Law of the sea tribunals orders russia to free greenpeacers

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  • 1. Law of The Sea Tribunals Orders Russia To Free Greenpeacers Facts The Greenpeacers on board the Artic Sunrise had interfered with the operation of the Artic first privatised oil-drilling platform from Russia operating in northern territory of Russia. Fearing that the drilling might lead to an environmental disaster, the Greenpreacers took aggressive actions such as climbing the platform and disturbing its operation. Caught and detained in St. Petersburg prison, the bail was paid yet the Greenpeacers continued to be under detention which leads to the Netherland bringing an action against Russia for the freeing of the Greenpeacers. Possible international law conflict includes the status of the Greenpacers while on board the vessel in territorial sea of Russia as the coastal State. Legal Principles Article 19(1) of UNCLOS, a passage is innocent so long as it is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal State. Further along the same article, numerous activities are listed as to fall under the above description ranging from practice of weapons to interferences with the coastal State’s communication or other facilities. In relation to that, Article 27(1) follows the description of criminal jurisdiction of coastal State where it should not be exercised on board a foreign ship passing through the territorial sea to arrest any person or to conduct any investigation in connection with any crime committed on board the ship during its passage subject to few exceptions sharing the same theme as those provided for in Article 19(1) Opinion Actions taken by the Greenpeacers on board the Artic Sunrise, albeit with noble intention, nonetheless may amount to direct interference thus not covered by the privilege provided for under Article 19(1). However, the tribunal decision that was partially based on UNCLOS in ordering the freeing of the Greenpeacers by the Russian shows the unwillingness of the Russian in obeying the principles stated in UNCLOS. This decision however manage to show part of the effectiveness in enforcing UNCLOS in practice.