Philosophy presentation port


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Philosophy presentation port

  1. 1. LAW AND PHILOSOPHY Genetically Modified Food (GMF) increase productivity againstnegative impact on the environment 1
  2. 2. What is Genetic Modified Food ?The term genetically-modified food orgenetically-modified organism is commonly referto crop plants which was created for human oranimal by using biological technique. It was only a food items that have undergo DNA change through some procedure. The process involve combining a different genes of another organisms which the resulting organism is called genetically modified or genetically engineered. The main purpose of the food being modified is to enhance desired traits such as increase or improved nutritional content. 2
  4. 4. PHILOSOPHER background Dr Ibrahim b. Syed was born in South India and he have received his academic education at Ibrahim Syed University of Mysore. Other than that he have obtained his doctor of Science degree in 1972 in Radiological Sciences. He was born in Lebanon. Dr Katme have received his medical doctorate from Cairo University in 1970. Other than that, he specialized inMajid Katme psychiatry and has become an important man in United Kingdom for rising issues on medical ethics and family issues. Currently he is one of chairman in the Islamic Medical Association of the United Kingdom 4
  5. 5. Fatima Agha al-HayaniFatima is a lecturer and a court Cardinal Renato Martinoexpert on Islamic Jurispudence. Cardinal Renato is and ItalianShe has the specialty in Islamic Cardinal Deacon which born on 23 Family Law. Other than that, Novermber 1932 in Salerno where she was one of the active he was appoint as a priest in 1957. presenter of workshops on He have a doctorate in Canon law and have mastered a several Islam, Islamic Law, Women in languages fluently. At early age, he Islam and in the Arab World, entered the Vatican’s diplomaticthe Middle eastern History, and service in 1962 and served at last but not least regarding to several places such as Philiphines society and culture of Islam and Canada. 5
  6. 6. PHILOSOPHY Ibrahim Syed • -Opinion - Quranic verse forbidding man from defacing God’s creation “ cannot be invoked as a total and radical ban on genetic engineering.... if carried too far, it would conflict with many forms of curative surgery that also entail some change in God’s creation” Majid Katme • -Opinion- quotes copiously from the Quran, “there is no need for genetic modification of food crops because God created everything perfectly and man does not have any right to manipulate anything that god has created using His divine wisdom. 6
  7. 7. Cardinal Renato Martino• -Opinion – Supports genetic modification of food as an answer for world starvation and malnutrition and because “scientific progress was part of the divine plan”Fatima Agha al-Hayani• -Opinion – she contends that Muslims must ensure that genetic modification “may remain mercy-driven” and promote righteousness. 7
  8. 8. Islamic View on GMF 8
  9. 9. Complex issues : • Whether a certain • Muslim concern on food is “halal” or not the food purity which although there is absorb by the body as already a certainly it is a need to have a part of it but it cause good health in order difficulty after the to run our daily life as food is modified. a muslim. 9
  10. 10. To make easy of Muslims must connect scientific knowledge all muslims and and ethical behavior not to tortured based on faith ISLAMIC PRINCIPLES Islam view has not prohibitedAll the thing that been as long as the development ofdone must be parallel technology is parallel with thewith what is right and principle of Islam and not over rule any of those principle of what is wrong life in Islam 10
  11. 11. Genetically modified food Argument will violate certain Islamic by Muslims principles that people scholars should help the needy without being motivated by profit All the food is consume bythe body, and as a muslim if the food bring and cause Whether the harm to the body it is Genetically “Haram” and is not a food modified food do in that should be consume fact prevent harmIf it affect the biodiversity it can be regarded as harmful 11
  12. 12. Status of “halal”: The Islamic There is still In Malaysia Jurisprudence a doubts there is Council and among Biosafety Islamic Food muslims as and Nutrition Act which there is no make label Council of evidence America take for saying the the position genetically that the Genetically modified modified Genetically food modified food food is is ‘Halal’ ‘Halal’ 12
  13. 13. GROUP OPINION : Fatima Agha Al-Hayani (PREFERRED) -Muslims must ensure that genetic modification “may remain mercy- driven and promote righteousness”. Fatima Agha Al-Hayani parallel with -As long as the technology do not cause Islamic principle. harm to the people or the environment it -As a human we should help other will be regarded as safe and be accepted by human beings. the people -All the flaw of the food should be overcome by doing research as this food have its own benefit to help-The aim of modifying the food itself should those in need be same which is to help those in need as the food supply is not enough to support billion of people which increase from time to time 13
  14. 14. Fatima Agha Al-Hayani (PREFERRED) cont. -There is a potentialdanger of the Genetic modified food, - however we have to -The researcher shouldsee beyond the scope play an important role toas it can actually give search more ways tobenefit to the people overcome or minimize the risk or problem relating to the genetic modified food 14
  15. 15. Research by Graham Brookes and Peter Barfoot -“ the environmental impact” of pesticide and herbicide use in genetic modified food have been reduced by 15% and 20% respectively -Genetic modified -The genetically food improved modified food or -The genetic crops is more production which modified food efficient which it mean the amount of require fewer cuts emissions and land needed forpesticides which as a save energy used planting or farming is result it lowers rate less and therefore is of food poisoning conserve theand can keeps water environment from sources clean ‘BEFORE AND AFTER’ being explored to much 15
  16. 16. I. Unintended Harm To Other Organisms - to createGM plants that are male sterile (do not produce pollen)or to modify the GM plant so that the pollen does notcontain the introduced gene.-cross-pollination would not occur, and if harmlessinsects such as monarch caterpillars were to eat pollenfrom GM plants, the caterpillars would survive.II. Reduced Effectiveness Of Pesticides-to create buffer zones around fields of GM cropsIII. Gene transfer to non-target species-Gene transfer to weeds and other crops would notoccur because the wind-blown pollen would not travelbeyond the buffer zone. 16
  17. 17. • However, we must proceed with caution to avoid• Many people feel that causing unintended harmgenetic engineering is to human health and thethe inevitable wave of environment as a result ofthe future and that we our enthusiasm for thiscannot afford to ignore powerful technology.a technology that hassuch enormouspotential benefits. • Genetically-modified foods have the potential to solve many of the worlds hunger and malnutrition problems, and to help protect and preserve the environment by increasing yield and reducing reliance upon chemical pesticides and herbicides. 17