HACCP Certification for Food Industry_2012


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HACCP Certification for Food Industry_2012

  1. 1. Need for HACCP Certification for Food industry & The Way Forward QSS - Quality Management Services
  2. 2. General Awareness• Food borne & Water borne Illness• Great human sufferings globally• Cost to a country’s economy• Outbreaks across the years QSS - Quality Management Services
  3. 3. 3 German E coli Outbreak June 2011 Starting May 2011, 3785 cases - Source traced to fenugreek seeds 852 patients with acute Kidney from Egypt Failure and 48 Deaths in Germany aloneCost $284 million in human losses (such as sick leave),regardless of material losses (such as dumped cucumbers) QSS – Quality Management Services
  4. 4. 4 China Milk Contamination Incident Starting 2008 in China , an August 2008 China Sanlu Milkabnormal increase in infant cases Powder tested with Melamine. of kidney stones. 300,000 affected , 6 dead QSS – Quality Management Services
  5. 5. 5Need for Food Safety Increased focus from media and Danger to public public Raised/changed requirements safety from authorities Customers require more safe and environmentalResponsible fordamage/pollution friendly products, services and processesshall pay $ Increased Internationalisation requirements from Investors, insurance and finance Employees demand Food safety Increased consciousness influence and a job not in all parts on ethics, new knowledge harming life, health or of the food and technology environment chain QSS – Quality Management Services
  6. 6. 6Factors driving Food Safety• Customers (Better Educated/Preferences) M A• World Health Organization (WHO), FAO (Food & Agriculture N D Organisation of UN) - CAC (Codex Alimentarius Commission) A• Regulatory Bodies (Governments) T O• Market Access (EC/USFDA ) R Y• Shareholders, Insurers (Litigation/Claims)• Retailers & Private Labels (Brand Protection) V O• Organizations Customer Focus L U• Technological and Scientific Advancements N T• Changing Business Trends A R• Global Market trends like Global Food Trade. Y QSS – Quality Management Services
  7. 7. Mandatory - Global & Indian LegislationWTO SPS & TBT• SPS- Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures • stresses on health and safety• TBT- Technical barrier to Trade agreements • stresses on quality aspects QSS – Quality Management Services
  8. 8. 8Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC)• CAC is responsible for the execution of the joint FAO/WHO food standards programme• Established in 1963• Developed food standards, guidelines and related texts to protect consumer health and ensure Fair Trade Practices• Members include both International Government and Non Governmental organizations• Recommended as voluntary application by members, Codex standards serve in many cases as a basis for national legislation• Documentation available in form of Standards Codes of practice Guidelines Other guidelines QSS – Quality Management Services
  9. 9. 9India and CODEX • India is represented on CODEX by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) • CODEX India co-ordinates and promotes Codex activities in India in association with the National Codex Committee and facilitates Indias input to the work of Codex through an established consultation process • Various CODEX Committees are formed which includes various trade, government, consumer and academia representatives QSS – Quality Management Services
  10. 10. 10Indian Food Regulations• Food Safety and Standards Act (FSS), 2006 In effect since 5th August 2011 FSS repeals the following Acts: • The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 • The Fruit Products Order, 1955 • The Meat Food Products Order, 1973 • The Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947 • The Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order, 1998 • The Solvent Extracted Oil, De oiled Meal, and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967 • The Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992 • Essential Commodities Act, 1955 relating to food• Voluntary Standardization and Certification BSI (ISI Mark) & DMI (Agmark Standards) QSS – Quality Management Services
  11. 11. 11FSS Act Regulations • Following regulations have been issued FSS - Licensing and Registration of Food Business Regulations FSS - Packaging and Labeling Regulations FSS – Food Product Standards and Food Additives Regulations FSS - Prohibition and Restriction on Sales Regulations FSS - Contaminants, Toxins and Residues Regulations FSS - Laboratory and Sampling Analysis Regulations QSS – Quality Management Services
  12. 12. 12Important aspects of the FSS Act • Scope- applicable to all kinds of food/substances whether processed, partially processed or unprocessed, intended for human consumption and includes primary food except those produced by farmers/ fishermen, genetically modified foods or foods with genetic ingredients, infant foods, packaged drinking water, alcoholic drink and water used in manufacture of food. • Definitions- important definitions are given in the regulations. • Establishment of the authority- powers granted and the structure of the body • Misleading advertisements and unfair trade practices - No false claims, unfair trade practices, • Imports- All imports of articles of food are subject to the Act. QSS – Quality Management Services
