Matteo Grazzi, La plataforma de Conectividad de las Américas


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  • High regional Broadband prices: OECD members GNI Per capita PPP year $35,130 GNI Per capita PPP month $2,927.50 Broadband prices - Average plans (U$ PPP/month) $50 Broadband prices - Average plans as % of monthly income 2% Latin America & Caribbean GNI Per capita PPP year $7,741 GNI Per capita PPP month $645.08 Broadband prices - Average plans (U$ PPP/month) $117 Broadband prices - Average plans as % of monthly income 18% Source: World Bank data Catalogue (2010 ) // Galperin and Ruzzier (2010, 2011)
  • The Global Information Technology Report 2012 The usage subindex assesses the individual efforts of the main social agents—that is, individuals, business, and government—to increase their capacity to use ICT, as well as their actual use in their day-to-day activities with other agents. It includes 15 variables. The individual usage pillar (seven variables) measures ICT penetration and diffusion at the individual level, using indicators such as the number of mobile phone subscriptions, individuals using the Internet, households with a personal computer (PC), households with Internet access, both fixed and mobile broadband subscriptions, and the use of social networks. The business usage pillar (five variables) captures the extent of business Internet use as well as the efforts of the firms in an economy to integrate ICT into an internal, technology-savvy, innovation-conducive environment that generates productivity gains. Consequently, this pillar measures the firm’s technology absorption capacity as well as its overall capacity to innovate and the pro-duction of technology novelties measured by the number of PCT patent applications. It also measures the extent of staff training available, which indicates the extent to which management and employees are better capable of identifying and developing business innovations. The government usage pillar (three variables) pro-vides insights into the importance that governments place on carrying out ICT policies for competitiveness and the well-being of their citizens, the efforts they make to implement their visions for ICT development, and the number of government services they provide online.
  • Mandates arising from the VI SoA:
  • Matteo Grazzi, La plataforma de Conectividad de las Américas

    1. 1. XV Cumbre reguladores y operadores AHCIET La plataforma de Conectividad de las Américas Matteo Grazzi Economista División de Competitividad, Tecnología e Innovación Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) Bogotá, 13 de Junio 2012
    2. 2. Dependiendo del tipo de servicios, los requisitos en términos de velocidad y tecnología difieren • Broadband provides internet connectivity at high speeds.Understanding broadband speed requirements for the “Home of the future”: 2 M bps 7 BA M óvil Mobile BB 7 bps 2M 0.2 M bps IP Telephony Telefonía IP 0.2 M bps 5 M bps Internet 1 0 M bps 1 M bps Video Telephony Vid eotelefonía 1 M bps Network 1 0 M bps Alm acenam iento 20 M bps Storage en Red 4 M bps Video Conference Vid eoconfere ncia 4 M bps 0.32 M bps SD TV 4 M bps 0.5 M bps JuegosOnline online 1 M bps games 0.5 M bps HD TV 1 2 M bps 0.7 M bps 3D TV 1 6 M bps *Broadband: Minimum of 0.2 Mbps to 100 Mbps
    3. 3. El uso y la demanda para todo tipo de servicios en línease espera que sigan creciendo en América Latina : peer-to-peer file sharing: ∆ 445% Source: Own elaboration, based on Informa Telecom & Media (2010)
    4. 4. La naturaleza del problema depende de las condiciones sociodemográficas y geográficas, que afectan el rendimiento financiero de las inversiones 1 PRIVATE: Households % Hogares • Urban dense areas of high density 100% • Usually exists more than one 3 infrastructure • The main problems are related to the 90% 2 regulatory framework and competition • Profitability is feasible: market dynamics 80% 2 PUBLIC/PRIVATE: Sin banda ancha 1 • Urban-rural areas with medium density • Mobile infrastructure is the best 70% technological option for voice and data services. PPPs needed • There are regulatory and infrastructure 60% problems. Public intervention may >>5.000 hog./mun. 25,000 hh./mun. accelerate broadband development. 50% • Profitability could be feasible > 10,000 hh./mun. >2.500 hog./mun. >>150 hog./mun. 2,500 hh./mun. 3 PUBLIC: 40% • Rural areas where specific intervention to guarantee Service / Universal Access is 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% needed and incentives are required Zona de muy baja penetración en BA % Municipios Municipalities • The main problem is the lack ofSource: García Zaballos, A (GSM) infrastructures • Profitability is not feasible: market failure
