THE FACTS● Suicide was the 11th ● The National Violent Death leading cause of death in Reporting System 2007 - 1/3 were + for alcohol - 7th for men - 1 in 5 were + for opiates - 15th for women ● Males complete suicide at 4x● More than 34,000 suicides as often as females and - 94 per day represent 78.8% - 1 every 15 minutes - Fire arms are the leading method - 11.26 per populations - Poisoning is the leading method among females of 100,000
THE FACTS● Nonfatal Suicidal ● Racial and Ethnic Thoughts and Behaviors Disparities -ages 15-24 - Hispanic and Black, non - 100-200 attempts for every 1 Hispanic female High school completed studies grades 9-12 reported a -ages 65 and older 1 for every 4 high % of attempts (10-11%) than their White, non - in 2009 13.8% of high school Hispanic counterparts (6.5%) students thought about it
Nonfatal, Self Inflicted InjuriesIn 2008, 376,306 In 2008, 163,489people were treated people werein emergency hospitalized due todepartments for self- self -inflicted injury.inflicted injuries. There is one suicide for every 25 attempted suicides.
Suicide-Related Behaviors among U.S. High School Students (2009) • 1.9% of students had made• 13.8% of students in a suicide attempt thatgrades 9-12 seriously resulted in an injury,considered poisoning, or an overdosesuicide in the previous 12 that e that required medicalmonths (17.4% of females attention (2.3% of femalesand 10.5% of males). and 1.6% of males).• 6.3% of students made onesuicide attempt in theprevious 12 months (8.1%of females and 4.6% ofmales).
Risk Factors for SuicideMental disorders, Impulsive and/orparticularly mood aggressive tendenciesdisorders, schizophrenia, History of trauma oranxiety disorders and abusecertain personalitydisorders Major physical illnessesAlcohol and other Previous suicide attemptsubstance use disorders Family history of suicideHopelessness
Risk Factors ContinuedJob or financial loss Cultural and religiousLoss of relationship beliefs, such as theEasy access to lethal means belief that suicide is aLocal clusters of suicide noble resolution of aLack of social support and sense personal dilemmaof isolation Exposure to othersStigma associated with asking for who have died byhelp suicide (in real life orLack of health care, especially via the media andmental health and substanceabuse treatment Internet)
Protective Factors for Suicide●Effective clinical care for mental, physical andsubstance use disorders●Easy access to a variety of clinical interventions●Restricted access to highly lethal means of suicide●Strong connections to family and community support●Support through ongoing medical and mental healthcare relationships●Skills in problem solving, conflict resolution andhandling problems in a non-violent way●Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicideand support self-preservation
Warning SignsTalking about wanting to die or to kill themselves.●●Looking for a way to kill themselves, such assearching online or buying a gun●Talking about feeling hopeless or having no reason tolive.Talking about feeling trapped or in unbearable pain.●
Warning SignsTalking about being a burden to others.Increasing the use of alcohol or drugs.Acting anxious or agitated; behaving recklessly.Sleeping too little or too much.Withdrawing or isolating themselves.Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge.Displaying extreme mood swings.
The LingoBest practices – Activities or programs that are inkeeping with the best available evidenceregarding what is effective.Chat service – Crisis counseling provided viainstant messaging.Comprehensive suicide prevention plans – Plansthat use a multi-faceted approach to addressingthe problem. For example, includinginterventions targeting biopsychosocial, socialand environmental factors.
The LingoCrisis center – A facility or call center where individuals goingthrough personal crises can obtain help or advice, either in-person or by crisis hotline.Crisis counseling – Brief counseling that is focused onminimizing stress, providing emotional support and improvingan individual’s coping strategies in the here and now. Likepsychotherapy, crisis counseling involves assessment,planning and treatment, but the scope of service is generallymuch more specific.Crisis hotline – A phone number individuals can call to getimmediate emergency crisis counseling by telephone. telephone
Suicide PreventionPrevention – A strategy or approach that reduces the likelihood of risk of onset, or delays the onset of adverse health problems or reduces the harm resulting from conditions or behaviors.Prevention network – Coalitions of change-oriented organizations and individuals working together to promote suicide prevention. Prevention networksmight include statewide coalitions, community task forces, regional alliances, or professional groups.
Suicide Prevention OrganizationsActive MindsAmerican Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP)The American Association of SuicidologyThe Jed FoundationNational Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)The National Association of State Mental Health Program DirectorsMental Health AmericaNational Organization for People of Color Against Suicide (NOPCAS)Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)SAMHSAs National Mental Health Information CenterSAVE - Suicide Awareness Voices of EducationSuicide Prevention Action Network USASuicide Prevention Resource CenterThe Trevor ProjectYellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program
Talk to Them or About ThemAll information found athttp://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org
ADVENT RECOVERY ●Outpatient addiction coaching services home, internet (web conferencing, chat/instant messaging), or phone coaching/counseling.r ● Coaching for friends and family ● Educational presentations concerning various addictions and addiction recovery options to general community institutions (schools, churches, businesses etc.) www.adventrecovery.webs.com