ASEAN Policy and Cooperation on Food Security Suriyan Vichitlekarn ASEAN Secretariat
ASEAN Policy and Cooperation on Food Security By ASEAN Secretariat ASEAN Food Security Conference: Role of the Private Sector 16-18 June 2010, Singapore One Vision, One Identity, One Community
Background Food security – a long standing agenda of ASEAN Soaring food prices in 2007/08 and failure of food market and trade Population growth, food-fuel-finance crises, impacts of climate change, degradation of natural resources, land & water resource use conflicts Need for an integrated and innovative approach and multi-stakeholder efforts towards long-term food security Mainstreaming food security in ASEAN Community building processOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 3
AIFS Framework and SPA-FS The 14th ASEAN Summit, March 2009, Cha-am Pledged to embrace food security as high priority policy, and review ASEAN’s commitment to the objectives of World Food Summit and the MDGs. Adopted the ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Framework and Strategic Plan of Action on Food Security in ASEAN (SPA-FS) (2009-2013). “Food security” exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. (World Food Summit, 1996)One Vision, One Identity, One Community 4
AIFS Framework and SPA-FS Goal: To ensure long-term food security and to improve the livelihoods of farmers in the ASEAN region. Implementation, coordination and monitoring ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry (AMAF) in coordination with other relevant ASEAN Sectoral Bodies Consultations with stakeholders at regional and national levels to obtain relevant inputs and cooperation and to promote sense of greater ownership Partnership and cooperation with dialogue partners, international organizations and donor agencies (i.e. ADB, FAO, IFAD, IRRI,World Bank)One Vision, One Identity, One Community 5
AIFS Framework and SPA-FS Component 1: Food Security Component 2: Sustainable Food Trade Emergency/Shortage Relief Development Strategic Thrust 1: Strengthen Food Strategic Thrust 2: Promote Conducive Security Arrangements Food Market and Trade ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Component 3: Integrated Food Component 4: Agri-Innovation Security Information System Strategic Thrusts 4: Promote Sustainable Strategic Thrust 3: Strengthen Food Production Integrated Food Security Information Strategic Thrusts 5: Encourage Greater Systems Investment in Food and Agro-based Industry Strategic Thrusts 6: Identify and Address Emerging Issues Related to Food SecurityOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 6
AFCC 31st AMAF Meeting, November 2009 adopted “ASEAN Multi-sectoral Framework on Climate Change: Agriculture and Forestry towards Food Security (AFCC)” Coverage: agriculture, fisheries, livestock, forestry in coordination with the environment, public health and energy sectors 16th ASEAN Summit, April 2010 - Leaders’ Statement on Joint Response to Climate Change ASEAN Climate Change Initiative (ACCI)One Vision, One Identity, One Community 7
AFCC Goal To contribute to food security through sustainable and efficient use of land and water resources by minimizing the impacts of and the contributions to climate change Objectives Coordination of adaptation Cooperation on the implementation of integrated and mitigation strategies adaptation and mitigation Components 1. Cooperation on the 2. Integration of climate change implementation of adaptation mitigation and adaptation and mitigation measures strategies into the economic and social development policy framework 3. Strengthening of regional information, communication and networking on climate change and food security 4. Developing a more comprehensive multi-sectoral strategic framework and a roadmap for implementationOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 8
ASEAN Community by 2015 ASEAN Community comprising three pillars – Economic, Political & Security and Socio-Cultural Food and agriculture in ASEAN Community Economic (AEC) - A single market and production base with free flow of goods Tariff elimination, Non-Tariff barriers elimination (i.e. transparency/ notification), Trade Facilitation (i.e. harmonised procedures/ standards, reduced transaction cost), Custom integration, joint approaches on trans- national issues, agricultural cooperatives/farmer groupingOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 9
ASEAN Community by 2015 Food and agriculture in ASEAN Community Socio-Cultural (ASCC) Food security, food safety & consumer protection, management of natural resources, protection of biodiversity, ecosystem and environmentOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 10
Issues & Challenges Increase food self-sufficiency, functionality of food market and trade, ASEAN economic integration Small agri-holders and operators Four dimensions of food security – availability, accessibility, food safety and nutritional aspects Private sector contribution to food security It’s been there! But how to increase What constrains/limits greater contribution of private sector contribution to food security? Public-private partnership – from concept to architectural design, platform and processes, and success storiesOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 11
Issues & Challenges Private sector contribution to food security It’s been there! But how to increase What constrains/limits greater contribution of private sector contribution to food security? What incentives and what characterises enabling policy and environment that can enhance greater private sector contribution to food security? Public-private partnership – from concept to architectural design, platform and processes, and success stories Conference outcome AIFS Framework and ASEAN Community building processOne Vision, One Identity, One Community 12
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