    5. 5. La experiencia demuestra que la tipología de intervención pública depende de las condiciones específicas que enfrenta cada paísHousehold Broadband Penetration High Significant role of government in rollout of core and access Med-High Level of infrastructure, either through strategic own and / or mandating regulatory / incumbent and regulatory / Level of government intervention policy policy changes to increase increases to enable service Intervention penetration development to stimulate demand and Investment model: Ownership / Med ensure BB availability to all services at PPP Growth in broadband adoption is affordable prices primarily driven by market forces. Major Investment model: PPP / Financial investments are from private sector incentives with the role of government typically limited to providing financial incentives Investment model: PPP / Financial Incentives Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Network Deployment Ecosystem Development Universal Access and Welfare • Deploy backbone network • Deploy high speed infrastructure in high • Stimulate further adoption through infrastructure economic areas development of public services targeted • Initiate policy enablers such as • Deploy access network to increase coverage in towards mass market and utility services infrastructure sharing to the low demand areas (financial incentive) • Ensure coverage of un-served / increase competition • In addition, develop services and applications to underserved areas drive usage / demand Source: Analysys Mason
    6. 6. Teniendo en cuenta la diversidad de la región, América Latina se enfrenta a diferentes desafíos que requieren respuestas distintas Source: Analysys MasonHousehold Broadband Penetration High Level of Med-High strategic regulatory / policy Intervention Med Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Network Deployment Ecosystem Development Universal Access and Welfare • Deploy backbone network • Deploy high speed infrastructure in high economic • Stimulate further adoption through infrastructure areas development of public services targeted • Initiate policy enablers such as • Deploy access network to increase coverage in the towards mass market and utility services infrastructure sharing to increase low demand areas (financial incentive) • Ensure coverage of un-served / underserved competition • In addition, develop services and applications to drive areas usage / demand
    7. 7. Países de todo el mundo han enfrentado este reto embarcándose en ambiciosos planes de expansión de banda Increase speed Increase coverage ancha Develop Universal Ireland UK Finland PlanCanada Under the National Broadband By 2012 intends to have 100Mbit/s to be available ThailandCAD225 million to Scheme the government is a universal service to nearly all Finns by the Developing a National Broadbanddevelop and contributing EUR79.8 million broadband commitment end of 2015implement a towards an investment of 2Mbit/s Republic of Koreabroadband programme of c.EUR223M KRW1.3 trillion to becoverage strategy invested to increasefor under-served speeds fromcommunities 100Mbits to 1Gbits by 2012 Japan Targeting overUSA 100Mbit/s for mobileUSD7.2 billion set aside to and 1Gbit/s for fixedexpand broadband access by 2015to un-served and under-served communities Singapore Brunei The Next Currently developing a Generation Broadband Portugal National Strategic Plan Public tenders Broadband issued to deliver Network will broadband across Australia deliver 1Gbit/s to the country at a 90% of homes, Spain 95% by mid-2012 minimum speed of Malaysia schools and Broadband added to 40Mbit/s The National workplaces will universal service France Germany Broadband Initiative receive 100Mbit/s requirement, 100% USD2.88 billion to By 2014, 75% of all plus high-speed broadband under basic broadband encourage service regions to have access to broadband National coverage targeted by provider network 50Mbit/s Internet via fibre, deployment to Broadband 2013 and extensive investments in cable or wireless increase penetration Network plans penetration of ultra-fast smaller cities and connections rate to 50% broadband by 2020 rural areas Sources: Government websites 7
    8. 8. Las dimensiones de la Banda Ancha en América LatinaHecho 1: Baja penetraciónHecho 2: Altos preciosHecho 3: Bajo uso
    9. 9. 1:Baja penetración
    10. 10. Heterogénea entre países
    11. 11. Y desigual dentro de cada país
    12. 12. En conclusión: Go Back Los países latinoamericanos tienen una penetración mucho menor de las TIC que los países de la OCDE Existen diferentes condiciones socio-demográficas y económicas a tener en cuenta La penetración móvil del 100% existe, como es la norma ahora casi todo el mundo, pero casi todos los teléfonos son de banda estrecha y no smartphones Hay una brecha entre la tasa de penetración móvil y la penetración de banda ancha móvil (oportunidad de crecimiento)
    13. 13. Hecho 2: Conexiones de baja velocidad a precios inaccesibles Go Back Average speed offered (Mbps) Broadband prices - Average plans Average price per Mbps (U$ PPP/Mbps) (U$ PPP/month) OECD countries pay, on average, only 6% of LAC prices per Mbps.Latin-America Average 2.32 117 136 Broadband prices - Average plans as a % of income per capita (U$ PPP/month) Source: GNI Per capita PPP year – Source: Galperin and Ruzzier (2010, 2011) OECD: 2% of monthly income World Bank data Catalogue (2010 ) LAC: 18% of monthly income 13
