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Th5_Innovation systems: Making science work  for farmers… and beyond
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Th5_Innovation systems: Making science work for farmers… and beyond


3rd Africa Rice Congress …

3rd Africa Rice Congress
Theme 5: Innovation systems and ICT tools for rice value chain
Mini symposium 4: Making science work: building innovation systems
Author: Defoer

Published in Business , Technology
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  • 1. Innovation systems Making science work for farmers… and beyond Toon Defoer
  • 2. Current drivers … Policy (decentralisation, privatisation) Local diversity and context specific challenges
  • 3. Call for being …. • More innovative • More varied and “options” oriented • More adapted and flexible – To develop sustainable ways for • • • • Food security Income generation Poverty alleviation Natural resource conservation
  • 4. From single components to options for integration • Station (controlled) results often « disappointing » under farmer’s conditions • Cumulative effect of improvements e.g. water-fertility-weeds (in lowland rice systems) • Low precision systems require: – Diversity of alternative ‘options’ for integration – Farmers’ early involvement for local adaptation of possible improvements
  • 5. From Aid to Trade • Growing international (donor) interest in agricultural R & D • BUT: – Market-driven (inclusive) development – Benefits for both « the poor » and private sectors – North and South and South-South trade « Aid though trade »
  • 6. From Production to Agribusiness • Market first: demand driven and pull • Entrepreneurial spirit • Linking farmers to other value chain actors, like processors and sellers, retailers, … • Vertical integration of farmers into markets • Public-Private partnerships • Value chain efficiency and agri-food systems
  • 7. From Results to Impact • Emphasis on development outcomes in stead of research outputs • Act locally and market-led specific – But within national/regional/international context/issues – So to upscale – And to make significant impact.
  • 8. From Research to Innovation • Technology: only 1 dimension of current issues • Organisational and management dimensions are often the “root-cause” • Innovation = more than a “Product” but a “Process” of bringing: – New products – New ways of working – New organisational models Into economic use
  • 9. Building competences • To link research and education with development • For collective Innovation and Learning in agrifood systems • Beyond « individual » competences – Collective « team » action and learning – Change at organisational level – Building partnerships linking Research, Advisory services, Higher education, Farmer organisations, and the Private sector
  • 10. Learning for Innovation (L4I) Cycle Initiation Managed by an interinstitutional core group of « change agents » Flexible Planning Facilitation of collective learning Field application @ MSP level Review and Reflection Collaborative innovation/action
  • 11. Repeated L4I cycles Joint action learning addressing common development challenge
  • 12. Capacities required of interinstitutional core teams
  • 13. Capacity Development (CD) of the teams • Action-learning cycles • Knowledge • Skills • Attitude (Mindset) SKA wrkshp SKA wrkshp KSA wrkshp Reflection wrkshp Reflection wrkshp Field coaching Cycle 1 Reflection wrkshp Field coaching Cycle 2 Field coaching Cycle 3
  • 14. Combining L4I cycles with CD for management teams Initiation SKA wrkshp Flexible Planning Reflection wrkshp Field coaching SKA wrkshp Field application @ MSP level Review and Reflection Reflection wrkshp Reflection wrkshp Collaborative innovation/action SKA wrkshp Field coaching Field coaching
  • 15. Thank you