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MBA 609 Enterprise Resource Planning Software
Enterprise Resource Planning <ul><li>Basic need to monitor and control materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing indus...
SAP <ul><li>Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>SAP AG - german company </...
What is the SAP Software? <ul><li>SAP R/2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-tier architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainframe...
Business Environment <ul><li>“Leaner” & “meaner” </li></ul><ul><li>Effective & efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Faster, better,...
SAP R/2 <ul><li>Mainframe version </li></ul><ul><li>Not an earlier version of SAP R/3 </li></ul><ul><li>Still a major mark...
What is SAP R/3? <ul><li>Integrated software modules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financ...
R/3 Core Business Processes R/3 Core Business Processes Financial  Accounting Controlling Fixed Asset Management Project S...
R/3 Software Components Operating System Database Management System R/3 Database Server System R/3 Application Server Syst...
Openness: R/3 Technology Environment DB2 for OS/390 Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, OSF/Motif *, OS/2 Presentation Ma...
Benefits of SAP R/3 <ul><li>Best practices in industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmac...
Challenges & Limitations <ul><li>Education of top-level executives </li></ul><ul><li>Need to modify business processes </l...
Recommendations for Managers <ul><li>Take a socio-technical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Plan & manage the project </li></ul...
Recommendations for Managers <ul><li>Retain key personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Manage expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Train th...
Web Sites <ul><li>www.sap.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.cio.com/forums/sap-links.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://pro-connect.com...
Conclusion <ul><li>Critical to understand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the requirements of SAP R/3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the...
R/3 Decision is Like a ... <ul><li>Heart-lung transplant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You remove the basic lifeblood information ...
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SAP R/3

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  • Transcript of "SAP R/3"

    1. 1. MBA 609 Enterprise Resource Planning Software
    2. 2. Enterprise Resource Planning <ul><li>Basic need to monitor and control materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just-in-time inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ERP software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material Requirements Planning (MRP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small and large companies </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. SAP <ul><li>Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>SAP AG - german company </li></ul><ul><li>SAP R/2 - mainframe </li></ul><ul><li>SAP R/3 - client/server </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is the SAP Software? <ul><li>SAP R/2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-tier architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainframes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SAP R/3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Client/server software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three-tier architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MySAP.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-tier architecture </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Business Environment <ul><li>“Leaner” & “meaner” </li></ul><ul><li>Effective & efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Faster, better, & cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Year 2000 problem </li></ul><ul><li>Global markets </li></ul>
    6. 6. SAP R/2 <ul><li>Mainframe version </li></ul><ul><li>Not an earlier version of SAP R/3 </li></ul><ul><li>Still a major market share </li></ul><ul><li>Dow Chemical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of its applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still rolling out applications in SAP R/2 </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. What is SAP R/3? <ul><li>Integrated software modules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More than 70 modules </li></ul><ul><li>< 8,000 tables </li></ul><ul><li>Best practices in an industry </li></ul>
    8. 8. R/3 Core Business Processes R/3 Core Business Processes Financial Accounting Controlling Fixed Asset Management Project System Workflow Industry Solutions Sales & Distribution Material Management Production Planning Quality Management Plant Maintenance Human Resources R/3 Client / Server FI CO AM PS WF IS MM HR SD PP QM PM
    9. 9. R/3 Software Components Operating System Database Management System R/3 Database Server System R/3 Application Server System Presentation Client System
    10. 10. Openness: R/3 Technology Environment DB2 for OS/390 Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, OSF/Motif *, OS/2 Presentation Manager (PM), Macintosh *, Java ABAP/4, C, C++, HTML, Java OS/390 AIX Digital UNIX HP-UX Reliant UNIX (SINIX) SOLARIS Windows NT OS/400 Hardware Bull/Zenith Compaq Data General ... NCR Sequent SNI Digital HP (Intel) IBM (Intel) Bull Digital HP IBM SNI SUN UNIX Systems IBM AS/400 Operating systems Dialog SAPGUI Languages Databases IBM S/390 * not supported as frontend to AS/400 DB2 Common Server INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE DB2 Common Server INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE MS SQL Server DB2 for AS/400
    11. 11. Benefits of SAP R/3 <ul><li>Best practices in industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil & gas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Automated processes across functions </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple languages </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple currencies </li></ul>
    12. 12. Challenges & Limitations <ul><li>Education of top-level executives </li></ul><ul><li>Need to modify business processes </li></ul><ul><li>Training of employees </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul>
    13. 13. Recommendations for Managers <ul><li>Take a socio-technical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Plan & manage the project </li></ul><ul><li>Overcome resistance to change </li></ul><ul><li>Get support from senior management </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate all over </li></ul><ul><li>Hire competent consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Provide enough personnel </li></ul>
    14. 14. Recommendations for Managers <ul><li>Retain key personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Manage expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Train the employees </li></ul><ul><li>Do not modify the software </li></ul>
    15. 15. Web Sites <ul><li>www.sap.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.cio.com/forums/sap-links.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://pro-connect.com/sap-faq.html </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FAQ site for SAP R/2 and R/3 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.brint.com/ISResearch.htm </li></ul>
    16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Critical to understand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the requirements of SAP R/3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the consequences of adopting SAP R/3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the necessity of planning and managing an SAP project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the need to re-engineer core business processes </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. R/3 Decision is Like a ... <ul><li>Heart-lung transplant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You remove the basic lifeblood information systems of a business and replace them with completely new systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The operation and recovery is long and painful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the transplant is rejected, the patient may die </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If there is no transplant, the patient is likely to die sooner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a very serious strategic business decision </li></ul></ul>Perspective
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