Huet Ing

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Huet Ing

  1. 1. HUET HELICOPTER UNDERWATER ESCAPE TRAINING Certified by Medical AirXpress ICAO COURSE 057
  2. 2. Course PURPOSE <ul><li>Provide passengers and crew the self confidence, knowledge and necessary abilities to react and to survive a helicopter ditching event </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to take care of himself and others on a sea survival situation </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>At the end of this Course, the participants will have knowledge of: </li></ul><ul><li>Helicopter Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Helicopter Emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Ditching Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements to pass the Course: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass Swimming and floating test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do 3 escapes with no help, from helicopter module (30%) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass psychological evaluation of phobia or fear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to manage panic </li></ul></ul></ul>COURSE CONTENT
  4. 4. <ul><li>Helicopter safety and travel procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Helicopter Emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>HUET Practical Resume </li></ul><ul><li>HUET Practical Exercise </li></ul>Course CONTENT
  5. 5. HELICOPTER SAFETY AND TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  6. 6. <ul><li>A modern Helicopter is... </li></ul><ul><li>A safe and efficient form of travel </li></ul><ul><li>¿Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Crew qualifications and experience </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement of maintenance standards and requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Technological improvements </li></ul>INTRODUCTION TO HELICOPTER SAFETY
  7. 7. BUT STILL, ACCIDENTS HAPEN…
  8. 8. <ul><li>There are two kinds of ditching accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled ditching </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled ditching </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics show us that: </li></ul><ul><li>There are 2 water immersions / 100 thousand flight hrs. </li></ul><ul><li>92% of passengers survive when they have more than 1 minute of warning </li></ul><ul><li>78% of passengers survive when they have more than 15 seconds of warning </li></ul>HELICOPTER DITCHING REVIEW
  9. 9. <ul><li>Survive from a Ditch in a aerial ship may depend on: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>KNOWLEDGE </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TRAINING </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PREPARATION </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ATTITUDE </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Your survival ability may depend of your attitude. BE PREPARED! Have your own survival plan . COLLISION SURVIVAL
  10. 10. <ul><li>Before Flight </li></ul><ul><li>Arrive to Heliport early and in good conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that you are in the correct area of registration for your destination. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that you have correct travel documents </li></ul><ul><li>Register with the flight dispatcher . </li></ul>HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  11. 11. <ul><li>Physical and baggage weight are verified carefully. </li></ul><ul><li>The maximum weight of baggage is 10kg – 22 lb </li></ul><ul><li>Don't pack heavy or unnecessary articles. </li></ul>HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  12. 12. Remember that many articles are restricted for travels offshore by helicopter. If you have any doubts, contact the helicopter operator HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  13. 13. Watch helicopter safety video. Security Verification for the whole personnel Distribution of lifejackets and Safety Summary for the land crew Walk to boarding platform HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  14. 14. Approach only under supervision of flight controller or land personnel The baggage will be transported to the helicopter and it should be identified BY YOU before loading Have a seat and fasten your seat belt Take a look at the helicopter cabin and get familiarized with all positions HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  15. 15. <ul><li>It can be given in many ways </li></ul><ul><li>Information session by video </li></ul><ul><li>Information session by cards </li></ul><ul><li>Information session by the pilot, flights controller or medic </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects covered during these informative sessions includes </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous points in and around the helicopter </li></ul><ul><li>Lifejackets </li></ul><ul><li>Life rafts </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency actions </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictions – smoke, alcohol, drugs, etc. </li></ul>SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT HELICOPTER
  16. 16. HELICOPTER DANGEROUS AREAS
  17. 17. The speed of rotation of the tail rotor makes it almost invisible when it rotates. If you get in contact with it, in any moment YOU WILL LOSE THE FIGHT. HELICOPTER DANGEROUS AREAS
  18. 18. HELICOPTER PERSONAL SAFETY GEAR PERMANENT BUOYANCY LIFEJACKETS AVIATION LIFEJACKETS WEAR HEARING PROTECTION
  19. 19. AVIATION LIFERAFTS HELICOPTER SAFETY EQUIPMENT
  20. 20. First Aid kit ADELT, EPIRB Fire Extinguisher Survival Equipment Kit HELICOPTER SAFETY EQUIPMENT
