Norman influence  lecture 7
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Norman influence lecture 7

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  • 1. The Norman’s Influence On E L Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 2. 1066 – 1204: English in decline• In 1066 the Normans invaded England, and the French of Normandy, together with Latin, was to become the language of court,• English was still used by the majority of common people, but it had no prestige and there was no literature written in English for 200 years.• few written records of early Middle English, especially between1100 and 1200 Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 3. • Situation of the ruling class speaking one language, and their subordinates another, could not last. Normans had to learn some English in order to communicate. Norman kings set off to the Crusades in the 12th century- they had to persuade people to go there; would have used English for propaganda- just like Alfred. Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 4. Analyze the causes of French influence on English Language.• The Norman Conquest and association with the ruling class;• political relations;• royal intermarriage and the fusion of the two people; Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 5. • the use of French by the upper class; nobility, aristocrats and finally its influence on the Middle class;• the extensive use of French literature in court and the• Royal familys role in the promotion of French poetry.(Adela) Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 6. Words derived from FrenchWords which are mostly related to Law, government, politics. Antiquate, and royal court.• accuse ,arrest• Parliament, treasure• soldier, lieutenant• ambulance , ballet, biscuit, camouflage, chauffeur, coup detat,, coupon, crayon, debris, dentist, detour, diplomat, route, entrepreneur,, envoy, espionage, memoir, menu, regime, salvage, soufflé, souvenir, splendid, wardrobe• Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 7. • attaché attaché au contraire au naturel avant-garde Innovative,• blond "fair-haired“• bon appétit "good appetite“• bon voyage "good trip" café au lait "coffee with milk" cerise "cherry" cest la vie "thats life" chaise longue "long chair" chargé daffaires "charged with business“• chargé laafemme Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 8. The Transition to middle English 1150 onwards• Significant change:• 1. Spelling variations• Consonants and vowels written differentlyOE rot ME root• 1. Loss of inflections• 2. increasing importance of word order (syntax)• In OE subject could be in diff positionsME= Subject+ verb+ object Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 9. Middle EnglishThe Rebirth of English• During the late 13th and in the 14th century, English was making a comeback. The mood towards France was becoming more and more hostile. Although French and Latin were still languages of prestige, English was becoming the language of communication, even among the nobility.• Dialect of Anglo-French ridiculed in Paris, growing mutual dislike.• The Hundred Years’ War with France (mid-14th – mid-15th cent.) marked a definite decline of French and the rise of English as a chief language. Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 10. Middle English 1348 – 1509: English triumphant• 1348: first outbreak of the Black Death: one third of population dies- leads to social turmoil and worker shortages. Higher prestige for the lower classes and their language.• 1362: English official language in legal proceedings.• English expands all over Britain, French only artificially maintained.• London English emerges as basis for standard.• 1509: Henry VIII ascends to the throne and breaks with the Roman Catholic Church. Thereafter, all religious services and documents are in English. Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 11. Literature in Middle English• The second half of 14th century produced the first great age of secular (=not religious) literature.• The best representative is Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘the father of English poetry’. By making a conscious choice to write in English, he symbolizes the rebirth of English as a national language. His works also helped the London dialect of English become a standard.• We can read and understand Chaucer’s English fairly well – this shows how much the language had changed. Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 12. Middle English ‘The Canterbury Tales’• Chaucer’s most famous work is ‘The Canterbury Tales’ (about 1387), a long poem, or a collection of stories in verse. And it is real verse – another novelty. The rhyme has taken place of Old English alliteration.• The story is about a party of pilgrims, the poet among them, traveling to Canterbury to visit the grave of Thomas a Becket. To pass the time, they agree to tell tales.• Strong French and Anglo Saxon influences Mrs. Al Gabashi
  • 13. Web site to be visited• http://www.krysstal.com/borrow.html Mrs. Al Gabashi