Current status of nutrition & health claims in malaysia
Current Status of Nutrition and Health Claim in Malaysia Norrani Eksan Food Safety and Quality Division Ministry of Health Malaysia ILSI Seminar, Kuala Lumpur 20 Sept 2010
Status of Nutrition labelling….• Malaysia- mandatory nutrition labelling for wide variety of foods• Law gazzeted in 2003 and enforced in 2005• More than 50 categories of commonly consumed foods
Nutrition labelling only mandatory forcertain food group. but………. When a food makes a nutritionclaim, it is mandatory to include anutrition labeling and the amount ofany other nutrient for which anutrition claim is made in respect ofthe food.
Nutrition Labelling and Claims in Malaysia2 parts:• Declaration of energy value, carbohydrate, protein and fat• Specific provisions for claims such as nutrient content claim, nutrient function claim and nutrient comparative claim
Labelling of Mandatory Nutrients• Must declare – – Energy – Protein – Carbohydrate – Fat – (Total sugars – only for ready to drink beverages)
Labelling of Optional Nutrients• Vitamins and minerals( if meet criteria)• Dietary fibre• Sodium• Cholesterol• Fatty acids
Declaration for vitamin and mineral• Criteria• - Only those listed in NRV or• - With written approval from• the director, and• - Present in not less than 5%• NRV perserving
Nutrition Claims• Nutrient content claim• Nutrient comparative claim• Nutrient function claim• Claim for enrichment, fortification or other words of similar meaning
Health claim(disease risk reduction claim) Prohibited in Malaysia
Function claim VS Health Claim• FUNCTION CLAIM • HEALTH CLAIM• Describe the specific • Suggest or implies a role of the nutrient in relationship between a relation to physiological food and health functions condition• Ex: Iron is a factor in • Health claim such as red blood cell disease risk reduction formation. claims are not• Calcium aids in the dev permitted of strong bones and • Ex: Iron can help teeth reduce the risk of anemia
Latest amendments• Gazetted on 19 Nov 2009 ( P.U. (A) 403• Reg 26- “Nutrient supplement” substituted by “added nutrient”• “Added nutrient” includes any mineral, vitamin, amino acid, fatty acid, nucleotide or other food components which, when added singly or in combination to food, improves the nutritional value of the food.
Amendment of Twelfth Schedule• Permitted Nutrient Supplement Added nutrient:• Vitamin and mineral• Amino acids• Fatty acids• Nucleotides• Other food components
Other Food Components• Inulin• Oligofructose/ Fructooligosaccharide• Sialic acid (from milk)• Plant sterol or plant stanol or phytosterols or phystanols comprising mainly of sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol and other related plant stanol.
Amendments….• Fifth A Sch:“Component Claim Condition Not more thanSugar Low 5g per 100g(s) 2.5g per 100ml (l) Free 0.5g per 100g(s) 0.5g per 100ml(l)
Amendment…• Fifth A schedule Component Claim Condition Not more than Sodium Low 0.12 g per 100g(s) 0.06 g per 100ml(l) Very 0.04g per 100g (s) low 0.02g per 100ml(l) 0.005g per 100g(s) Free 0.005g per 100ml(l)
Exemption• Small packages –total surface less than 100cm2• Returnable glass bottle’s• …..Provided no nutrition claim was made.
