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Telecommunication Use in Akatsi

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Presentation to Africa Next Knowledge Brokerage by Marcus Koll, Accra, January 2007

Presentation to Africa Next Knowledge Brokerage by Marcus Koll, Accra, January 2007

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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  • 1. Telecommunication Use in Akatsi, Rural Ghana Presentation by Dipl.-Ing. Agr Marcus Koll PhD Student marcus.koll@uni-bonn.deZentrum für EntwicklungsforschungCentre for Development ResearchUniversity of Bonn, Germany 1
  • 2. Content1. Akatsi - an Overview2. Questionnaire Design3. Telecommunication-Use Overview 3.1 Landline Use 3.2 Cell Phone Use 3.3 Internet Use4. Summary5. Outlook 2
  • 3. 1. Akatsi - an OverviewAkatsi district – Southern Volta region 3
  • 4. 1. Akatsi - an Overview Population: 93,483 (2002) District area: ca. 1000 km2 Around 75% of the population of the district works in agriculture Main crops: maize, cassava, sweet potato, groundnuts and vegetables 4
  • 5. 1. Akatsi - an Overview Around 20 public telephone booths available in Akatsi Town Three mobile phone providers are used: Areeba, One-Touch and Tigo One existing Internet-Cafe in Akatsi Town 5
  • 6. 2. Questionnaire Design The Questionnaire contains 3 main parts: a. General household information b. Information about use of telecommunication services and information flows Questions about Landline, Cell-phone and Internet use Questions about purposes of information search etc. 6
  • 7. 2. Questionnaire Design c. Information about the economic activities and performance of the households Sample Size: Random sample of 362 Households in Akatsi-Town, Agbedrafor and Gefia 7
  • 8. 3. Telecommunication-Use Overview 90 85 80 70 Landline use 60 52 Cell Phone use 50% 35 Internet use 40 No technology use 2006 30 No technology use 1999 20 12 13 10 0 ICT USESource: Akatsi Household Survey 2006 and Akatsi Screening Survey 1999 by Dr. Bertolini 8
  • 9. 3. Expenditures for Communication3500000 X = 3,145k3000000 Average total monthly2500000 expenditure2000000 X = 1,620k1500000 Average monthly X = 950k expenditure for1000000 6,9% = 217k Cedi telecommunication 5,7% = 7,4% = 500000 120k Cedi 54k Cedi 0 Lower Average Higher income income income than than average averageSource: Akatsi Household Survey 2006 9
  • 10. 3.1 Landline Use More than 9% of the Households reports, that they have their own landline installed More than 20 public phones are installed in Akatsi Communication Centres more or less vanished 10
  • 11. 3.1 Problems of Landline Use Only 26% of landline users reported to have no problems The same number of respondents are complaining that it is to expensive Other Problems are: Faulty telephone booths, bad line quality and also corruption 11
  • 12. 3.1 Facilities of Landline Use 100 87 90 80 70 60 53 1999 % 50 2006 40 27 30 15 20 6 9 10 2 1 0 c. h er e ot et on nt bo e ce Ph on e n n on ph io w ph at le O te ic le un Te s ur m bo om gh C ei N 12 Source: Akatsi Household Survey 1999 by Dr. Bertolini and HH Survey 2006
  • 13. 3.2 Cell Phone Use Space to Space Operators replaced Communication Centres in the 3 villages quite completely Around 55% of the Households reports, that they own at least one Cell-Phone The main boost in Cell-Phone use was in the last 4 years 13
  • 14. 3.2 Development of Cell-phone Start of Cell-phone use 80 70 60 Häufigkeit 50 40 Häufigkeit 30 20 10 0 In the 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 before last 2001 year YearSource: Akatsi Household Survey 2006 14
  • 15. 3.2 Distribution of Providers 0% 5% 20% One Touch Arreba Tigo Kasapa 75% 15Source: Akatsi Household Survey 2006
  • 16. 3.2 Benefits of Cell-phone use 40,00 36,30 35,00 27,59 30,00 25,00 % 20,00 16,14 15,00 9,80 10,00 6,45 5,00 1,93 1,79 0,00 e e ck st ) lity fit fy tim siv ne fa ba ci bi en pe be ry ed ila ss Ve ep (s le a fe o av N ex er es te d th ia ak ss oo O ed le t G It m s im i It s w llo a It 16 Source: Akatsi Household Survey 2006
  • 17. 3.2 Problems of Cell Phone Use Only 16% of the respondents report to have no problems The most problems are reported according to bad network connection Around 30% of the respondents think it is still to expensive Other problems range from Ear-pains, corruption to especially the recharging problem 17
  • 18. 3.3 Internet Use 18
  • 19. 3.3 Internet Use One Internet cafe in Akatsi town itself (the next are in Aflao and Sogakope) 5 Computer in use with 1 Dial-up connection 1/3 of the time out of business in the last 12 month, according to power cuts, line failures etc. 19
  • 20. 3.3 Problem of Internet Use The main problem is the lack in computer skills Around 40% of the users are complaining it is to expensive (12,000 Cedis/h in Akatsi) Further Problems range from slow speed to line failures and the suspicion to be cheated 20
  • 21. 4. Summary Especially the introduction of Space to Space made telephone services available in a broader scale Even if still problems are reported, all in all, the quality of services increased (but not optimal) Need for an rural perspective in national ICT development strategies 21
  • 22. 5. Outlook First step:Modeling determinants of ICT use Maximum Likelihood Estimation (odds ratio) Second step: Identifying changes in ICT use Third step: Descriptive statistics Assessing welfare Measuring compensating Variation 22
  • 23. 5. Outlook Qualitative analysis of ICT strategies to identify the key-elements for rural communities Using the results from the econometric analysis to support the qualitative analysis 23
  • 24. Thank you very much !! 24