18 analysis of a poem

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Exploring shakespeare's sonnet 18. Activity for Batxillerat.

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18 analysis of a poem

  1. 1. “ 18” ANALYSIS OF A POEM IES ‘JOAN MIRÓ ENGLISH DEPARTMENT AGUSTÍ LLOBERAS DEL CASTILLO
  2. 2. POETIC SCHEME
  3. 3. POETIC SCHEME (1) <ul><li>1. To begin with, we are going to need a definition of rhyme . Visit the Wikipedia . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Your definition must start like this. </li></ul><ul><li> Rhyme is … </li></ul>
  4. 4. POETIC SCHEME (1) <ul><li>1. To begin with, we are going to need a definition of rhyme . Visit the Wikipedia . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Your definition must start like this: </li></ul><ul><li>Rhyme is a repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words and is most often used in poetry . </li></ul>
  5. 5. POETIC SCHEME (2) <ul><li>2. There are different rhyme patterns. Visit the Wikipedia again to learn something about rhyme patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Read it through and go to exercise number 3. </li></ul>
  6. 6. POETIC SCHEME (3) <ul><li>Now that you know what rhyme is, pay attention to the rhymes in this poem. </li></ul><ul><li>Does it follow any of the patterns described in the article you have seen? Well, your answer must be yes! </li></ul><ul><li>Say which one. </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  7. 7. POETIC SCHEME (3) A day temperate Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee. Rhyme Pattern
  8. 8. POETIC SCHEME (3) AB ABCDCDEFEFG G day temperate May date shines dimm’d declines untrimm’d fade owest shade growest see thee Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee. Rhyme Pattern
  9. 9. POETIC SCHEME (4) <ul><li>What kind of poetic composition is the poem? How do you know it? </li></ul><ul><li>Your answer must look like this: </li></ul><ul><li>The poem is a ... </li></ul><ul><li>I know it because ... </li></ul>
  10. 10. POETIC SCHEME (4) <ul><li>What kind of poetic composition is the poem? How do you know it? </li></ul><ul><li>Your answer must look like this: </li></ul><ul><li>The poem is a sonnet. </li></ul><ul><li>I know it because it consists of three quatrains rhyming ABAB and a douplet rhyming AA and this is one of the patterns that sonnets follow. </li></ul>
  11. 11. POETIC SCHEME (5) <ul><li>So now, divide the poem in stanzas following the pattern you have described. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to do so, you must insert blank inter-linear spaces or lines in the appropriate places. </li></ul>
  12. 12. POETIC SCHEME (5) AB AB day temperate May date Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: CDCD shines dimm’d declines untrimm’d Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; EFEF fade owest shade growest But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: G G see thee So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee. Rhyme Pattern
  13. 13. POETIC SCHEME (6) <ul><li>By the way, who is the author? How do you know it? </li></ul><ul><li>Your answer must look like this: </li></ul><ul><li>The author is ... </li></ul><ul><li>I know it because ... </li></ul>
  14. 14. POETIC SCHEME (6) <ul><li>By the way, who is the author? How do you know it? </li></ul><ul><li>Your answer must look like this: </li></ul><ul><li>The author is William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>I know it because according to the Wikipedia, it is a Shakespearian Sonnet. There are other patterns for sonnets but Shakespeare followed this one. </li></ul>
  15. 15. POEM INTERPRETATION <ul><li>Now you know that we are analysing Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare . </li></ul><ul><li>Next we are going to understand the poem. But before that, you might like to listen someone sing it. </li></ul>
  16. 16. POEM INTERPRETATION Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
  17. 17. POEM INTERPRETATION (7) <ul><li>Find the words in their context and underline them to make an easier decision </li></ul><ul><li>First, say what their grammatical category is. </li></ul>
  18. 18. POEM INTERPRETATION (7) a) Temperate   b) Lease   c) Date d) Fair   e) Untrimmed   f) Owest   g) thou, thee, thy PRONOUN
  19. 19. POEM INTERPRETATION (7) <ul><li>Next, match the words (a-g) with the definitions (1-7). </li></ul><ul><li>Use a dictionary to help yourself. </li></ul>
