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Session 2. Winter Nelson - Discussant on ASF Value Chains
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Session 2. Winter Nelson - Discussant on ASF Value Chains

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  • 1. Comments onLivestock Value Chains andNutritional Status: Nairobi PilotAlex Winter-NelsonDept. of Agricultural and Consumer EconomicsUniversity of Illinois, Urbana-Champaignalexwn@illinois.edu
  • 2. My PerspectiveApplied EconomistCurrent work– Livestock and poverty/nutrition– Other end of value chain• Introduce dairy/meat production => immediate dietaryimprovement for poor producer AND neighbors• Constrained by underdeveloped value chain• Proposed research could substantiate assertions
  • 3. My UnderstandingDemonstrate Nutritional ProblemDemonstrate Weak ASF Val Chain=>Low ASF ConsumptionDemonstrate Weak ASF VC=>Low ASF Consumption=>Poor Nutritional OutcomeConfirm ASF => Improves Diet and Nutrition
  • 4. ChallengesParallel to Food Deserts LiteratureDoes higher cost to accessing healthy diet=>less healthy diet?Mind the Gap-- From End of Value Chain to HouseholdValue Chain ends with retail price (P)Household pays Consumer Transaction Cost + PBoth CTC and P matterVC is community level, CTC unique to hh
  • 5. What are these chainsPoultry Producer => Transporter => Processor=> Supermarket=> MarketGuy with Chickens=>guy on bicycle=>bus stop=>kioskNeighborhood producerEach VC=>outlet price.Each hh faces Retail Price Options AND UniqueCTCs. P and CTC affect consumption.
  • 6. So What?Variation not in which ASF VC exist by neighborhood(P). Mobility at some CTC to similar outlets, possibly outside neighborhood.Variation is likely in each household’s CTC for each VC(eg. location on VC) => Variation in behavior andoutcomesEmpirical Problem: P+CTC matterP is observed, but little variationCTC to VC used hard to measureCTC to unused VC unobservableCTC of hh that does not use ASF VC not observed.=> don’t know impact of lower costs on VC.
  • 7. Sensitivity to Price and CTCHigh CTC to consumer => less frequent purchaseHigh price => less consumptionLower costs on value chain => lower price at thatchainDo consumption patterns suggest price or CTCmatter more? (what VC to target)
  • 8. Food Desert ProblemIdentification of spatial overlap of poor diet andlimited retail presence not sufficient when CTC vary(why income is part of USDA food desert definition)Do we see improved nutrition where CTC +P islower? ≠Do we see nutritional variation with VC used?
  • 9. ChallengeMeasure performance and costs along VC.=>pricesLink the HH to the end of the VC,recognizing that access extends beyondcommunity.Measure CTC.Measure nutritional status.Relate CTC and P to Nutritional outcomes.GOOD LUCK
  • 10. ChallengeMeasure performance and costs along VC.=>pricesLink the HH to the end of the VC,recognizing that access extends beyondcommunity.Measure CTC.Measure nutritional status.Relate CTC and P to Nutritional outcomes.GOOD LUCK