Outline• Introduction• Abortion• Timeline• Charts and Numbers• Roe v Wade: The Case (Abortion)• Roe: Her Side• Wade: His Side• Background of the Case• Case 1• Supreme Court• Conclusion• Methods of Abortion
Abortion : the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterusin order to end a pregnancy.Any of various surgical methods for terminating a pregnancy,especially during the first six months.A vacuum aspiration abortion at eight weeksgestational age (six weeks after fertilization).1: Amniotic sac2: Embryo3: Uterine lining4: Speculum5: Vacurette6: Attached to a suction
•Abortion in Islam: Abortion in Islam is allowed in the firsttrimester, but after that it is not allowed. Some scholars haveargued that it is not allowed at all, because the fetus is a life but ithas been argued if it is a full life or a partial life..•Abortion in Christianity: Christians (especially Catholics) arestrictly against Abortion, because of the nature of the fetus.•Abortion in Judaism: In Judaism abortion is alike Christianity butnot as strict, it is allowed if it will harm the mother but it is notallowed if the fetus has any imperfections.
1850 to 1900Starting with Massachusetts,nearly all states pass lawsbanning abortion1962 to 197321 states legalized abortion(rape, fetus damage, health risks)Jan 22, 1973Roe v Wade:U.S. Supreme Court legalizesabortion in all states. Except inlate trimesters (excludinghealth risk cases).*1976 to 2000The Roe v Wade case openedup a door for many othercases in the subject ofabortion.* After the Roe v Wade caseabortions increased.Till this day,cases go onand on in thissensitivesubject.
•The alias "Jane Roe" wasused for Norma McCorvey.•Texas•Lawyer: Sarah Weddington•She received the alias JaneRoe (female version of JohnDoe)•She faked that she has beenraped, and every time she goesto the abortion clinic thegovernment closes the itJane RoeSarah Weddington
• He was the Defendant of the case•He was the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas,Henry B. Wade.Wade
• In 1973, it was up to states to make laws aboutabortion.•Many states banned abortion•Case had significant laws on abortion•Jane Roe’s best argument was women rights and theright to privacy
• The First Trial was held in Texas, District Courtfor the Northern District of Texas•The Judges agreed that it violated Ms. Roe’s Right,but did not change the law for all pregnantwomen
• Roe v Wade was moved to the Supreme Court•The Court concluded that:-•During the first trimester it was allowed,without interference• During the second trimester it wasallowed, the state could only regulatethem for safety not prohibit it•During the third trimester it was illegalJustice HarryBlackmun
•The Roe v. Wade case demonstrate the interestingway the American legal system makes decisions inmoral matters.•This ruling was questioned many times after 1973•In general, the legal status of abortion today isthe same as decided in this ruling•Jane Roe was the waypoint to legalizing abortionin the U.S.
Pro – Life Protestors(Against Abortion)Pro – Choice Protestors(For Abortion)
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28Vacuum AspirationMedical AbortionD & EInductionWeeks since onset of last menstrual period*Dates correspond to when each procedure is generally available. Individual providers mayhave somevariation in what procedures they offer and when.
Medical Abortionand Vacuum AspirationMedical• High success rate (about 95-99%)• Usually avoids surgical procedure• Requires at least two visits• Abortion occurs within 24 hours ofsecond medication, for most women• May be used in early pregnancy• Oral pain medication can be used• Some of the process may happen athome• Medications cause a process similarto a miscarriageVacuum Aspiration• High success rate (99%)• Instruments inserted into theuterus• Can be done in one visit• Procedure is completed in 5-10minutes• May be used in early pregnancy• Anesthesia/Sedation can be used• Procedure is done in a medicaloffice or clinic• Health care provider performs theprocedure
• generally before 9 weeks• 2000: FDA approves Mifeprex®
• Mifepristone is an anti-progesterone– trophoblast separation from endometrial wall– sensitizes myometrium to prostaglandins– softens cervix• Misoprostol is a prostaglandin– uterine contractions– expulsion of products of conception
Mechanism of Action:Mifepristone + MisoprostolMifepristone-Induced AbortionRhythmicUterineContractionsProgesterone BlockadeDecidualNecrosisCervicalRipeningDetachment ExpulsionAbortion
•Vaginal administration of misoprostol–Lower incidence of side effects compared tooral misoprostol–More rapid expulsion compared to oralmisoprostol–Increases efficacy of medical abortion forgestationsup to 63 days–Decreases continuing pregnancy rate
• Allergy to mifepristone, misoprostol, or otherprostaglandin analogues• Concurrent long-term systemic corticosteroid use• Chronic adrenal failure• Hemorrhagic disorder or concurrent anticoagulanttherapy• Intrauterine device in situ• Possible ectopic pregnancy• Inherited porphyria
• Pain• Bleeding• Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea• Short-term temperature elevation or chills• Headache, dizziness