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Promoting Food Diversification in Asia Pacific 2012
 

Promoting Food Diversification in Asia Pacific 2012

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APEC 2013 Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia, 6 December 2012

APEC 2013 Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia, 6 December 2012

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    Promoting Food Diversification in Asia Pacific 2012 Promoting Food Diversification in Asia Pacific 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • !"#$#%&()*##+)+&,-".&*&/0%&#)&)0.&01!0/&*&/2)345678)9:33:7);448)<:=>7?3@Purwiyatno HariyadiDirector and ProfessorSoutheast Asian Food & Agricultural Science & Technology (SEAFAST) Center,andDepartment of Food Science and TechnologyFaculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyBogor Agricultural University Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security World Food Summit of 1996: Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food y preferences for an active and healthy life. Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security Quantity Stability/ Food Safety sustainability of Quality food availability, availability Variety accessibility and consumption Physical & economic accessibility Active Food Compliance to preferences & Accessibility Compliance to culture & Healthy religion life of Individual Intake sufficiency Quality of household food Food processing, Utilization Quality of sanitation & hygiene Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security Active & Healthy life of Individual Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food SecuritySelected food security indicator in APEC economies (Johnson, R. Et al., 2010).Selected APEC Population Child malnutrition –Economies below $1/day, children under age 5 % underweight, %China 16,8 10Indonesia 7.5 27.3 ActiveMalaysia <2 19 &Mexico 7.5 Healthy 9.9 life ofPeru 18.1 7.1 IndividualThe Philippines 15.5 31.8Russia <2 5.5Thailand <2 17.6Vietnam <2 33.8 Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food SecuritySelected food security indicator in APEC economies (Johnson, R. Et al., 2010). Malnutrition may prevent the achievement of active and healthy life for individuals • Under nutrition • Over nutrition Active • Obesity is alarming fact associated with & poor food utilization aspect of food Healthy security. life of Individual • Obesity is on the increase in both y developed and developing economies. Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification? Quantity Stability/ Food Safety sustainability of Quality food availability, availability Variety accessibility and consumption Physical & economic accessibility Active Food Compliance to preferences & Accessibility Compliance to culture & Healthy religion life of Individual Intake sufficiency Quality of household food Food processing, Utilization Quality of sanitation & hygiene Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification? Food diversification is important for food and nutritional security : t iti l it • Ensuring dietary Active diversity and quality, & • Strengthening local Healthy life of food systems, and Individual •M i t i i Maintaining environmental sustainability. Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification? Illustration – a rice-based food policy has resulted in many non-ideal conditions for food security in Indonesia. Indonesia (i) Rice consumption is very high; 130-139 kg/capita/year Active & (ii) Dominant feature of consumers’ nutrient Healthy life of intake: Individual • ~ 53 % of the total calorie needs and • ~ 47 % of the protein needs Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification?Food Consumption Pattern in Indonesia (g/capita/day): Reality vs Ideal*)Food Groups Consumption Defiation Reality Ideal*) (D)Cereals 325.9 325 9 275 + 40 9 40,9(Rice, Corn, wheat)Tubers and trunks 40.0 100 - 60.0(Cassava, Sweat potato, Potato, Sago) Active &Animal-based foods 95.9 160 - 54.1(Meat, Eggs, Milk, Fish) Healthy life ofOil bearing fruits and seeds 6.0 10 - 4.0 IndividualFats/oils 22.8 22 8 20 + 28 2,8Nuts/legumes 22.7 35 - 12.3Sugar 22.2 30 - 7.8Fruits/Vegetables 197.3 250 - 52.7 *) Hardinsyah et al., (2012) Purwiyatno Hariyadi **) Based on Ideal Dietary Pattern of FAO hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification?Illustration – a rice-based food policy has resultedin many non-ideal conditions for food security inIndonesia (I d i (cont.). t) (iii) Rice issues is a political one trade of rice: very sensitive issue Active & (iv)Worst effect : Healthy life of • Less development, less research Individual investment i t non-rice-based f d i t t into i b d foods. • Less technology development Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification? Role of Food Industry• Food diversification need active participation of food Industry.• Food Industry has specific competences in developing and operating food business to ensure better and more diversified food Active • food availability, & • food accessibility and Healthy life of • food utilization. Individual Better Food Security Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification? Role of Food Industry Illustration Providing better value of foods Better distribution?Better logistics better safety? Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Food Security: Role of Food Diversification? Role of Food Industry Illustration Providing better value of foods Better distribution?Better logistics better safety? Better economic access? Better compliance to religion? ~ IDR 1500/pack of 70 g Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Conclusions :1. Food diversification by development of food industry has a big potential in improving food security • improved safety, • reduced losses, • more diversified/more choices, • more nutritious • better quality • better distribution • better storage • (potentially) more affordable ..................: may facilitate the economic development, promote and diversify international food trade. Promotion of Food Diversification Better Global Food Security Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Conclusions :2. With the emergence of international food trade, strengthening global food security system is a shared responsibility. ........ Meaning that .... *47B Mutual partnership among/between APEC economies to promote food diversification thru *67A industrialization –leading to leading international trade- is essential in strengthening global food security. Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • Conclusions :2. With the emergence of international food trade, strengthening global food security system is a shared responsibility. ........ Partnership in research to *47B explore the uniqueness/ competitiveness/functionality of underutilized food resources *67A Partnership in p production/commercialization and trade development based on -currently- underutilized food resources Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org
    • %C6DB)E4> Purwiyatno Hariyadi hariyadi@seafast.org