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Assessing impact of video and rural
radio on capital assets building with
smallholders rice processors in
Benin
Espérance ...
Outline
1. Introduction
2. Methodology

3. Results & Discussions
4. Conclusion
Outline
1. Introduction
2. Methodology

3. Results & Discussions
4. Conclusion
1. Introduction
• In Africa, agricultural extension services are under
constant pressure to face food insecurity & poverty...
Outline
1. Introduction
2. Methodology

3. Results & Discussions
4. Conclusion
2. Methodology
• The study was conducted in
2010 & 2012 in the north and
south of Benin
• 3 types of villages: 4 video, 4
...
• Based on qualitative research,
we formulated a questionnaire
• Before videos and radio, we
individually interviewed rice...
• Respondents rated capital stocks
on a 0–5 scale for 2010 & 2012
• A spider diagram was then
drawn with value 0 (no stock...
Outline
1. Introduction
2. Methodology

3. Results & Discussions
4. Conclusion
3.1 The components of the financial, social and
human capitals according to rice processors
Main components of the three capitals according to rice processors’ description
Capitals
Financial

Social

Human

Entitie...
3.2 Livelihood changes over time for each
category of rice processors
Changes in capital stocks: Individual survey

Changes in capital stocks: group survey
Drivers of changes
• Video villages: main 3 causes of changes:
– Video shows
– access to credit
– earlier face-to-face tra...
• The ATE model confirmed the impact
perceived on the CF: the revenue gains were
twice as high for video watchers compared...
3.3 Individual versus group assessments
• Individual assessments led
to similar results as the
group’s consensus
• Group discussions were vivid
and inclusive
• Th...
Outline
1. Introduction
2. Methodology

3. Results & Discussions
4. Conclusion
Conclusion
• The improvement in capital assets as
perceived by rice processors in Benin, suggests
that video & rural radio...
Conclusion
• The SLA is a participatory approach that helps
farmers to assess the effect of learning on
their livelihood u...
THANK FOR YOUR ATTENTION
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Th5_Assessing impact of video and rural radio on capital assets building with smallholders rice processors in Benin

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3rd Africa Rice Congress
Theme 5: Innovation systems and ICT tools for rice value chain
Mini symposium 2: Rice knowledge management using using ICT tools for rice value chain
Author: Zossou

Published in: Technology, Education
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Transcript of "Th5_Assessing impact of video and rural radio on capital assets building with smallholders rice processors in Benin"

  1. 1. Assessing impact of video and rural radio on capital assets building with smallholders rice processors in Benin Espérance Zossou Paul Van Mele, Simplice D. Vodouhe, Aliou Diagne, Philippe Lebailly 21-24 October, Yahounde, Cameroon
  2. 2. Outline 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results & Discussions 4. Conclusion
  3. 3. Outline 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results & Discussions 4. Conclusion
  4. 4. 1. Introduction • In Africa, agricultural extension services are under constant pressure to face food insecurity & poverty • This calls for changes in the traditional public extension systems => quality video & radio scripts to strengthen rural learning on rice processing • Various methods (matching approach) have been used to test the video effectiveness ( lack of baseline data) • This study deals to carry out experimental approach with data before & after learning using the sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA)
  5. 5. Outline 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results & Discussions 4. Conclusion
  6. 6. 2. Methodology • The study was conducted in 2010 & 2012 in the north and south of Benin • 3 types of villages: 4 video, 4 radio & 4 control within similar socio-economic realities • 120 rice processors: 40 /group • We started SLA by focus groups to get an idea of the overall description of capitals
  7. 7. • Based on qualitative research, we formulated a questionnaire • Before videos and radio, we individually interviewed rice processors to get capital stocks recorded in 2010 (baseline year) • After individual interviews, we made groups surveys to achieve a consensus on capital stocks • 2 years later, we used the same questionnaire and methodology to get capital stocks recorded in the impact year (2012).
  8. 8. • Respondents rated capital stocks on a 0–5 scale for 2010 & 2012 • A spider diagram was then drawn with value 0 (no stock) at the centre and the value 5 at the other extreme • The causes of changes made visible in the diagram were listed and ranked individually and in groups • We used the Wilcoxon test, Kruskall-Wallis test and the Mann-WhitneyWilcoxon (MWW) test
  9. 9. Outline 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results & Discussions 4. Conclusion
  10. 10. 3.1 The components of the financial, social and human capitals according to rice processors
  11. 11. Main components of the three capitals according to rice processors’ description Capitals Financial Social Human Entities Incomes Quantities of rice processed per year Access to formal and informal credit Rate of saving Financial resources for ceremonies Clothing Children schooling Working in groups Intra-group cohesion Inter-group cohesion Effective collaboration with those who share or do not share the same views as self Effective collaboration with local authorities and development agents Informations sharing Solidarity Knowledges Health Skill and ability in the performance of the activity Happiness
  12. 12. 3.2 Livelihood changes over time for each category of rice processors
  13. 13. Changes in capital stocks: Individual survey Changes in capital stocks: group survey
  14. 14. Drivers of changes • Video villages: main 3 causes of changes: – Video shows – access to credit – earlier face-to-face training on rice parboiling • Radio villages: main 3 causes of changes: – radio broadcasts – Access to credit – Gift of the improved rice parboiling equipment • Control villages: little changes mainly attributed to more rice production
  15. 15. • The ATE model confirmed the impact perceived on the CF: the revenue gains were twice as high for video watchers compared to radio listeners • The Kruskall-Wallis test showed a significant difference between the 3 categories: video, radio & control • These finding confirmed the power of video, as observed in our previous studies in Benin • The video had a significant effect compared to radio
  16. 16. 3.3 Individual versus group assessments
  17. 17. • Individual assessments led to similar results as the group’s consensus • Group discussions were vivid and inclusive • The similarity between individual and group surveys confirms a consensus • The two assessments are important for a SLA study to make a triangulation
  18. 18. Outline 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results & Discussions 4. Conclusion
  19. 19. Conclusion • The improvement in capital assets as perceived by rice processors in Benin, suggests that video & rural radio have been effective • This was confirmed by the revenue gains that were more important for video watches compared radio listners • The videos were used as ressources for radio: this may also have contributed to the effectiveness of rural radio
  20. 20. Conclusion • The SLA is a participatory approach that helps farmers to assess the effect of learning on their livelihood using their own indicators • The 2 methods (individual and group surveys) are important to assess a reliable impact • The SLA has proven valuable, complementary & reliable to other methods for evaluating the effect of information technologies in rural areas
  21. 21. THANK FOR YOUR ATTENTION
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