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Chapter 010 respiratory

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anatomy and physiology

anatomy and physiology

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  • 1. Chapter 10 The respiratory system Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Figure 10.1 The organs of respiration. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 3. Figure 10.2 Structures forming the nasal septum. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 4. Figure 10.3 Lateral wall of right nasal cavity. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 5. Figure 10.4 The pathway of air from the nose to the larynx. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 6. Figure 10.5 Cricoid cartilage. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 7. Figure 10.6 Larynx – viewed from behind. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 8. Figure 10.7 Larynx – viewed from the front. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 9. Figure 10.8 Interior of the larynx viewed from above. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 10. Figure 10.9 The extreme positions of the vocal cords. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Figure 10.10 The relationship of the trachea to the oesophagus. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 12. Figure 10.11 The trachea and some of its associated structures. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 13. Figure 10.12 Microscopic view of ciliated mucous membrane. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 14. Figure 10.13 Lower respiratory tract. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 15. Figure 10.14 Organs associated with the lungs. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 16. Figure 10.15 The lobes of the lungs and vessels/airways of each hilum – medial views. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 17. Figure 10.16 The relationship of the pleura to the lungs. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 18. Figure 10.17 The flow of blood between heart and lungs. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 19. Figure 10.18 The capillary network surrounding the alveoli. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 20. Figure 10.19 The intercostal muscles and the bones of the thorax. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 21. Figure 10.20 The diaphragm. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 22. Figure 10.21 The changes in capacity of the thoracic cavity and the lungs during breathing. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 23. Figure 10.22 Lung volumes and capacities: IRV = inspiratory reserve volume; IC = inspiratory capacity; FRC = functional residual capacity; ERV = expiratory reserve volume; RV = residual volume; VC = vital capacity. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 24. Figure 10.23 External respiration: exchange of gases between alveolar air and capillary blood. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 25. Figure 10.24 Internal respiration: exchange of gases between capillary blood and tissue cells. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 26. Figure 10.25 Some of the nerves involved in control of respiration. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 27. Figure 10.26 Emphysema. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 28. Figure 10.27 Distribution of infected tissue in: A. Bronchopneumonia. B. Lobar pneumonia. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.
  • 29. Figure 10.28 Collapse of a lung: A. Absorption collapse. B. Pressure collapse. Copyright © Elsevier Ltd 2005. All rights reserved.