    14. 14. Hecho 3:Bajo uso por parte de todos los actores The usage subindex measures Information and Communication Technology (ICT) penetration and diffusion among the main social agents. The compounded subindex assesses individual efforts to increase their capacity to use ICT, as well as their actual use in their day-to-day activities with other agents. Source: Own elaboration, based on WEF, 2012
    15. 15. Estas dimensiones representan los mayores desafíos paraque la región y sus habitantes se beneficien de la bandaancha: Hecho 1: Baja penetración Desafio 1: Acceso universal Acceso Y también…. Servicios universales Hecho 2: Altos precios Desafio 2: Precios accesibles Adopcion Hecho 3: Bajo uso Falta de alfabetizacion digital Desafio 3: Uso Falta de contenidos locales
    16. 16. La región ha reconocido la necesidad de promover lapenetración de banda ancha y ha solicitado el apoyo delBID Recent Regional Political Acknowledgement and Agreements: • VI Summit of the Americas: “To foster increased connection of telecommunication networks in general, including fiber optic and broadband, among the region’s countries, as well as international connections, to improve connectivity, increase the dynamism of communications between the nations of the Americas…” (Cartagena, 2012) • The 12 members of the Union of South American Countries (UNASUR) agreed to address the region’s gap in broadband penetration (Brazil, 2011). • Caribbean Ministers of Telecommunications requested an assessment of countries’ broadband infrastructure and regulatory frameworks and training on the importance of broadband. (2011) …among others…
    17. 17. Una forma nueva y más eficiente de hacer lo que el Banco ya está haciendo: Social Integration Broadband as an enabler for INNOVATION Infrastructure Institutions & Environment
    18. 18. Un enfoque integral es necesario para aumentar el acceso, la adopción y el uso de servicios de banda ancha en la región:1 Políticas 2 3 4 Públicas y Construcción Regulación Infraestructura visión de capacidades estratégica Support efforts to Development of Increase the Development of update the broadband plans penetration of innovative services regulatory and broadband services and and applications and frameworks to strategies for applications through capacity reduce the prices digitalization thorough PPP and building of the public and evolve towards public investments and the private universality of Broadband sector Demand & Supply & Supply side Demand side Demand side Supply side
    19. 19. El Banco ya está apoyando a los países y desarrollando trabajo analítico 1 2 3 4Technical cooperation projects to: Public Regulation Infra- Capacity Policies structure buildingONGOING / ACTIVE:Develop Broadband Plans for Central AmericaDevelop National Plan of Connectivity in HaitiSupport in the development of the Broadband strategy forthe Government of HondurasWireless networks and services for social inclusion in theMunicipality of Guacarí in ColombiaBroadband network for YucatanIN-DESIGN / PIPELINE:Development of a Regional Public Good in the CaribbeanDevelopment of demonstration projects in Peru, Jamaica,Costa Rica and ParaguaySupport to UNASUR in the development of an optical fiberring for the 13 countries. Prefeasibility studiesKnowledge products and ESWs - Ongoing Cross-cutting work:•Development of a broadband index and a balance scorecard for the 26 countries•Econometric model to show the impact that broadband has on economic growth and productivity.•Development of broadband maps to open the dialogue on PPPs*TO DO:•Review the regulatory framework on spectrum management to launch “white spaces”•Study on funding / investment schemes for broadband deployment in the region *IFD is grateful to the Korean and Spanish Governments for their support and vision
    20. 20. El BID ha fortalecido sus vínculos con el sector privado: PPPs are an essential element in this effort: Therefore, in coordination with more than 25 representatives from the telecommunications industry worldwide, the Bank produced an action-oriented report stating the industry’s common position on how to accelerate broadband penetration in the LAC Region.
    21. 21. Como puede el BID apoyar a América Latina en estedesafío?El papel del BID: Continuar apoyando acciones específicas de acuerdo a su mandato de seguir haciendo lo que hacemos, pero hacerlo mejor Aprovechar el conocimiento disponible y la experiencia en sectores críticos para el desarrollo. Usar sus capacidades para seguir un enfoque integral para la expansión de la banda ancha en la región (4 pilares) Mantener alianzas estratégicas con otros organismos multilaterales y el sector privadoInstrumentos disponibles: Conjunto de instrumentos diversos para apoyar a los países: préstamos, cooperaciones técnicas no reembolsables, asesoría técnica, productos de conocimientos.
    22. 22. Para informacionesAntonio Garcia Zaballos antoniogar@iadb.orgMatteo Grazzi