  20. 20. POEM INTERPRETATION (7) a) Temperate   b) Lease   c) Date d) Fair   e) Untrimmed   f) Owest   g) thou, thee, thy PRONOUN 1. ( v ) It is the archaic form of own or possess.   2. ( n ) The owner of something allows someone else to use it for a period of time in return for money.   3. g ( pron ) You, to you, your.   4. ( adj ) This adjective is applied to something that is not neat, tidy, and attractive.   5. ( n ) This refers to the day something expires (a lease, a loan, etc).   6. ( adj ) this adjective is used to describe the weather when it is quite sunny and not raining. If you apply it to a person, you mean that they are beautiful like a sunny day.   7. ( adj ) You apply this adjective to a person’s behavior is calm and reasonable, so that they do not get angry or lose their temper easily.
  21. 21. POEM INTERPRETATION (7) a) Temperate   b) Lease   c) Date d) Fair   e) Untrimmed   f) Owest   g) thou, thee, thy 1. f ( v ) It is the archaic form of own or possess.   2. b ( n ) The owner of something allows someone else to use it for a period of time in return for money.   3. g ( pron ) You, to you, your.   4. e ( adj ) This adjective is applied to something that is not neat, tidy, and attractive.   5. c ( n ) This refers to the day something expires (a lease, a loan, etc).   6. d ( adj ) this adjective is used to describe the weather when it is quite sunny and not raining. If you apply it to a person, you mean that they are beautiful like a sunny day.   7. a ( adj ) You apply this adjective to a person’s behavior is calm and reasonable, so that they do not get angry or lose their temper easily.
  22. 22. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>Now answer these questions. Remember that you must use full sentences in your answers. </li></ul>
  23. 23. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>1. Pay attention to lines 1-4. What are two differences between the person adressed by the poet and a summer’s day ? </li></ul><ul><li>The poet says that the person adressed is more lovely and more temperate than a summer’s day. </li></ul>
  24. 24. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>2. What do you think Shakespeare means when he says, too hot the eye of heaven shines ? </li></ul><ul><li>The “eye of heaven” is the sun. It usually shines too hot in the summer. </li></ul>
  25. 25. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>3. The poem deals with someone’s youth and beauty. Do you think youth and beauty ever have an end? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I do. Youth and beauty are usually associated. They have an end with old age. However, one can be old and beautiful; then the end of beauty is death. </li></ul>
  26. 26. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>4. Does the poet say that there is a way to preserve youth and beauty? (your answer must be yes!). Where does he say so? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, he does. In the last section of the poem, he says that beauty and youth can disappear but they can last in the beauty of the poem. </li></ul>
  27. 27. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>5. What is the meaning of nature’s changing course ? </li></ul><ul><li>It means the process of getting old. </li></ul>
  28. 28. POEM INTERPRETATION (8) <ul><li>6. Read the last line: what does this refer to? </li></ul><ul><li>The word ‘this’ in the last line refers to the poem itself. The poet says that s o long the poem lives, it (the poem) will give ‘life to thee’. </li></ul>
  29. 29. POEM re-CREATION
  30. 30. POEM re-CREATION (9) <ul><li>We are going to pay attention to the frist quatrain: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Shall I compare thee to a summer 's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate : Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer 's lease hath all too short a date : </li></ul>
  31. 31. POEM re-CREATION (9) <ul><li>Shall I compare thee to a NOUN1 ’s NOUN2? </li></ul><ul><li>Thou art more +ADJ1 and more +ADJ2 : </li></ul><ul><li>ADJ3 NOUN3 do VERB the ADJ4 NOUN4 of TIME </li></ul><ul><li>And NOUN1 ’s NOUN5 hath all too -ADJ3 a NOUN6 </li></ul>
  32. 32. POEM re-CREATION (9) <ul><li>Remember these details: </li></ul><ul><li>+ADJ : adjective with positive connotation. </li></ul><ul><li>-ADJ : adjective with negative connotation. </li></ul><ul><li>TIME : time period such as Month, Day, year. </li></ul><ul><li>NOUN1 appears twice. Verses 1 and 4. </li></ul><ul><li>NOUN3 and NOUN4 are properties of the period of time you chose. </li></ul><ul><li>NOUN3 has an effect on NOUN4 . </li></ul><ul><li>If you need a rhyme, try this : www.rhymer.com/ </li></ul>

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