Day 1 Session 2 Johnson_ Gender framework

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Gender Nutrition Methods Workshop- 2013

Gender Nutrition Methods Workshop- 2013

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  • 1. Gender and nutrition in CGIAR results frameworks Nancy Johnson, A4NH A4NH Gender-Nutrition Methods Workshop December 6-7, 2013 Nairobi, Kenya
  • 2. Generic CRP Results Strategy Framework CGIAR System Strategic goals CRP Strategic Goal 1 CRP Strategic Goal 2 System -evel outcomes (SLOs) 1. Reduction of rural poverty 2. Increase in food security 3. Improved nutrition and health 4. More sustainable management of natural resources CRP Impact Pathway 1 CRP Impact Pathway 2 CRP Impact Pathway n intermediate outcomes (direct benefits to beneficiaries or changes in enabling environment ) intermediate outcomes (direct benefits to beneficiaries or changes in enabling environment ) intermediate outcomes (direct benefits to beneficiaries or changes in enabling environment ) Immediate outcomes (capacity and practice) Immediate outcomes (capacity and practice changes)  immediate outcomes (capacity and practice changes) CRP activities and outputs (research, capacity building and engagement ) Intermediate development outcomes (IDOs) . Occur in part as a result of CRP research and other activities.
  • 3. What do we know about Intermediate Development Outcomes (IDOs)? • “Direct benefits to beneficiaries or changes in enabling environment” • Measured “at scale” – “millions instead of thousands” of people – “long term” (9-20 years in the future) • Total number of IDOs defined by CRPs: 20, 11 of which are “common” • Average number per CRP: 6
  • 4. Revised Common IDOs (from CRP-IDO Working Group Oct 2013) Productivity - Improved productivity in pro-poor food systems Food security - Increased and stable access to food commodities by rural and urban poor Nutrition - Improved diet quality of nutritionally-vulnerable populations, especially women and children Income - Increased and more equitable income from agricultural and natural resources management and environmental services earned by low income value chain actors Gender & Empowerment - Increased control over resources and participation in decisionmaking by women and other marginalized groups Capacity to Innovate - Increased capacity for innovation within low income and vulnerable rural communities allowing them to improve livelihoods Adaptive capacity - Increased capacity in low income communities to adapt to environmental and economic variability, shocks and longer term changes Policies – More effective policies, supporting sustainable, resilient and equitable agricultural and natural resources management developed and adopted by agricultural, conservation and development organizations, national governments and international bodies Environment - Minimized adverse environmental effects of increased production intensification Future Options - Greater resilience of agricultural/forest/water based/mixed crop livestock, aquatic systems for enhanced ecosystem services Climate - Increased carbon sequestration and reduction of greenhouse gases through improved agriculture and natural resources management
  • 5. Revised Common IDOs (from CRP-IDO Working Group Oct 2013) Productivity - Improved productivity in pro-poor food systems Food security - Increased and stable access to food commodities by rural and urban poor Nutrition - Improved diet quality of nutritionally-vulnerable populations, especially women and children Income - Increased and more equitable income from agricultural and natural resources management and environmental services earned by low income value chain actors Gender & Empowerment - Increased control over resources and participation in decisionmaking by women and other marginalized groups Capacity to Innovate - Increased capacity for innovation within low income and vulnerable rural communities allowing them to improve livelihoods Adaptive capacity - Increased capacity in low income communities to adapt to environmental and economic variability, shocks and longer term changes Policies – More effective policies, supporting sustainable, resilient and equitable agricultural and natural resources management developed and adopted by agricultural, conservation and development organizations, national governments and international bodies Environment - Minimized adverse environmental effects of increased production intensification Future Options - Greater resilience of agricultural/forest/water based/mixed crop livestock, aquatic systems for enhanced ecosystem services Climate - Increased carbon sequestration and reduction of greenhouse gases through improved agriculture and natural resources management
  • 6. Common Improved diet quality of nutritionallyvulnerable populations, especially women and children Nutrition IDO 1.1 Dryland Systems - Women and children in vulnerable households have year round access to greater quantity and diversity of food sources. 1.2 Humidtropics IDO2 - Increased consumption of safe, nutritious foods by the poor, especially among nutritionally vulnerable women and children 1.3 AAS IDO2 - Increased consumption of nutritious, safe foods by low income households in aquatic agricultural systems, especially by nutritionally vulnerable women and children 3.2 Maize IDO4 - Increased nutritional diet Contributing 3.3 GRiSP IDO6 - Improved nutrition status derived from rice consumption mainly to 3.4 RTB IDO4 - Increased consumption of safe and nutritious food by the SLO 3 Nutrition poor especially among the nutritionally vulnerable women and children & Health 3.5 Grain Legumes IDO3 - Increased consumption of healthy grain legumes and products by the poor for a more balanced and nutritious diet, 10 CRPs involved especially among nutritionally vulnerable women and children 11 IDOs 3.6 Dryland Cereals IDO3 - Increased consumption of nutritious dryland cereals by the poor, especially rural women and children 3.7 L&F IDO4 - Increased consumption of the target commodity responsible for filling a larger share of the nutrient gap for the poor, particularly for nutritionally vulnerable populations (women of reproductive age and young children) 4 A4NH IDO1 - Better diet quality
