• ATC system development in future.• Major systems in development• The airport as an operation system.• System development of ATC.• Conclusion• Glossary• Figures• References
AbstractAir Traffic Control system has developed in predecessor and it’s necessary to developed this system to avoid air traffic collisions, I displayed here in slides the system developed stages and future of ATC system thru satellite .
IntroductionThe United States air traffic control system is safest in the world. Federal Aviation Administration and its Air traffic organization work continuously to improve the system.The next generation will transform the national airspace system from one that is based on ground radars to one that uses satellite technology.
ATC System development in futureNextGen will have the technology and infrastructure necessary to handle the increasing air traffic expected in the coming decades. Satellite-based navigation will allow aircraft to fly more direct routes and navigate around inclement weather which will increase airspace capacity and reduce delays.
There are around 7,000 aircraft in the air over the United States at any given time.
Major systems in development• 120. Satellite system: a system using earth satellites can provide worldwide navigation coverage with the accuracy associated with line-of-sight frequencies.• 121. Microwave Landing System: More flexible approach paths in while ILS has served well.• 123. Collision-Avoidance System: Two aircraft on parallel tracks may pass each other very closely.
The Airport as an operation system• The airport as systemAirport forms an essential part of the air transport system. therefore, the point of interaction of the three major components of the air transport system:The airport, including for these discussion purpose the airways control system – The airline – The user.
Source: Airport Operations by Norman Ashford, H. Stanton, and Clifton Moore , chapter 1,Table 1.1The diagram attempts to show how these interactions produce the prime parameters of operationalscale. Passenger demand , airport capacity, and flight capacity.
System development of ATC:• Stage 1 : Procedural ATC SystemStage 1 ATC system use procedural method, they requires - flight plan - paper strips - radio system.• Stage 2: Procedural ATC with radar assistanceIn 1960s ATC began to use radar with surveillance approach radar (SAR). Radar could be use to monitor aircraft thru Instrument landing system (ILS).
• Stage 3: The first-generation “automated” ATC system.Radar and computer, radar provide real-time surveillance within ATCC.• Stage 4: Current generation radar and computer-based ATC system.A modern automated ATC system is illustrated, with tactical and strategic controllers on modern flight deck.
Source : Hirst, Mike, The Air transport systemThe FDP and RDP functions of the generation have had flow management processor (FMP) capability integrated,and support – information system (SIS) processing function also integrated.
ConclusionsAs FAA moved transition of ATC system from radar-based to satellite based. controllers and pilots will have the advantage of this technology.Satellite-Technology will allow controllers to guide aircraft in more direct routes through the nations airspace.
GlossaryATC Air traffic controlFMS Flight management systemPFD Primary flight displayND Navigation displayFIR Flight information regionAFTN Aeronautical fixed telecommunication networkVHF Very high frequencyANSP Air-navigation service providerATCC Air traffic control centerAFCS The automatic flight control systemFMS The flight management systemEFIS The electronic flight instrumentation systemECAM The electronic centralised aircraft monitoringEICAS engine instrumentation and centralised aircraft systemGPWS Ground-proximity warning systemEGPWS Enhanced GPWSTCAS Traffic conflict-alerting systemRDP Radar-data processorFAA Federal Aviation AdministrationILS Instrument Landing SystemICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
Figures• 1.2 Fundamentals of Radar Signal Processing, Mark A. Richards.• 1.3 Airport Operations by Norman Ashford, H. Stanton, and Clifton Moore. Chapter one.
References• Source : FAA in URL http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/briefing/• Hirst, Mike, The Air transport system, Part II System elements• Airport Operations by Norman Ashford, H. Stanton, and Clifton Moore.• Electronics Engineers Handbook, Donald G. Fink, Sec.25-120, 121, 123.