Developing food safety systems internationally
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Developing food safety systems internationally






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    Developing food safety systems internationally Developing food safety systems internationally Presentation Transcript

    • Developing food safety systemsinternationally: Experiences from India and Codex Alimentarius S. Dave Director - APEDA and Chair - CAC
    • Structure of Keynote Presentation India – domestic experience India – international experience (Codex) The Iceberg Codex and action points for us2
    • l India - domestic experience3
    • Facts about India 30 States, 7 Union Territories; 2.97 million sq. Km. 585 Districts; 638,596 Villages; 22 official languages One-tenth of world’s arable land (169 million Ha) One-fifth of world’s irrigated land (56 million Ha) Coastline of 8000 km, vast marine wealth; 10 major ports India is third largest food producer (China: 856 m MT; USA: 608 m MT; India: 601 m MT) Grocery market (154 bn $) - 77% of total retail sales Total expenditure on food: > 21% of GDP4 Rising expense on meat, egg, fish, coffee, tea, cocoa
    • Why FSS Act..? Multiple food laws, and enforcement agencies Varied standards restricting innovation Limited manpower, poor labs. & other resources Standards rigid, non-responsive to scientific advancements and modernization Poor level of consumer interface5
    • How FSSA integrates..?6
    • Key Features of the Act ☺ Shift to a single line of command ☺ FSSAI is the single reference point ☺ Effective and transparent regulatory framework ☺ Decentralisation of licensing ☺ Integrated response to Novel / GM foods, trade, etc. ☺ Achieve high degree of consumer confidence ☺ Adequate information to consumers for informed choice7 ☺ Mechanism for speedy disposal of cases
    • FOOD AUTHORITY FOOD AUTHORITYFSSAI set up in Sept. 2008 Finance Division (FSSAI) (FSSAI) Chief Executive Officer Vigilance Central Advisory Committee Division ( 22 members ) Codex Cell Scientific Committee and Panels Central Food ( 8 panels ) Laboratories (72) Chief, Management Chief Chief Chief, Product Approvals Services Officer Enforcement and Quality Assurance Chief Scientific Advisor Surveillance Officer Officer • Standards development • Human • Risk/Crisis • Compliance • Regulated Product Approval Resources Management (based on • Inspection • Oversight for self regulations Codex) • Information Technology • Epidemiology • Prosecution • Food safety and Biosafety • Research approvals • Communication • Scientific Reference and Public • Clinical • Inter-agency approvals Relations Surveillance • International • Accrediting and Monitoring Science Cooperation • International third party certification & labs Relations • Scientific Outreach • Providing and reviewing protocols for critical product • Committee / panel validation tests8 support
    • Committees and Panels of FSSAI Central Advisory Committee Scientific Committee and Panels (8) Food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food Biological hazards Contaminants in the food chain Labeling and claims / advertisements Method of sampling and analysis Pesticides and antibiotic residues Genetically modified organisms and foods Functional foods, nutraceuticals, dietetic products, etc.9
    • India - international experience Table Grapes (traceability) Organic Products (best practices, equivalence, conformity assessment)10
    • Grape growing states of India Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Karnataka11
    • Implementation by India STAGE I: Government of India Regulation - Regulation of Export of Fresh Grapes from India through monitoring of pesticide residues Standards to meet international market standards Agencies to test compliance with these standards No export of fresh grapes to EU without adherence to this procedure STAGE II: IT enabled the regulation, compliance and monitoring Integrating all stakeholders in the supply chain of grapes export from India in a centralized database12
    • Traceability live Traceability through labels pasted on pallets / cartons Pasted in barcode and human readable format Leads to farms from where grapes were sourced Helps importers manage their inventory Screen shot from GrapeNet13
    • Major Gains ☺ Self confidence among farmers ☺ Culture for food quality and safety ☺ Farmers earned 40% more value ☺ Benefits went to 40,000 farmers and 132 exporters ☺ FOB realization: 8 Euro 11.5 Euro for 5 kg. ☺ Value - addition through improved packaging ☺ EU labs accepted that Indian labs are better ☺ Zero paper-work; total accountability; works 24 x 714
    • 15
    • India’s export market for organic products United States Others Japan EU Source: APEDA16
    • What has been India’s focus…? ☺ Set standards for Organic Production (NPOP) ☺ Qualified inspectors with agriculture background ☺ Best Practices for Accreditation (ISO-17011); Certification (ISO-65); Lab. testing (ISO-17025) ☺ Regular training of inspectors, Certification Bodies and Evaluation Committee ☺ Group Certification (small farm holdings)17
    • What were the next steps…? Continue best practices at all levels Develop more Certification Bodies for competition and better delivery of services Initiate equivalence negotiations: EU and US (Codex) Introduce Traceability throughout the chain (Codex) Implement NPOP for domestic market Set standards for organic all livestock products, aquaculture and textiles18 Invest in promotion
    • India’s Export of Organic Products Quantity exported 90,000 MT by end of year 70000 60000 50000 40000Volume (MT) 30000 20000 10000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year until Sept.19
    • Let’s talk about Codex…20
    • Relevance of Codex to members Based on scientific principles and risk analysis Consensus based approach – truly global Covers a wide range – products, codes of practice, methods, MRLs, audits, ethics, equivalence, etc. Easy to harmonize national legislations Provides flexibility in adaptation Exchange of information is standardized Saves time and facilitates trade Helps settle differences Reference standard in WTO21
    • Issues currently under discussion Codex Strategic Plan 2014 -19 Private standards Participation of developing countries Capacity building of developing countries National Food Control Systems Veterinary drugs22
    • The Iceberg Codex Codex23
    • Private Standards National Standards Codex Standards and Texts24 Consumer Consumer Consumer Consumer
    • Legal Standard Private A Legal Procedure Standard Audit B B t di Au Au di t Private Audit Private Procedure Audit Standard A A Au Audit t d di it Au Legal Private Procedure Standard Legal B B Procedure A25
    • Legal Standard Better, I eat Private A myself…!! Legal Procedure Standard Audit B B t di Au Au di t Private Audit Private Procedure Audit Standard A A Au Audit t d di it Au Legal Private Procedure Standard Legal B B Procedure A26
    • The Solution…! Harmonise with Codex… Helpful in absence of national standards Orients standardized process of food safety Overall development of consumer health / safety Facilitates equivalence process Facilitates export to developed markets Let’s support single standard across the globe27
    • Action Points How can WE help…?? Identify specific capacity building needs of countries Encourage countries to harmonize standards with Codex Develop guidance documents for small business / farmers (e.g., GAP, organic, conformity assessment) Facilitate equivalence, conformity assessment Help developing countries introduce food safety education Encourage pvt. std. setting bodies engage with Codex Remove any negative perceptions about speed of Codex28 Enhance global awareness for Codex - the bench-mark
    • Global Awareness for Codex The Three Sisters: Animal Health Plant Health Human Health ?29
    • Together, we make that difference…30