  21. 21. <ul><li>Be ready to board the flight – safety routes </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use hats, hard-hats or caps, or carry loose objects </li></ul><ul><li>Fasten your seat belt – Get familiarized with the emergency exits and the location of the emergency equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Develop ditching plan for the seat you are occupying . </li></ul>Boarding Procedures HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  22. 22. <ul><li>During Flight </li></ul><ul><li>Follow Captain’s instructions; he is in charge. </li></ul><ul><li>Remain seated with your seat belt fastened. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear hearing protection </li></ul><ul><li>Inform of any event not very common </li></ul>HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  23. 23. <ul><li>On Landing – Disembarkation </li></ul><ul><li>Follow Instructions of Pilot/Co-pilot or Landing Helicopter Official </li></ul><ul><li>Release your seatbelt only when instructed . </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared hard wind on the heliport </li></ul><ul><li>Leave the helicopter using a safety route. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow instructions from the pilot or heliport crew. </li></ul>HELICOPTER TRAVEL PROCEDURES
  24. 24. HELICOPTER EMERGENCIES
  25. 25. <ul><li>Flying Operation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Machine Failure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>System Failure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hydraulic, Electric, Lubrication </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Failure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strange vibrations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E ngines , Cabinet, Luggage compartment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>HELICOPTER EMERGENCIES
  26. 26. <ul><li>The biggest causes of lesions and death on helicopter ditching are ; </li></ul><ul><li>Disorientation </li></ul><ul><li>Panic – Phobia – Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to remain afloat or swim </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance or lack of knowledge of the safety equipment on board and survival procedures </li></ul><ul><li>MISUNDERSTANDING of evacuation under water and technical procedures. </li></ul>DITCH ACCIDENTS
  27. 27. <ul><li>To have your own emergency plan will increase possibilities to survive and leave the aircraft alive </li></ul><ul><li>Primary and Secondary exits </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of the release mechanisms for each exit </li></ul><ul><li>Reference points / routes / procedures to find the action mechanisms in bad visibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Ditching procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Escape procedures </li></ul>PRE DITCHING PLAN
  28. 28. SUPER PUMA WINDOWS AND RELEASES POINTS
  29. 29. <ul><li>Controlled Ditching…. With warning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 60 seconds of warning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled Ditching….No Warning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 15 seconds of warning. </li></ul></ul>DITCHING PROCEDURES
  30. 30. <ul><li>Fasten your seatbelt / Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Double check exits / reference points </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate all sharp objects / assure loose articles </li></ul><ul><li>Check life jackets </li></ul><ul><li>Brace position. </li></ul>(More than 60 seconds warning) PRE DITCHING PROCEDURES
  31. 31. <ul><li>NO WARNING… </li></ul>HELICOPTER DITCHING PROCEDURES Brace position
  32. 32. Four Point Harness & Rear Facing Seats with Lap Straps BRACE POSITIONS
  33. 33. Looking at front using lap belts. BRACE POSITIONS
  34. 34. <ul><li>Relocate your hands to the “Locate Position” </li></ul><ul><li>Locate a hand in the reference/exit point </li></ul><ul><li>Other hand grips the seat belt buckle – DO NOT RELEASE IT! </li></ul>AFTER IMPACT
  35. 35. Exit point /Reference Buckle . LOCATE POSITION
  36. 36. SEQUENCE TO SURVIVE <ul><li>HIT </li></ul><ul><li>GRASP </li></ul><ul><li>RELEASE </li></ul><ul><li>PULL </li></ul>For a successful exit you must always remember the survival sequence
  37. 37. Now, let’s practice this pre-ditching procedures
  38. 38. <ul><li>The aircraft floaters are activated manually by the pilot, the helicopter lands under control on water surface and keeps floating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft deactivation – remain seated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait for crew instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw window to sea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verify that the rotors have stopped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw the life rafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled exit from helicopter into rafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start immediate life raft actions </li></ul></ul>SURFACE ABANDONMENT PROCEDURES
  39. 39. LIFE RAFTS LOCATION
  40. 40. <ul><li>The helicopter executes an emergency landing on land or heliport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fallow crew instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before leaving, be careful with the principal and tail rotor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the helicopter has landed on a slope – exit on the down slope side only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take emergency equipment if time permits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move to a position upwind of helicopter if fire starts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay in close proximity to helicopter as the searchers will find the aircraft fuselage easier to spot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start survival procedures </li></ul></ul>EMERGENCY LANDING ON LAND/HELIDECK
  41. 41. DO NOT EXIT AIRCRAFT UNTIL ALL ROTOR MOVEMENT HAS STOPED
  42. 42. <ul><li>Aircraft impacts water surface </li></ul><ul><li>Take a DEEP RELAXED BREATH before immersion </li></ul><ul><li>WAIT UNTIL ALL MOTION HAS CEASED , wait and wait and count 7 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>STAY STRAPPED IN </li></ul><ul><li>Verify orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Open the exit window </li></ul><ul><li>Secure your grabs </li></ul><ul><li>Release your seatbelt </li></ul><ul><li>Pull yourself out using your arms only - Do not kick </li></ul><ul><li>Surface – be aware of garbage / fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Start sea survival procedures </li></ul>ESCAPE UNDER WATER
  43. 43. <ul><li>REMEMBER... </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT INFLATE YOUR LIFE JACKET UNTIL CLEAR OF THE AIRCRAFT </li></ul>WARNING
  44. 44. Now, let’s practice this under water escapes

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