Permitted Nutrition Function Claims• A total of fifty two(52) nutrition function claims listed. (as of August 2010)• All listed in the Guide to Nutrition Labelling and Claim http://fsq.moh.gov.my• Additional five (5) new claims ( 2008-2010)• -Lutein• -Isomaltulose• -Resistant dextrin/Resistant maltodextrin• -Oligofructose-inulin mixture• -Plant sterol esters
Criteria for ‘nutritious’ claim• Contains:• A range of nutrients including carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamin and mineral• A substantial amount of energy of more than 40kcal per 100g or 20 kcal per 100ml• Source of protein not less than 5 g per 100g or 2.5g per 100ml• At least four vitamins and two mineral (excluding sodium) of an amount that meets the criteria for claim as source
Permitted Nutrition Function Claims• Lutein:• As a predominant macular pigment in the retina, Lutein is able to filter blue light and may protect the eye
ConditionComponent Minimum Other Condition amount requiredLutein 2.5 µg per This minimum level is specified for 100ml (3.7 infant formula only. mg per 100kcal) 20 µg per This minimum level is specified for 100ml (30 follow up formula only. mg per 100kcal) 20 µg per This minimum level is specified for 100ml (20 formulated milk powder for children mg per only. 100kcal)
Permitted claims• Isomaltulose:-• Isomaltulose is slowly hydrolysed to glucose and fructose, and therefore it provides longer lasting energy compared to sucrose• Isomaltulose is a slowly release source of energy compared to sucrose• Isomaltulose provides longer lasting energy compared to sucrose• Isomaltulose is slowly hydrolysed to glucose and fructose, compared with sucrose•
ConditionComponent Minimum Other Condition amount requiredIsomaltulose 15g/ Addition and claim for serving Isomaltulose resistant maltodextrin are not permitted in infant formula
Permitted claims• Resistant dextrin / Resistant maltodextrin :• Resistant dextrin / Resistant maltodextrin is a soluble dietary fibre that helps to regulate / promote regular bowel movement especially of people with a tendency to constipation.
ConditionComponent Minimum Other Condition amount requiredResistant 2.5 g per Addition and claim fordextrin / serving resistant dextrin / resistantResistant maltodextrin are not permittedmaltodextrin in infant formula
Permitted claims• Oligofructose-inulin mixture containing 36-42% oligofructose (DP 2-10) and 50- 56 % inulin (DP >10) helps to increase calcium absorption and increase bone mineral density when taken with calcium rich food• Plant sterol esters helps lower or reduce cholesterol*
ConditionComponent Minimum Other Condition amount requiredOligofructose- 2 g per Total fructant content in theinulin mixture serving mixture shall be more than 90%containing 36- on dry weight basis”42%oligofructose(DP 2-10) and50-56 % inulin(DP >10)
ConditionsComponent Minimum Other Condition amount requiredPlant sterol 0.65 g Types of plant sterol esters permitted:esters per “campesterol ester, stigmasterol ester and beta- serving sitosterol ester”; Maximum amount in daily serving for product added with plant sterol esters is not more than 3 g per day; Declaration of the total amount of plant sterol esters contained in the products shall be expressed in metric units per 100 g or per 100 ml or per package if the package contains only a single portion and per serving as quantified on the label; Only the terms “plant sterol esters” shall be used in declaring the presence of such components;
ConditionsComponent Minimum Other Condition amount requiredPlant sterol There shall be written on the label of food makingesters such claim the following statements: “Not recommended for pregnant and lactating women, and children under the age of five years”; “Persons on cholesterol-lowering medication shall seek medical advice before consuming this product”; that the product is consumed as part of a balanced and varied diet and shall include regular consumption of fruits and vegetables to help maintain the carotenoid level; and “With added plant sterol esters” in not less than 10 point lettering”.
Procedure for approval of Nutrition Claims• Application from industry• Review and recommendation by Expert Committee on Nutrition• Endorsed by Advisory Committee on Food Regulations 1985• Approval by Director (DDG)
Procedure for approval of Nutrition Claims• Accompany by supporting document :• Proposed claim and food• -limit of probable daily intake of nutrient• Chemical structure and formula of the nutrient• Information on physiological role of the nutrient• Level of “source: of nutrient per 100g or ml with scientific justification of the proposed level.• Evidence or benefit from 5 clinical trial (Studies should be published in refered journal• Epidemiological and experimental studies and reviewed paper may be included as supportive evidence.• Information regarding stability and bioavailability of the nutrient in raw, processed and/or finished food• Analytical method• Data on safety evaluation derived both chronic and acute studiesc• Approval from other country)
National Survey 2008• Involving 3240 respondents from 15 states• To determine the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding nutrition labelling among Malaysian consumers.
Knowledge on nutrition and nutrition labelling
Consumer survey 2009 ( Fatimah Sulong, Nik Ismail Nik Daud, Tee E Siong)• Study conducted in Klang Valley, involving 232 female respondents , age 20-59 years• To assess the level of understanding and ability to extract information from nutrition information panel (NIP)