  13. 13. 13Important aspects of the FSS Act contd…. • Special responsibility of FBO- Not hire sick workers, infected individuals Sell product to other food vendors, provide guarantee in writing of the safety/quality of food article If food of a batch is found contaminated it will be presumed that the whole batch is unsafe. • Liability of manufacturer, packer, wholesaler, distributor and sellers- manufacturer liable to meet all requirements of FSA, • Wholesaler/ seller liable for sale after expiry, storage, traceability etc. • Food recall procedures • Offences and penalties • QUID – Quantitative Ingredient Declaration • Clear indication of Restriction of Sale of certain admixtures QSS – Quality Management Services
  14. 14. 14FSS Act – Points to Note • For the first time, the Act compels the establishment of food recall procedures in conjunction with global standards. • The complete traceability of the food product at all levels needs to be established. • All FBO’s have to intimate the authority well in advance of their plan on any addition, extension/modification within the business establishment including change in product category, layout, closure or any other info, based on which a license is granted. QSS – Quality Management Services
  15. 15. Food Safety Management SystemsKey Terminology:• HACCP• ISO 22000• Other Standards in use globally QSS – Quality Management Services
  16. 16. 16Development of Food Safety Management Systems 1959 HACCP: Pillsbury and the NASA program 3rd party certification of NACMCF, "HACCP Principles for Food food safety 1991 Production" systems begins with the Codex Alimentarius: development of 1991 “HACCP and Guidelines for its Application” national HACCP 1995 Seafood HACCP, FDA Final Rule standards by US, Australia, HACCP for Meat and Poultry Processors, Ireland, The 1997 USDA Final Rule Netherlands, Germany and Denmark 2001 Juice HACCP, FDA Final Rule 2005 ISO 22000:2005 Released QSS – Quality Management Services
  17. 17. 17HACCP• Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic preventive approach to Food Safety that addresses Physical, Chemical and Biological hazards as a means of prevention rather than finished product inspection.• HACCP is used in the food industry to identify potential food safety hazards, so that key actions, known as Critical Control Points (CCPs) can be taken to reduce or eliminate the risk of the hazards being realized.• The system is used at all stages of food production and preparation processes including packaging, distribution, etc. QSS – Quality Management Services
  18. 18. 18ISO 22000 – Food Safety Management System• Standard developed by International Organisation for Standardisation for dealing with Food Safety• Involves following Principles: Interactive Communication System Management Prerequisite Programs HACCP Principles• ISO is developing additional standards that are related to ISO 22000 and together they are known as the ISO 22000 family of standards.• The BIS has adopted it as national standard, IS/ISO22000.• ISO has also published ISO/TS22004 which is a guidance for application of ISO22000• ISO22003 which covers requirements for CB’s for FSMS. It forms the basis of their operation as well as their accreditation. QSS – Quality Management Services
  19. 19. 19What is Food Safety Management System to anorganization?• It acts as a tool for developing a system which ensures safe food.• Raise product or service quality• Builds customer confidence• Lower overhead and Stimulates creativity• Reduce waste and rework and Stimulates teamwork• Open new markets and customers.• Systematic not anarchy• A platform to improve communication by dismantling cross functional barriers.• A vehicle to improve productivity and profitability by vesting ownership in everyone.• A motivator to make training and learning the foundation for continuous improvement. QSS – Quality Management Services
  20. 20. Implementing food hygiene practices QSS – Quality Management Services
  21. 21. 21Why should we apply Hygiene Practices? Increased shelf-life of the product Good working conditions and higher staff morale Compliance with statutory and regulatory norms. Fulfill customer stated and customer intended requirements• To avoid the following To prevent Food contamination and related complaints Food poisoning outbreaks and occasional deaths Wastages of food due to spoilages, pest infestation Loss of Production Penalties and cost of legal actions taken due to non-compliance with hygiene legislation QSS – Quality Management Services
  22. 22. 22Implementing HACCP• The Five Preliminary Steps Management Commitment Assemble a HACCP Team. Description of the product Intended use Sensitive Groups• The Seven Principles of HACCP Food Safety• Implementation Review Policy QSS – Quality Management Services
  23. 23. 237 Principles of HACCP Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points Critical Limits Monitoring & Sampling Corrective Action Verification Record Keeping QSS – Quality Management Services
  24. 24. Thank youQSS – Quality Management Services