India food regulation risk management & risk communication 2011


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India food regulation risk management & risk communication 2011

  1. 1. Risk Management Risk Communication FOOD WORLD INDIA - 2011Dr. Joseph I Lewis
  2. 2. Intent of Legislation Consolidation: Food Regulations Construction: Science Based Framework
  3. 3. Fundamental Shifts Several Authorities Single Authority Adulteration Risk Analysis Opinion based Science based Inspection Surveillance, Monitoring
  4. 4. Consolidation has happened Prevention of Food The Food Products Adulteration Act 1954 Order, 1955 PFA Rules 1955 The Meat Food The Milk & MilkProducts Order, 1973 Products Order. 1992 Food Safety and Standards The Edible Oils Regulations 2011 The Vegetable OilPackaging (Regulation) Products (Control) Order 1998 Order, 1998 The SE Oil, De-oiled Any other Order meal, edible flour under Essential (Control) Order, 1967 Commodities Act, 1955 Standards of Standards of Weights Infant Milk Substitutes, Weights & Measures & Measures (Packaged Feeding Bottles, Infant Act, 1976 Commodity) Rules, 1977 Foods Act 1992
  5. 5. Risk Based Framework Risk Assessment Construction Risk Risk Management Communication
  6. 6. Risk Management - Policy setting ALOP Risk ranking Populations at risk Risk Profiling What is the context of the safety problem Option Assessment Why ‘ preferred option’ selected Monitoring Outcomes Regulatory Impact Analysis Is the ‘Public Health outcome’ achieved ?
  7. 7. Food Safety & Standards Act - Mandate The Act requires while framing regulations to: Determine food standards on the basis of risk analysis [18(2)(b)] Undertake risk assessment in an independent, objective and transparent manner [18(2)(c)] Carry out risk management which shall include taking into account the results of risk assessment . . .[18(1)(b)]
  8. 8. From mandate to practice Functional Separation (Para 17)* Risk Assessment Risk Management Functional Roles (Para 5.1)# Scientific Committee/ Scientific Panels (Expert Groups) Food Authority Performing the Roles Delivering a Scientific Opinion (Para 13)# Regulatory Impact Analysis [pg 4, 5, 16]* *Document: FSSAI approach to drawing up /revision of Standards #Document: Working Procedures of Issues to Scientific Committee/Panel
  9. 9. Food Authority • Safety Concerns – outbreaks Data or Evidence of Concern Stakeholders • Health Concerns – nutrition/disease Yes data enough Food Safety & Standards Authority of India For action ? More data  reqd.  Initiate Risk Assessment Project Initiated NoRisk Assessment Risk Management Risk Communication Draft Consultation: 2 Draft Hearings [if required] prior to  Scientific  Panel              Consultation: Public Hearings,  Inviting Observers,    Food Authority • Scientific OpinionScientific Committee • Risk Management Options • Draft Comments • Reasons for rejection • Food AlertsScientific Opinion • Contact Point – Information Scientific Opinion Regulatory Options ?• Transparent Regulatory Options ? • Transparent • Do nothing • Do nothing • Self Regulation• Written in a  • Self Regulation Final Notification.   • Written in a  • Regulation precise manner • Regulation precise manner Expert Group . The Structure
  10. 10. Risk Analysis Methodology: The Scope Eaten for Enjoyment  Eaten for  “specific need” prevailing Standardized  Organic  Food ‐ Special Foods Foods Dietary Uses F O O D Proprietary GM/Irradiated  Food – Special Foods Foods Medical Purpose Functional  Novel   Food  Foods Foods Supplements General Standards Risk Specific Standards M A R K E T Management Risk Risk Assessment Communication Novel Foods Nutrients, Herbs, Veterinary, Pesticides Food AdditivesGM, Irradiated etc antibiotics (MRL)
  11. 11. Food Safety Management System ­ Scope Risk AnalysisGovernment Policy Appropriate Level of Protection ALOP [18-1a] Alerts Risk Management Decisions Food Safety Objective FSO RecallIndustry Performance Performance Criteria PC Traceability HACCP GMP GHP
  12. 12. Risk Management Considering rulemaking
  13. 13. Risk Management: Regulatory Options Trans Fats Year DANISH FOOD AGENCY US FDA 1991 No Action No ‘listing trans fats’ on label 1994 Recommend reduced intake - EU 1998 EU refuses action – lack of evidence Ruled to include “Trans with SFA” label 2003 Ruled ‘ separate line for trans’ label Reviewed evidence – meta analysis Trans consumption ~ 5.8g/day 2004 PRODUCT REGULATION 2006 LABELING REGULATION Harmonized with Codex* Willet, Lancet 341, 1993
  14. 14. Risk Profile: Caffeine Intake Table 2: Per Capita consumption of Company  Products all carbonated beverages8.6. Coffee Country No of Serves (250ml can) India 7 Per Capita     kg China 28 Japan 176 UK 198 Norway 9.9 Canada 237 Denmark 8.4 US 412 US 4.2 o Scientific Opinions UK 2.4 o FSANZ o EFSA India 0.2 o Risk Management Options o US/Canada/EU/Australia- New ZealandSafety Context - Introduction of Energy Drinks
  15. 15. Regulatory Impact AnalysisLabeling added sugar : GSR 664Total Available 17. 52 MMT, 2007* On site Packaged foods CommentsDirect Household  6.75 HIG consume twice more  than LIGIndustrial Consumption (5.26) 3.99* *Carbonated drinks, bakery,  confectionery, fruit drinksSmall Business/Coffee shops  5.51 3.25 alone by Halwais (58%)etcTotal Consumed 12.26 3.99 3 times more consumption in sector where labelling rules  have no writCountry Per Capita, Kg Biscuit ChocolateIndia 2.1 0.3EU 10 10 *AC Nielsen Survey 2007: KPMG Analysis
  16. 16. Risk Communication - Purposeo Establish Scientific Authority o ‘Food scares’ are popular news o E.g. GM Foods o Trans fats,o Gain Consumer Confidence o Why Countries have different Standards o Exposure analysis o Dietary practice
  17. 17. Challenges in Risk Management A Food Safety Management System Not only for ‘packaged foods’ More people are eating ‘out’ or ‘on the move’ Newer Technologies GM Foods, Nanotechnology Novel Foods Global Supply Chains Cross country contaminations Exotic risk issues
  18. 18. Risk Management is about . .Improving Health & Safety Outcomes
  19. 19. Thank You“ Washington is a town where people say theyare for science-based decision making until theoverwhelming scientific consensus leads to apolitically inconvenient conclusion.”Sherwood Boehlert: Chairman: House Science Committee, US