Uganda presentation agronomy and ph mechan bennin  2011
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  • 1. OVER VIEW OF UGANDA’S RICE AGRONOMY, POST-HARVET AND VALUE ADDITION by Candia Alphonse, and David Nanfumba10/15/2012 1
  • 2. Importance of agriculture to Ugandaneconomy Agriculture and forestry contributes 14.6% of GDP (UBOS & MOFPED, 2010) Employing about 80% of the population IFPRI in 2008 showed that, if agriculture in Uganda grows by 6%, poverty would fall from current 31.1% to 17.9% by 2015 This would be well below 28% MDG target Unfortunately the growth rate is 2 – 3%10/15/2012 2
  • 3. Strategy by MAAIF to Improve Agric GoU has developed National Development Plan as Policy frame Work for development MAAIF consequently developed DSIP (Development Sector Investment Plan)  Due to adequate internal and regional market, MAAIF has considered Rice as the second important cereal crop for investment  MAAIF has consequently developed Rice Strategic Plan with a secretariat at MAAIF Headquarters  There is Steering Committee and Technical Working Team10/15/2012 3
  • 4. Changes in rice production levels Rice production 000 tons250 200200 190 158 165150100 Consumption per capita ≈ 3.8kg 50 Consumption per capita ≈ 8.5kg 0 2007 2008 2009 201010/15/2012 4
  • 5. 1600 Uganda rice productivity trend 1999 - 2009 (FAOSTAT; 2011) 1550 1534.9 1513.9 1500 1500 1500 1500 Yield (Kg/Ha) 1450 1400 1397.1 1362.8 1361.3 1350 1335.9 1311.6 1300 1301.1 1250 1200 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year10/15/2012 5
  • 6. Rice ecologiesRice production Share of total areaEcologyRain fed upland 43% (approx 40,000ha)Lowland – irrigated 57% (approxLowland - rain fed 70,000ha)10/15/2012 6
  • 7. Major rice production areas Northern and Rain fed Mid-northern (upland) rice AE zones Swamp,Lake Albert AE irrigated andzone Rain fed rice Eastern and South eastern Swamp and AE zones irrigated rice10/15/2012 7
  • 8. Major constraints Farmers constraints Inadequate knowledge in rice farming enterprise (agronomic, PH and marketing) Frequent and prolonged droughts affecting rice output and quality, and eventually proceeds from rice industry Lack of cost-effective equipment for various rice farming operations from production to post-harvest10/15/2012 8
  • 9.  Rice diseases especially blast, yellow mottle virus, grain rot, sheath rot, etc, Rice pests especially birds, rodents, termites Poor quality & expensive seeds. The seeds in the market have low germination percentage, of mixed variety, etc Inadequate capital for investment10/15/2012 9
  • 10.  Rice processors (millers and other food processors)  Inadequate knowledge and skills in rice processing  Low quality and poor performing rice mills and lack of other rice milling technologies  Inadequate capital for investment  Low quality and inadequate paddy  Low quality and market value of milled rice10/15/2012 10
  • 11. Recent achievements in tech dev’ Generated agronomic practices for new lowland varieties that will be released next year (2012) Adapted light weight line marker for planting upland rice varieties Developed Animal drawn planter for upland rice varieties Adapted mouldboard plough for single axle tractors10/15/2012 11
  • 12.  Developed light weight motorized rice thresher (though farmers are using it requires some technical improvement) Adapted rice fissure and chalky grain analyser for use in laboratory and rice millers10/15/2012 12
  • 13.  Generated extensive baseline information especially in PH sector which is now helping to guide investments in improving processing industry. Now we know:  PH processing techns, constraints and opportunities  Physical quality and safety of local paddy  Physical quality and safety of locally milled rice  Physical and market value loss along PH value chain (except storage) for lowland rice ecology  Consumer preference among Ugandan consumers10/15/2012 13
  • 14. 10/15/2012 14
  • 15. On-going research in PH Development of improved open-sun drying method for local rice varieties Development of Destoner and integration into rice processing chain Development of implements for proven power tillers for Ugandan soil conditions. Several activities identified for technology development and information under CIDA proj. Developing appropriate weed management practices
  • 16. Capacity of agronomy and post-harvest Agronomy Few human resource (2 scientists, 4 technicians) Fully developed regional rice research and training centre at Namulonge (NaCRRI)10/15/2012 16
  • 17.  Post-harvest and value addition The current capacity stands as follows:  Few trained human resource (2 engineers, 3 food scientists, 4 technicians)  Partially equipped laboratory and engineering workshops  Partially equipped PHRTDT unit10/15/2012 17
  • 18. Linkages between research and extension Research has linkages with following extension services:  National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS)  Several NGOs (esp SG-2000, )  Farmer organizations  Local governments  The parent ministry of agriculture10/15/2012 18
  • 19. We THANK YOU!10/15/2012 19