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  • 1. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Ali KODAL Cagdas GUR Dalvin EBIWARE Ferdad MOTARJEMI Mustafa Gündeğer Project Group
  • 2.
    • What is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?
    • How ERP systems are implemented within companies?
        • Companies before ERP Systems
          • EMU Real Case Example
        • Companies after ERP Systems
          • EMU Real Case Example
          • Sap Program Structure in Printing Process
    • E.M.U. ERP Systems
    • ERP Software Companies
    • Istanbul Fast Ferries (IDO) Uses SAP
    • How Engineers benefits from ERP systems?
    • SAP shareholders
  • 3.
      • " CIM is the integration of total manufacturing enterprise by using integrated systems and data communication coupled with new managerial philosophies that improve organizational and personnel efficiency ."
    COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING - CIM
  • 4. Subsystems of CIM operation:
    • CAD/CAM (Computer-aided design/Computer-aided manufacturing)
    • ERP (Enterprise resource planning)
    • CAPP, (Computer-aided process planning)
    • CNC (computer numerical control) machine tools
    • DNC , direct numerical control machine tools
    • FMS , flexible machining systems
    • ASRS , automated storage and retrieval systems
    • AGV , automated guided vehicles
    • Robotics
    • Automated conveyance systems
    • Computerized scheduling and production control
    • CAQ (Computer-aided quality assurance)
    • A business system integrated by a common database.
    • Lean Manufacturing
  • 5. What is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?
    • ERP is an enterprise-wide information system designed to coordinate all the
      • resource s,
      • information,
      • activities needed
      • to complete business processes such as ;
        • order fulfillment
        • billing.
  • 6. How ERP Systems Works?
    • A typical ERP system would use multiple component of computer software and hardware to achieve integration
    • ERP delivers a single database that contains all data for the software module
  • 7.  
  • 8. Increased Increased Decreased Decreased Increased Increased QUALITY CUSTOMER SATISFACTION PRODUCTIVITY MARKET SHARE COST PROFIT ERP SOLUTIONS
  • 9. Solutions of ERP
    • Financial Management
    • Inventory Management
    • Purchasing
    • Sales Management
    • Production Planning
    • Advanced Visual Planning
    • Manufacturing Management
  • 10. How ERP systems are implemented within companies?
    • ERP Software Companies start analysing the prospective company(s), identifing their individual needs.
    • Setup of ERP systems
      • For Mid-size companies 5-12 months
      • Large Companies 6-18 months
  • 11. Companies before ERP Systems
  • 12. Example of EMU
    • Industrial Engineering Faculty wants to buy a new Printer.
    • For this reason Secretary gives a purchasing order by filling purchasing order forms.
    • Next slide shows how this purchasing request process flow was working before ERP systems.
  • 13. New Printer Purchasing Process
    • Purchase order form for a new printer
    • Head of Department Confirmation- Faculty Head
    • Purchase order document sent to E.M.U. Account Office
    • Account Office Secretary sents the purchase order to the Responsibles
    • Purchase order- Responsible personal Confirmation
    • Purchasing department- Manager Confirmation
    • Transfer to Finance Department Secretary for processing
    • Finance Department Responsible’s Confirmation
    • Transfer to Rector’s Office
    • Rector’s Secretary- Confirmation
    • Confirmation Transfer, to Purchase Department Secretary
    • Purchase Responsible personal commends with Purchase:
  • 14. Secretary’s New printer application Transfer to Finance Departmen Transfer to Accounting Office Transfer to Manager Transfer to Accounting Office Example: Before ERP Systems
  • 15. Companies after ERP Systems
  • 16. Example E.M.U. IE Faculty
    • Industrial Engineering Faculty wants to buy a new HP Printer.
    • For this reason Secretary gives a purchasing order with using E.M.U. Online ERP systems.
    • Next slide shows the purchasing order process flow with ERP Systems.
  • 17. E.M.U. After ERP Systems
  • 18.
    • Online Data Flow decreases the process time
    • Fast & Online Confirmation
    • Less Paperwork
    • No need for folder storage
    • Database Security
    • Less Employee needed
    • Easy Financial Management
    • Better Inventory Management
    In this real case there the benefits of the ERP systems
  • 19. Example E.M.U. IE Faculty
    • One of instructor gives printing order to the secretary.
    • Next slides shows the process flow and how the system works step by step.
  • 20.
    • SAP Program Structure in Printing Process
    number is sent to instructor and instructor filled a small paper work Secretary confirms on the SAP program secretary receives a code from program After signing the paper the form is sent to secretary Open program Request Form is selected for Printing Office.
      • Then the printing process drops to the list of the printing center.
    signed
  • 21. Printing Process Flow Diagram
  • 22. Printout Process of IE Department Secretary of the department opens SAP page.
    • security step 1 is for
    • IE DEPT
    • 2. security step 2 is for Administrator.
    User Password Sign In EMU Information Department
  • 23.
    • After Second step menu is shown
    Purchasing & Inventory Control Management Managerial Unit Request Printout Request List Confirmation Create Request Editting
  • 24.
    • 3. Request Form is selected for Printing Office.
    • 4. T hen, title of the request, course code, instructor name, work category, and office telephone number is filled by secretary
  • 25. Name Surname Phone Definitions Next Materials will be selling in bookstore Printout Subject of Request Printing Department Request Form Work type User
  • 26.
    • 5.S ecretary receives a number (code) from program.