  • 7. Gender and empowerment IDO Common wording Increased control over resources and participation in decisionmaking by women and other marginalized groups Contributing mainly to SLO 1 Poverty Reduction 7 CRPs involved 7 IDOs 1.2 Humidtropics IDO5 - Increased control by women and other marginalized groups over integrated systems assets, inputs, decision-making and benefits 1.3 AAS IDO4 - Increased control of assets, inputs, decisionmaking and benefits by women and other marginalized groups in aquatic agricultural system 3.3 GRiSP IDO9 - Increased gender equity in the rice value chain 4 A4NH IDO3 - Empowerment 5 WLE IDO3 - Women and marginalized groups have improved decision making power over and increased benefits derived from agriculture and natural resources 6 FTA IDO3 - Greater gender equity in decision-making and control over forest and tree use, management and benefits are improved through women’s empowerment 7 CCAFS IDO2 - Increased control by women and other marginalized groups of assets, inputs, decision-making and benefits
  • 8. Illustrative framework for common IDOs
  • 9. CRP Proposed indicators/metrics for Nutrition IDO 1.1 Dryland Systems Improved knowledge and attitudes toward better nutrition, willingness to pay and trade for diverse and quality food. Indicators are mainly qualitative and Specific knowledge related questions included in cross-sectional surveys Increased food/crop diversity in farms, markets, and purchased by consumers. Increased dietary diversity of women and children using the FAO and WHO indicators of diet diversity Reduced seasonal vulnerability to food shortages – measured by months of inadequate food provisioning (FANTA indicator) and Household food insecurity access scale in “lean” season (FANTA indicator) 1.2 Humidtropics Changes in the diversity and quality of diets. Attitudes toward better nutrition, willingness to pay and trade for diverse and quality food. Food/crop diversity in farms, markets, and on the plate (household consumption). 1.3 AAS IDO2 - Increased consumption of nutrient rich small fish and vegetables by women and children Dietary diversity in women and in young children 3.2 Maize IDO4 Increased consumption of iron and zinc rich maize Increased consumption of lysine and tryptophan rich maize Increased consumption of pro-vitamin A rich maize Increased consumption dual purpose maize 3.1. WHEAT Diet diversity; intake of selected micronutrient by target population IDO 3.3 GRiSP IDO6 Increased consumption of iron and zinc rich rice Increased consumption of pro-vitamin A rich rice 3.4 RTB IDO4 Improvement in frequency of consumption of safe and nutritious foods by children under 5 yrs and women of reproductive age 3.5 Grain Legumes IDO3 3.6 Dryland Cereals IDO3 3.7 L&F IDO4 4 A4NH IDO1 Improvement in dietary diversity indices of target households Increases in consumption Increases in consumption and quality Increased consumption of nutritious dryland cereals by target populations Dietary diversity Dietary diversity Intake of select micronutrients by target population:
  • 10. CRP Proposed indicators/metrics for Nutrition IDO 1.1 Dryland Systems Improved knowledge and attitudes toward better nutrition, willingness to pay and trade for diverse and quality food. Indicators are mainly qualitative and Specific knowledge related questions included in cross-sectional surveys Increased food/crop diversity in farms, markets, and purchased by consumers. Increased dietary diversity of women and children using the FAO and WHO indicators of diet diversity Reduced seasonal vulnerability to food shortages – measured by months of inadequate food provisioning (FANTA indicator) and Household food insecurity access scale in “lean” season (FANTA indicator) 1.2 Humidtropics Changes in the diversity and quality of diets. Attitudes toward better nutrition, willingness to pay and trade for diverse and quality food. Food/crop diversity in farms, markets, and on the plate (household consumption). 1.3 AAS IDO2 - Increased consumption of nutrient rich small fish and vegetables by women and children Dietary diversity in women and in young children 3.2 Maize IDO4 Increased consumption of iron and zinc rich maize Increased consumption of lysine and tryptophan rich maize Increased consumption of pro-vitamin A rich maize Increased consumption dual purpose maize 3.1. WHEAT Diet diversity; intake of selected micronutrient by target population IDO 3.3 GRiSP IDO6 Increased consumption of iron and zinc rich rice Increased consumption of pro-vitamin A rich rice 3.4 RTB IDO4 Improvement in frequency of consumption of safe and nutritious foods by children and women of reproductive age Improvement in dietary diversity indices of target households 3.5 Grain Legumes IDO3 3.6 Dryland Cereals IDO3 3.7 L&F IDO4 4 A4NH IDO1 Increases in consumption Increases in consumption and quality Increased consumption of nutritious dryland cereals by target populations Dietary diversity Dietary diversity Intake of select micronutrients by target population
  • 11. Conclusion • Important to have IDOs well-articulated and understood, but the pathways are what we will actually use to design, implement, monitor and evaluate research in “real time” and make changes to ensure we are on track • Each CRP needs to develop its own, but they should reflect what is known about how agricultural research leads to development outcomes – Ensures consistency – Provide the basis for collaboration and mutual learning within and across CRPs, in research and evaluation