I Phone Development Presentation
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I Phone Development Presentation I Phone Development Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • iPhone Development
    • Ahmed Essam
    • Software Research Engineer @ Unisoft
  • Agenda
    • Mobile Application Development
    • iPhone Development methods
    • iPhone Development tools
    • Introduction to Objective C
    • Introduction to iPhone SDK
    • Demo
  • Advice
    • Be neutral when it comes to technology to be able to make the right decision
  • Mobile Application
    • There is three ways to do mobile applications
      • Mobile Web Interface
      • Develop for Java or Flash
      • Develop for the native platform
  • Mobile Web Applications
    • This application is mostly connected, so most of the time user can’t handle it without internet or cached history
    • Javascript provides reach function to access some hardware like GPS and other devices specific hardware
    • Developer doesn’t have much authority over the device, tied by the browser.
  • Java
    • In some cases you can use Java but not all platforms supports Java as it is for instance
      • BlackBerry
        • You can use Java but it must be compiled using BB tools
      • iPhone
        • Doesn’t Support Java at all
      • Android
        • It is Java but not as J2ME developers used to.
  • Flash
    • Can be used if the application is all about interface
    • currently flash can be used to act like real application, it has access to camera, GPS... etc
    • iPhone doesn’t support it.
  • Native Applications
    • You can do what ever you want to,except what the framework doesn’t allow you to do.
  • Native Development
    • Windows Mobile SDK
      • C#, C/C++ (Very easy to do apps on this SDK)
    • Android SDK
      • C (Doing libraries that will be used by Java Apps), Java
    • BlackBerry SDK
      • Java ( You need to package the Java code using the SDK )
    • Nokia SDK
      • Java, C++ ( I call it Symbian’s C++, needs some time to use it)
  • Why not Java
    • Every device has its own characteristics and style
    • Java is annoying to protect the user, “Do you allow this application to do .....?”
    • You can’t know the (keyboard or keypad) layout
    • Canvas or default system controls
    • When using canvas you have to handle little everything
    • Many features can’t be used.
  • Personally
    • I like:
      • Windows mobile (Low level guys will enjoy it)
      • iPhone (Most of the work REALLY done)
      • Android (I love the idea of Open Source)
  • iPhone Development Methods
    • iPhone Web Applications
      • Normal web site with specified for iPhone using some JS functions that is provided by the Safari
    • iPhone Native Applications
      • Using Objective C
        • iPhone SDK
        • Jailbreak iPhone development tools
  • Jailbreak iPhone development
    • I don’t know much about it but
      • You can do really what every you like all the undocumented functions are yours
      • You can’t publish such app in the apps store
      • You can publish such app in Cydia
  • Needed to develop for iPhone
    • Knowledge of C
    • Mac OS X Intel based machine
    • iPhone Developer program
    • iPhone or iPod touch
  • iPhone Development tools
    • Xcode
    • Interface Builder
    • Instruments
  • Objective C
    • You can consider it Extension for C language
    • ObjC add more dynamicity to C Language
    • Single inheritance from super class and protocols is used as interfaces
    • Totally new syntax but still can use C with it.
  • Objective C
    • New concepts
      • Class definition
      • Protocol implementation
      • Class messages
      • All objects are heap based & no stack objects
      • Classes and Instances are both objects
      • Class is a blue print to create instance
  • Classes and Objects
    • Classes declare the state and behavior
    • State (class data) is instance variables and behavior is methods
    • Instances are hidden, it can be accessed through getters and setters
  • Class and instance methods
    • Instances responds to “Instance methods”
      • -(id)init;
      • -(char*)getName;
    • Class responds to “Static methods”
      • +(id)alloc;
      • +(char*)getClassName;
  • Message syntax (calling methods)
    • Function calling in Objective C called message, this is to give more dynamicity to the language, some times if the method is not implemented the calling result will be nil = null
      • [objectOfClass functionName];
      • [objectOfClass functionName:Arg1];
    • Calling staic method
      • [Class functionName];
      • [Class functionName:Arg1];
    • Function also called selector, this is helpful in cases of passing the function name as parameter.
  • Objective C
    • Dot Syntax
      • It is only working in Objective C 2.0
      • It is only used for properties of object
    • Dynamic Casting
      • Using type “id” , id is pointer to void “C Style void*”
      • id object = [Class new];
    • Static casting
      • Class* object = [Class new];
  • Objective C
    • nil is equivalents to null
    • Objective C Class has no operators overloading
    • Objective C Class has no constructors or destructors
    • Boolean type is, BOOL
      • YES is TRUE
      • NO is FALSE
    • Pointer to function in class called selector
      • SEL method = [object event];
      • [object setEvent:@selecyot(function:)];
      • SEL function = @selector(function::);
  • iPhone frameworks
    • Foundation
    • UIKit
    • CoreGrphics
    • CFNetwork
    • CoreLocation
    • CoreData
    • ExternalAccessory
    • GameKit
    MapKit IOKit MediaPlayer AddressBook MobileCoreSerivces OpenGL Security StoreKit And many more
  • iPhone Development
    • It is true that Objective C is not as strong as any other language but the huge coverage of frameworks that is provided by Apple makes it Ok to use such SDK
    • From My experience I can tell, that there is too many things already done for me in way that make me use it in no time considering other platforms
  • Demo
  • Refernces
    • iPhone Development course form Stanford CS193P
    • Objective C developers guide
    • Google
  • Contact me
    • Ahmed Essam Naiem
    • [email_address]
    • http://www.ahmed-essam.com
    • http://www.twitter.com/Neo_4583
    • http://www.facebook.com/aessam