    • 6.T his number is sent to the instructor and the instructor fill s a short form.
    • 7. After he/she signed the paper the form is sent to the secretary ;
    • 8.Secretary confirm s on the SAP program.
    • 9. Accounting office is informed and cost is calculated, check to see if Industrial Engineering has the required budget. After approval
    • 10.Then the printing process drops to the list of the printing center.
    • 11. Inventory management is informed.
    • 12. Purchasing Office is informed simultaneusly.
  • 27. EMU ERP SYSTEMS
    • 6.00cc SAP
    • ORACLE 10.2
    • MM MODULE Material Management
    • FI MODULE Financial Management
    • CO MODULE Controlling Operations
    • AA MODULE Asset Accounting
    • FM MODULE Funds Management
  • 28. What is SAP MM? SAP MM (Materials Management)
    • SAP MM i s a module is used for Procurement Handling and Inventory Management.
    • The module has two important master data - material and vendor .
    • Broadly, the various levels that can be defined for a SAP MM implementation are:
      • Client,
      • Company Code,
      • Plant,
      • Storage Location ,
      • Purchase Organization.
  • 29. Material Management ( MM ) LOGICAL STRUCTURE
    • vendor
    • supplier
    • production
    • Distribution
    • customer
  • 30. SAP FICO Financial Accounting (FI) Module
    • The SAP FICO module includes 2 major categories ;
    • Financials (FI)
    • Controlling (CO)
    • FI (Financial Accounting) module includes ;
      • A ccounts payable
      • A ccounts receivable
      • G eneral ledger
  • 31. Controlling (CO) Module
    • The CO (Controlling) Module has multiple configuration steps that must be followed for complete implementation of this module.
      • Cost Center
      • Order Management
      • Commitment Mgt
      • Profit Analysis
      • Acty-Based Costing
  • 32. ERP Software Companies & Marketshares Software Market Shar e SAP 15.6 Peoplesoft 4.9 Oracle 4.8 Baan 3.0 CA 3.0 JDE 2.2 SSA 2.1 GEAC 2.0 IBM 1.8 JBA 1.7 Others 59.0
  • 33. Istanbul Fast Ferries (IDO) Uses SAP Software
  • 34. Istanbul Fast Ferries (IDO)
    • Annually 91 million passanger
    • Annually 5,5 million vehicles
    • Dailly 1,200 navigation capacity
    • 90 Ships
    • 82 Terminals
    • 3,200 personel
    • 314 Million YTL endorsement
  • 35. MAINTENANCE FUEL PASSANGER PASSANGER PASSANGER EMPLOYEE SAP CENTER
  • 36.
    • SAP Systems arranges relationship between ;
    • shipping condition s ,
    • route determination,
    • shipping point ,
    • employee conditions,
    • fuel supply,
    • maintenance
    Combine t hese variables in order to determine optimal transportation mode and service levels.
  • 37. Controlling Module (CO)
    • IDO passanger can send SMS to IDO SAP system and get the information about shipping route times.
    • This process is a service of Controlling Module.
  • 38. Istanbul Fast Ferries SAP SYSTEM’s first step
    • PM Plant Maintanance
    • MM MODULE Material Management
    • CO-CCA MODULE Controlling Operations
    • FI MODULE Financial Management
      • FI-AA MODULE Asset Accounting
      • FM MODULE Funds Management
    • HR-PA Human Resource- Professional Association
  • 39. PM - Plant Maintenance
    • Equipment and Technical Objects (PM-EQM)
    • Preventive Maintenance ( PM-PRM)
    • Maintenance Order Management (PM-WOC)
    • Work Clearance Management (PM-WCM)
    • Information System (PM-IS)
    • Workflow Scenarios (PM/CS)
  • 40. Istanbul Fast Ferries SAP SYSTEM 2nd step
    • TR-CM Data Adjustment in Cash Management
    • TR-TM Treasury Management
    • HR-PD Human Resources Performance Evaluation
    • CO-PA Profitability Analysis
    • WF Work Flow
  • 41. Istanbul Fast Ferries
    • BENEFITS OF SAP SYSTEM FOR IDO
    • Increased efficiency of whole system,
    • Prevented from the same procedures repetition,
    • Easy access of any information from the huge databank,
    • Easy tracking and control of past transactions,
    • Standardization of transactions and information security, and
    • Measurable timing of transactions and delagation.
  • 42. How can Engineers benefit from ERP systems ?
  • 43. Usesful SAP Modules for Engineers
    • MM- Material Management
        • Better Procurement Handling
        • Orginized Inventory Management
        • Easy Purchase Organization
        • Faster Storage Location
    • PM – Plant Maintenance
        • Maintenance Order Management
        • Equipment and Technical Objects Coordination
        • Preventive Maintenance
        • Workflow Scenarios
        • Work Clearance Management
  • 44. PURCHASING INFO SYSTEM STOCK CONTROL MM Purchasing group Vendor Material group Material ABC analysis Production phase Storage Material Batch ABC analysis Stock value Planning Flexible analysis MM Information System
  • 45. Material management system is feed by the information that comes from ; - purchasing information system and , - stock control
  • 46. Mail Fax Telex Teletext Printer EDI OUTPUTS of ERP Systems DOCUMENTS Proposal Orders approval Delivery plans Shipping papers Warehouse check list Material document Accounting document Delivery/shipping document Invoice Dept & credit doc.
  • 47. SAP Packet Providers
  • 48. SAP Packet Providers

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