Th2_A low-cost participatory approach for development of rice-based systems in inland valleys

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3rd Africa Rice Congress
Theme 2: Intensification and diversification
Mini symposium: Enhancing productivity through improved water and weed management
Author: Worou, et. al.

Published in: Technology, Business
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Th2_A low-cost participatory approach for development of rice-based systems in inland valleys

  1. 1. A low-cost participatory development approach for rice cultivation in inland valleys Sander Zwart, Worou Soklou Africa Rice Center (Cotonou) Felix Gbaguidi Cellule Bas-Fond (Porto Novo) Assimiou Adou Rahim Alimi Institut Togolais de Recherche Agronomique (Lomé)
  2. 2. This presentation will show an alternative to ‘traditional’ investment projects for agricultural development of inland valleys
  3. 3. ‘Traditional’ investments project develop: - Concrete structures including canals, weirs, divers, etc. - Stone dams Bottlenecks - Short project period - Slow process (tenders) - Low quality of works - No ownership = no maintenance
  4. 4. Requirements for sustainable implementation: - Strong farmers organization - Continued support (from extension agencies) - Land tenure arrangements - Access to credits and markets
  5. 5. AfricaRice development methodology • Participatory • Low-cost • Easy to replicate 5 steps approach in which farmers are participating
  6. 6. 1. Sensitization of farmers 2. Land clearing 3. Design of the system 4. System implementation 5. Rice cultivation
  7. 7. WUR – AfricaRice workshop Cotonou, Benin, February 1, 2013
  8. 8. SMART-IV project: Countries: Benin and Togo Partners: ITRA (Togo), Cellule Bas-fonds (Benin) Ecology: inland valley rice production Time: 2009-2014 Donor: Ministry of Agriculture (MAFF) in Japan Target: Establish demonstration sites Facilitate adoption Assess impact Development of agricultural practices
  9. 9. 2011 – development and demonstration sites Kara Parakou Notsé Glazoué Ouinhi Kpalimé
  10. 10. 2012 – development and demonstration sites Kara Parakou Notsé Glazoué Ouinhi Kpalimé
  11. 11. 2013 – development and demonstration sites Kara Parakou Notsé Glazoué Ouinhi Kpalimé
  12. 12. 2013 – development and demonstration sites Kara Parakou Notsé Glazoué GRED farmers Kpalimé Ouinhi farmers
  13. 13. The way forward 1. Long-term support and capacity building to farmers, extension staff and NGOs 2. Slow, step-by-step introduction of new agricultural practices and tools to farmers (participatory evaluation) 3. Strengthening farmer organization and linking them to the rice value chain (Multi-Stakeholder Platforms)
  14. 14. The way forward 1. Long-term support and capacity building to farmers, extension staff and NGOs • Training package and discussion video being developed • Trainings organized for field technicians, on the approach, but also sustainable introduction of field machinery (powertillers, mechanic weeders)
  15. 15. The way forward 2. Slow, step-by-step introduction of new agricultural practices and tools to farmers (participatory evaluation) • Extension officer and field technicians are being trained in good agricultural practices • Farmers in demonstration sites are exposed to GAP • Farmers in demonstration sites participate in evaluation of mechanic weeders & powertillers
  16. 16. The way forward Ring hoe Dry soil (n=22) 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Wet soil (n=11) 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Straight-spike weeder Cono weeder Twisted-spike weeder Curved-spikefloating weeder 16 4 1 1 0 5 7 6 3 1 0 1 0 2 19 0 7 4 9 2 1 3 11 7 0 2 8 0 1 0 0 0 5 4 2 9 1 1 0 0 0 0 4 1 6 0 2 1 5 3 Participatory evaluation of mechanic weeders (Tanaka, 2013)
  17. 17. The way forward 3. Strengthening farmer organization and linking them to the rice value chain Multi-Stakeholder Platforms to link producers to input dealers, rice buyers/millers, banks, extension services

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