North Atlantic Treaty Organization By Jason Cates Jason Cates 2012
1. What is NATO?2. Members3. Structure4. Who’s Who?5. History6. Current Issues Jason Cates 2012
NATO is a military alliance consisting of 28 member states. Members are located in North America and Europe. NATO was established upon the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. Article 5 of the Treaty agrees “an armed attack against one or more of them… shall be considered an attack against them all”.(NATO, 2012a) Jason Cates 2012
1. Albania 15. Latvia 2. Belgium 16. Lithuania 3. Bulgaria 17. Luxembourg 4. Canada 18. Netherlands 5. Croatia 19. Norway 6. Czech Rep 20. Poland 7. Denmark 21. Portugal 8. Estonia 22. Romania 9. France 23. Slovakia 10. Germany 24. Slovenia 11. Greece 25. Spain 12. Hungary 26. Turkey 13. Iceland 27. United Kingdom 14. Italy 28. United States(NATO, 2012a) Jason Cates 2012
Ultimately, NATO operations are governed by its 28 member states with each sending a delegation to NATO headquarters in Brussels This includes each delegation having Permanent Representative on the North Atlantic Council which is chaired by the Secretary General and has decision making powers(NATO, 2012d) Jason Cates 2012
The Parliamentary Assembly sets NATO’s broad strategic goals The Military Committee is responsible for recommending measures considered necessary for the common defence of the NATO area and is made up of military representatives(NATO, 2012b) (NATO, 2012C) Jason Cates 2012
NATO Secretary General: ◦ Anders Fogh Rasmussen NATO Deputy Secretary General: ◦ Alexander Vershbow Chairman of the Military Committee: ◦ General Knud Bartels Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee: ◦ Lieutenant General Walter Gaskin(NATO, 2012e) Jason Cates 2012
NATO was established upon the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. NATO’s creation was based on three purposes: ◦ Deterring Soviet expansionism ◦ Forbidding the revival of nationalist militarism in Europe ◦ Encouraging European political integration. 1947–1991: The Cold War and rivalry with the USSR and the Warsaw Pact(NATO, 2012b) (NATO, 2012f) Jason Cates 2012
In 1994, the Partnership for Peace programme was launched with members including former Soviet republics The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre is the only occasion that Article 5 of the North Atlantic treaty has been invoked ◦ “an armed attack against one or more of them… shall be considered an attack against them all”(NATO, 2012f) Jason Cates 2012
The intervention took place between 19th March & 31st October 2011 aiming to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1973 NATO took control of the no-fly zone on 31st March, while command of targeting ground units remained with coalition forces Took place in response to Libyan civil war and ended shortly after the death of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi Efforts initially led by the UK and France(NATO, 2012g) Jason Cates 2012
The war in Afghanistan began on October 7th 2001 following the terrorist attacks of 9/11 The aim of NATO operations is: ◦ “to provide effective security across the country in order to ensure Afghanistan can never again be a safe haven for terrorists” NATO members plan to withdraw the majority, if not all, of their military forces from Afghanistan over the coming years(NATO, 2012h) Jason Cates 2012
NATO (2012a) What is NATO? Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/SID-A0A8221B- 738B6E69/natolive/what_is_nato.htm [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012b) German MP Karl A. Lamers elected as new NATO Parliamentary Assembly President. Available at: http://www.nato-pa.int/default.asp?SHORTCUT=2294 [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012c) The Military Committee. Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_49633.htm [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012d) The North Atlantic Council. Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_49763.htm [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012e) Who is Who? Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/SID-A0A8221B- 738B6E69/natolive/who_is_who.htm [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012f) NATO History. Available at: http://www.nato.int/history/nato-history.html [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012g) NATO and Libya. Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_71652.htm [Accessed: 13th July 2012] NATO (2012h) NATO in Afghanistan. Available at: http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_69349.htm [Accessed: 13th July 2012] Jason Cates 2012
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.